LAW ON POLICE                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 1                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                       General Provisions                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 Article 1. Goals of the Police                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  shall  be  the               
executive body  of  State  power  ensuring  law  and  order,  and               
operating within the system of internal affairs of the Republic.                
                                                                                
     The main  goals of the police force shall be: the prevention               
of crime  and other  violations of  the law;  the  detection  and               
investigation of  crimes; the  protection of public order, peace,               
and security;  the  protection  of  civil  rights,  freedoms  and               
property;  and,  within  its  powers,  environmental  protection.               
Furthermore, the  police shall  control traffic safety, and shall               
offer emergency  aid and  other means of social assistance to the               
community.                                                                      
                                                                                
     The police  shall protect  all citizens and organisations of               
the Republic  of Lithuania,  as well  as other persons who are in               
the territory of the Republic of Lithuania and who are within the               
jurisdiction of  the Republic,  regardless of  their citizenship,               
nationality, origin,  social  and  material  status,  social  and               
political views, religious beliefs, and other factors.                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
         Article 2. The Principles of Police Activities                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police activities  shall  be  based  on  the  principles  of               
democracy,  humanism,   lawfulness,  social   justice,  openness,               
professional  secrecy,   and  on   the  principle   of  combining               
individual and collegiate management.                                           
                                                                                
     Political parties  and  political  movements  shall  not  be               
permitted within the police force.                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 3. The Legal Bases for Police Activities                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police  shall observe  the Basic  Provisional Law of the               
Republic of Lithuania (the Constitution), this Law, other laws of               
the  Republic   of  Lithuania,  decrees  and  directives  of  the               
Government of the Republic of Lithuania, and standard acts of the               
Ministry of  Internal  Affairs  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania.               
Municipal Police shall also follow the resolutions of their local               
bodies  of   power  and   government,  provided   that  the  said               
resolutions comply with the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
            Article 4. Publicity of Police Activities                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall inform State and local government bodies of               
power and  government, the  mass media,  and the  general  public               
about their activities.                                                         
                                                                                
     Upon receipt of a citizen's application, the police must, in               
accordance with  the procedures  established by  the Minister  of               
Internal  Affairs   and  approved   by  the  Government,  furnish               
information concerning  the applicant  which  is  stored  in  the               
police data  banks, provided  that this  information is  not of a               
confidential nature.  It shall be prohibited to disclose personal               
information  to   any  citizen   other  than  the  one  whom  the               
information concerns.                                                           
                                                                                
     The police  may not disclose information which is considered               
to be  a State,  national defence,  commercial,  or  professional               
secret. Information  which is  acquired in  the line  of duty and               
which is  potentially harmful to the honour, dignity or safety of               
citizens, the  safety of police officers or their family members,               
the lawful interests of organisations, or information which would               
obstruct the  detection of  crimes or condition the commission of               
crimes, shall not be disclosed, unless the performance of duty or               
the needs of justice directly necessitate its disclosure.                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 5. Police Officers and their Legal Status                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall  be  public  servants  whose  honour,               
dignity, life, health, rights, and freedoms shall be protected by               
the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                                          
                                                                                
     Police  officers  shall  be  citizens  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania who  serve and  hold a  valid post in the police force,               
and who  carry out police functions. They shall, at all times and               
places, have  the same  legal status and position as governmental               
representatives.                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall  comprise  policemen/policewomen  and               
police officials.                                                               
                                                                                
     Police officers shall also comprise cadets of the Lithuanian               
Police Academy  and members  of the  police  reserve,  when  such               
persons are  charged to  enforce  public  order.  Cadets  of  the               
Lithuanian Police  Academy shall  also be  granted the  status of               
police officers  during their practice or probationary periods in               
the police force.                                                               
                                                                                
     All citizens,  enterprises (i.e.  State, private and other),               
institutions, and organisations (and their officials) must comply               
with the demands of a police officer.                                           
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall have  the right  to have  custody of,               
carry,  and   use  firearms   and  special  police  equipment  in               
accordance with the procedures established in this Law.                         
                                                                                
     If the  demands of  a police  officer are not complied with,               
the officer  shall have  the right  to use force, but only to the               
extent necessary,  and after all other measures of persuasion and               
the like prove to be ineffective.                                               
                                                                                
     Probationary police officers shall not be issued firearms.                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 6. Legal Guarantees of Police Activities                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     In  the  line  of  duty,  police  officers  shall  only  act               
according to  the law.  Police officers  must obey  the orders of               
their superior officers.                                                        
                                                                                
     If a  police officer is issued an order or a directive which               
contradicts the  law, he  or she  must act in accordance with the               
law, and  must report the unlawful order or directive to both the               
Police Department and the prosecutor.                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 7. Assistance to Police Officers in the Fulfillment                  
                         of their Duties                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     State  and   local  government  bodies,  as  well  as  their               
officials, must  render necessary  organisational  and  technical               
assistance to police officers performing their duties.                          
                                                                                
     In  their   activities,  police   officers  shall   rely  on               
organisations of  law enforcement and maintenance of public order               
which are formed and operated on a voluntary basis, as well an on               
the assistance of citizens. Said organisations must be registered               
in the  procedure established  by law  and the  Government of the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 8. Realization of Professional Interests                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers may establish societies, clubs, professional               
unions,  and   other  associations   in  order   to  meet   their               
professional, cultural, and social needs. The functioning of said               
associations  shall   be  controlled  by  the  regulations  (i.e.               
statutes) which  shall be  adopted and  registered in  the manner               
established by law.                                                             
                                                                                
     Police officers shall be prohibited from going on strike.                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
         Article 9. Professional Relations of the Police                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police force of the Republic of Lithuania shall maintain               
professional  relations   with  relevant  institutions  in  other               
countries, as well as with international police organisations.                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
    Article 10. Supervision and Control of Police Activities                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The Prosecutor's  Office of  the Republic of Lithuania shall               
supervise   the   legality   of   police   activities.   Relevant               
institutions of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania,               
the  Government,   the  Ministry   of  Internal   Affairs,  local               
government Councils,  and executive bodies shall exercise control               
over police activities within their jurisdiction.                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 11. Appealing Against Police Actions                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Citizens shall  have the right to appeal against the actions               
of police  officers and  bodies of  law enforcement in accordance               
with the procedures established by law.                                         
                                                                                
     Civic complaints  against the  actions  of  police  officers               
shall be  investigated and  settled by  the chief  officer of the               
police institution  wherein the  police officer (against whom the               
complaint is lodged) is employed. Citizens may appeal to a higher               
level police  institution, to  the competent body of control over               
police activities,  or to  the court  if they  disagree with  the               
decision of the chief officer.                                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 2                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
          The Organisation and Functions of the Police                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
 Article 12. The Organisation and Structure of the Police Force                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The unified  system of  the police  force of the Republic of               
Lithuania  shall   consist  of   the  branches   and   structural               
subdivisions of  the National  and  Municipal  Police  under  the               
authority of  the Police  Department of  the Ministry of Internal               
Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.                                           
                                                                                
     The  Police   Department  shall  be  headed  by  the  Police               
Commissar General,  who is  also the  Deputy Minister of Internal               
Affairs. The  Police Commissar  General shall be appointed and/or               
removed from  office by  the Government, upon the approval of the               
Supreme Council.                                                                
                                                                                
     The city  (district) Police Commissariat shall be a division               
of the  higher level  local government board, wherein branches of               
the National and Municipal Police shall be operating.                           
                                                                                
     The city  (district) Police  Commissar shall  be approved by               
the local  government Council  and appointed  by the  Minister of               
Internal Affairs,  on the  joint  recommendation  of  the  Police               
Commissar General  of the  Police Department and the higher level               
local government board.                                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 Article 13. The National Police                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The  National   Police  shall   comprise  criminal   police,               
transport  police,  traffic  police,  and  public  police.  Chief               
officers of  the  National  Police  shall  be  appointed  by  the               
Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania, on the               
recommendation of  the Police  Commissar General  of  the  Police               
Department. Branches  and other  structural  police  subdivisions               
shall be  formed within  the criminal,  transport,  traffic,  and               
public  police  for  the  fulfillment  of  certain  functions  or               
objectives.                                                                     
                                                                                
     On the  order of  the Minister  of Internal  Affairs,  other               
internal affairs  branches may also operate under the auspices of               
Municipal Police Commissariats.                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
            Article 14. Goals of the National Police                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The  criminal  police,  by  way  of  their  operational  and               
professional activities, shall prevent crime, shall keep criminal               
records, shall  detect and  investigate crimes  which  have  been               
committed and  shall pursue  their  perpetrators,  shall  conduct               
investigations in  cases assigned  to their competence, and shall               
carry  out   assignments  given  by  prosecutors,  interrogators,               
judges, and the court, and which are related to the investigation               
of crimes and the search for the offenders.                                     
                                                                                
     The public  police shall  ensure public  order  at  national               
events, shall  render necessary  assistance to  the  prosecutor's               
office and  investigative bodies  in the investigation of crimes,               
as well  as to  courts in  the investigation  of cases and in the               
execution of  court sentences  and  court  orders,  shall  ensure               
public order  and peace  in cases  provided by  law,  when  State               
officers (officers  of control  bodies, State  inspectorates, and               
other State  bodies and institutions) are performing their lawful               
duties, and,  upon authorisation from the Government, shall guard               
State institutions and other important facilities.                              
                                                                                
     Upon the  decision of  the Government  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania,  special  purpose  police  units  which  are  directly               
subordinate  to  the  Police  Commissar  General  of  the  Police               
Department may be formed within the public police.                              
                                                                                
     The transport  police shall  carry out  the functions of the               
criminal and  public police within the railway, airline and water               
borne systems of transport, and in the territories subordinate to               
said systems.                                                                   
                                                                                
     The traffic police shall exercise road safety control, shall               
investigate  traffic   violations  and   road  accidents,   shall               
institute inquiries  concerning road  accidents, and shall impose               
administrative penalties  and other  measures  of  influence  for               
traffic violations.                                                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                Article 15. The Municipal Police                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The Municipal Police shall comprise subdivisions which shall               
prevent violations of law and order, shall institute inquiries in               
the manner established by law, and shall ensure the protection of               
public order  and peace,  as well  as of  the rights  and  lawful               
interests of  citizens. These  functions shall  be  performed  by               
municipal police  stations which  shall be  formed  according  to               
territorial principle.                                                          
                                                                                
     Municipal Police  shall be directed by the Police Department               
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.                                            
                                                                                
     Police  stations   located  on   the  territory  of  a  city               
(district) shall  be directed  by the  Commissar of the Municipal               
Police, who  is also  a Deputy  Commissar of  the city (district)               
police. The  Commissar of the Municipal Police shall be appointed               
by the  higher level  local government Board, and approved by the               
local government  Council, on  the recommendation  of the  Police               
Commissar.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Commissars of  municipal police  stations shall be appointed               
by the city (district) Police Commissar, on the recommendation of               
the Municipal  Police Commissar,  and shall  be approved  by  the               
lower level  local government  Council(s) on  whose territory the               
police station  is operating. If any one of the Councils does not               
approve, the  higher level local government Council shall approve               
the police station Commissar.                                                   
                                                                                
     The police  station Commissar shall be granted the powers of               
chief officer  of the  body of  inquiry,  and  the  authority  to               
investigate  cases   of  administrative   law  violations.  Other               
Municipal  Police   officers  shall  be  appointed  by  the  city               
(district)  Police   Commissar,  on  the  recommendation  of  the               
Municipal Police Commissar.                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The higher  level local governments shall have the exclusive               
right to  form police stations and to determine the area serviced               
by them.                                                                        
                                                                                
     The Ministry  of Internal Affairs, in conjunction with local               
governments, shall  organize the  selection and  training of  the               
Municipal Police staff, and shall provide them with uniforms with               
local government  insignias, as well as with police equipment and               
armament.                                                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
            Article 16. Goals of the Municipal Police                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
     On their  respective  territories,  Municipal  Police  shall               
prevent violations  of law  and order, shall protect public peace               
and order,  shall ensure  the protection of the rights and lawful               
interests of  the citizens,  and, within  their competence, shall               
ensure  environmental   protection.  In   accordance   with   the               
procedures established by law, the Municipal Police shall conduct               
inquiries in  cases assigned  to their  competence, shall fulfill               
assignments given by courts located on the territory of the local               
government, and  shall assist  the  traffic  police  in  ensuring               
traffic safety on their territory.                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
               Article 17. Functions of the Police                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police, while protecting and defending the life, health,               
honour, dignity, rights, freedoms, lawful interests, and property               
of citizens  from socially  dangerous attacks, and while carrying               
out other tasks set forth by law, shall discharge functions                     
specified in Articles 18 24 of this Law.                                        
                                                                                
     It shall  be prohibited  to charge  the police  to carry out               
functions which are not prescribed by law.                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 18. The Prevention of Crime and other                         
                      Violations of the Law                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall:                                                          
     1) organize  and implement  measures for  the prevention  of               
crime and other violation of the law;                                           
                                                                                
     2)  disclose  the  causes  and  conditions  for  crimes  and               
administrative violations  of law  which have been committed, and               
shall execute lawful measures for their elimination;                            
                                                                                
     3) compile  and hold  preventive, criminal,  and operational               
records;                                                                        
                                                                                
     4)   guard   the   property   of   citizens,   institutions,               
enterprises, and organisations on a contractual basis; and                      
                                                                                
     5) apply administrative and other preventive measures.                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 19. Detection and Investigation of Crimes                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall:                                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     1) register  and examine  statements and  reports concerning               
planned or committed crimes;                                                    
                                                                                
     2) conduct  searches for  absconded  suspects,  the  accused               
persons, defendants,  convicts, and  missing persons,  and  shall               
carry out  operational activities  provided by Article 20 of this               
Law;                                                                            
                                                                                
     3) conduct inquiries in the manner established by law; and                 
                                                                                
     4) fulfill  assignments given by interrogators, prosecutors,               
judges, and  courts in  cases provided for in the Law on Criminal               
Procedure.                                                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
            Article 20. Operational Police Activities                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Operational police  activities shall  be the  activities  of               
crime prevention  and detection  which are  of a secretive nature               
and which  are carried  out  with  the  intention  of  collecting               
information concerning  planned  or  committed  crimes.  As  such               
activities are  carried  out,  the  acquired  material  shall  be               
documented, searches  shall be  conducted for  the offenders  and               
missing per  sons, and  the sources  and means  of illegal income               
shall be disclosed.                                                             
                                                                                
     In executing  operational activities, the police may, in the               
established manner,  use  special  technical  devices,  voluntary               
assistance  from   citizens  (open   and  secret),   as  well  as               
intelligence questioning,  operational surveys  and  inspections,               
surreptitious surveillance,  intelligence, and  other methods  of               
special control.                                                                
                                                                                
     The means, methods, and techniques of operational activities               
and the  manner in  which they  are used  shall be  regulated  by               
special standard acts drafted by the Ministry of Internal Affairs               
and the Prosecutor's Office, and approved by the Government.                    
                                                                                
     In  each  specific  case,  the  utilisation  of  the  means,               
methods,  and  techniques  of  operational  activities  shall  be               
sanctioned by  the prosecutor,  provided that this is established               
in the  standard acts  specified in  paragraph 3 of Article 20 of               
this Law. Factual information which is obtained by employing said               
methods and which is recorded with the aid of technical equipment               
may  be  used  as  evidence  in  criminal  cases  in  the  manner               
established by the Law on Criminal Procedure.                                   
                                                                                
     Police operational  activities shall  be practiced  for  the               
sole purpose of combating crime, and shall be the exclusive right               
of the operational branches of the police.                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 21. Protection of Public Order, Peace, and Safety,                   
                  and Civil Rights and Freedoms                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall:                                                          
                                                                                
     1) patrol public places;                                                   
                                                                                
     2) maintain order during large public events;                              
                                                                                
     3) enforce  laws to  combat crime,  alcoholism, drug  abuse,               
prostitution, and other conditions which are harmful to society;                
                                                                                
     4)  supervise   that   firearms,   ammunition,   explosives,               
narcotics, and  other objects and substances which are subject to               
license  regulations   are   acquired,   kept,   preserved,   and               
transferred according to the established procedure;                             
                                                                                
     5) prepare  statements for administrative violations of law,               
investigate the  cases of  such violations, impose administrative               
penalties  for   the  offenders,  and  apply  other  measures  of               
administrative coercion;                                                        
                                                                                
     6) guard  and escort apprehended persons in cases prescribed               
by law,  and shall  execute investigative  and  court  orders  in               
criminal cases; and                                                             
                                                                                
     7) ensure  public order  when officers  of  the  law,  State               
controllers, medical  staff, and other officials or employees are               
discharging the  duties vested  in them in the manner established               
by law.                                                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                Article 22. Road Traffic Control                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall:                                                          
                                                                                
     1)  direct  traffic  and  pedestrians,  and  shall  exercise               
control over the order and safety of road traffic;                              
                                                                                
     2) supervise that streets and motorways are designed, built,               
repaired, maintained,  managed, and  exploited according  to road               
safety requirements;                                                            
                                                                                
     3) supervise the mechanical condition of motor vehicles;                   
                                                                                
     4) supervise  that  individuals,  enterprises  (all  types),               
institutions, and  organisations comply  with the  laws and other               
standard acts  which are  enforced to  ensure road  safety and to               
protect  the  environment  from  the  harmful  effects  of  motor               
vehicles and other forms of transport;                                          
                                                                                
     5)  investigate   traffic  violations  and  road  accidents,               
conduct investigations  of road  accidents, impose administrative               
penalties,  and   apply  other  measures  of  influence  for  the               
violation of traffic regulations; and                                           
                                                                                
     6) administer examinations and issue certificates conferring               
the right to drive motor vehicles and other forms of transport.                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
         Article 23. Social Assistance to the Community                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall:                                                          
                                                                                
     1) provide emergency assistance to victims of law violations               
and to persons in a helpless state;                                             
                                                                                
     2) ensure  that persons  who are arrested and brought to the               
police are  secure and  are immediately  provided with  necessary               
medical aid;                                                                    
                                                                                
     3) inform  State bodies,  public organisations, and citizens               
about catastrophes,  accidents, and  other  emergency  situations               
which pose a threat to human safety;                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
     4) assist  in the  rescue of people and property in cases of               
natural calamity  and other  emergencies, and shall take measures               
to ensure the safety of the people;                                             
                                                                                
     5) take  custody of  lost documents, objects, valuables, and               
other property  which are  found and  brought to  the police, and               
take measures  to return  the said objects to their lawful owners               
or holders,  and, on  the decision  of the  court, shall  conduct               
searches for debtors;                                                           
                                                                                
     6)  ensure  the  security  of  citizens  who  have  rendered               
assistance to  the law enforcement bodies in the investigation of               
a crime,  or to  the members  of their  families, if  their life,               
health, safety, or property are in jeopardy; and                                
                                                                                
     7) offer other necessary aid to persons in a helpless state.               
                                                                                
                                                                                
         Article 24. Cooperation between Police Branches                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     In maintaining  public order,  preventing  crimes  or  other               
violations of  law, apprehending  offenders, as  well as in other               
cases, all  of the  police branches  shall cooperate  and  render               
thorough reciprocal  assistance without  any  special  orders  or               
directives thereto.                                                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 3                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                         Police Service                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
  Article 25. The Process of Joining and the Legal Regulations                  
                    of Service in the Police                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Citizens of  the Republic  of Lithuania  who are 18 years of               
age or  over, who  have a  command of  the national language, and               
who,   by    their   educational,   professional   and   physical               
qualifications, personal  qualities, and  state  of  health,  are               
capable of  performing the  duties of  a police officer, may join               
the police on a voluntary and selective basis.                                  
                                                                                
     Persons  may   only  join   the  police  after  the  medical               
commission of  the Ministry  of Internal  Affairs certifies  that               
they are  fit for  the service.  Upon joining the service, police               
officers shall take an oath to the State of Lithuania.                          
                                                                                
     Citizens who  join the  police of  the Republic of Lithuania               
for the  first time,  and  who  have  no  specialised  or  higher               
education,  shall  be  given  the  lowest  rank  of  probationary               
policeman, and a probation period of 1 year shall be established.               
                                                                                
     Police officers  may not be members of any political parties               
or political organisations.                                                     
                                                                                
     Service in  the police  shall be  based  on  the  discipline               
prescribed by service regulations.                                              
                                                                                
     The conditions and procedure for service in the police shall               
be established  by: the  Law on  the Police  of the  Republic  of               
Lithuania as  well as  other laws, and the Statute of the Service               
in the  Police, and  the Statute  of the  Police approved  by the               
Government.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Persons who  join the  police of  the Republic  of Lithuania               
after serving  in the  system of internal affairs of the Republic               
of Lithuania or in corresponding services of other countries, may               
have their  years of duty (employment) in the aforesaid positions               
included in  their period  of service and guaranteed long service               
bonus.                                                                          
                                                                                
     In addition  to their  work in  the police,  police officers               
shall only  be permitted  to engage in educational and scientific               
research work,  provided that this does not contradict their serv               
ice interests.                                                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Article 26. The Police Officer's Oath                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Upon entry  into office,  a police  officer shall  take  the               
following oath to the State of Lithuania:                                       
                                                                                
     " With you as witness, I, (name, surname):                                 
                                                                                
     -  swear   to  defend   the  State   of  Lithuania  and  its               
independence, even if it means sacrificing my strength and life;                
                                                                                
     - swear  to conscientiously execute the laws of the Republic               
of Lithuania and the orders of my superiors;                                    
                                                                                
     - swear  to faithfully  implement my  duties and  serve  the               
people and the State of Lithuania; and                                          
                                                                                
     - swear  to refrain  from actions  that might  discredit the               
honor of the police.                                                            
                                                                                
     So help me God."                                                           
                                                                                
     Note. The last sentence may be omitted from the oath.                      
                                                                                
     The  procedure   for  administering   the  oath   shall   be               
established in the Statute of the Service in the Police.                        
                                                                                
     Citizens who  refuse to  take the oath shall not be employed               
in the police.                                                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
                Article 27. Standard Police Ranks                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The following  ranks shall  be established in the police for               
denoting length of service, qualification, and office, as well as               
for regulating the relations between police officers:                           
                                                                                
     - probationary policeman                                                   
     - policeman                                                                
     - chief policeman                                                          
     - first sergeant                                                           
     - junior inspector                                                         
     - inspector                                                                
     - chief inspector                                                          
     - commissar inspector                                                      
     - commissar                                                                
     - senior commissar                                                         
     - chief commissar                                                          
     - commissar general                                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     After passing  a qualification examination (the requirements               
and procedure  of which  shall be  established by the Minister of               
Internal Affairs  of the  Republic of  Lithuania)  and  being  ap               
pointed to  a relevant  office, a  person shall be given a police               
rank.                                                                           
                                                                                
     Police ranks shall be given as follows:                                    
                                                                                
     - the  ranks of probationary policeman through and including               
the rank of first sergeant shall be given by the Commissar of the               
city (district) police or the Commissar General;                                
                                                                                
     - the  ranks of junior inspector through and including chief               
Commissar shall  be given  by the Minister of Internal Affairs of               
the Republic of Lithuania; and                                                  
                                                                                
     - the  rank of Commissar General shall be given by the Prime               
Minister of the Republic of Lithuania.                                          
                                                                                
     Qualification categories  shall be  established for denoting               
the qualification of police officers.                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 Article 28. The Police Uniform                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers,  while on  duty, shall  wear the uniform ap               
proved by  the Government  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania.  The               
uniform shall  bear the  police officer's  name, as  well as  the               
insignia of  the officer's  respective  police  force  (Municipal               
Police officers  shall also  wear the  insignia  of  their  local               
government).                                                                    
                                                                                
     While off duty, police officers may wear civilian clothes.                 
                                                                                
     Cases in which police officers are not required to carry out               
their duty  in uniform  shall be  established by  the Minister of               
Internal Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.                                  
                                                                                
     In uniform,  police officers shall also be permitted to wear               
orders, medals,  and decorations  of other  states. The procedure               
for wearing  said decorations  shall be  established by the Minis               
ter of Internal Affairs.                                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 29. The Dismissal of Police Officers                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers shall be dismissed from service:                           
                                                                                
     - upon their own volition;                                                 
                                                                                
     - upon reaching the established age;                                       
                                                                                
     - for reasons of health;                                                   
                                                                                
     - under the procedure of attestation;                                      
                                                                                
     - in cases specified in the Statute of the Police;                         
                                                                                
     - upon violation of Part 2 of Article 8 of this Law;                       
                                                                                
     - in accordance with a court order or sentence; and                        
                                                                                
     - in  the event  that the  officer loses  citizenship of the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     Disputes concerning dismissal from service shall be resolved               
in court.                                                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 30. The Enlistment of Employees of the Internal Af                   
              fairs System to Perform Police Duties                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
     In the  event of  an exigency  to ensure  public  order  and               
security, police  duties may  be performed  by employees  of  the               
internal affairs  system who  are not  in the  police service, in               
pursuance of  a written  order from the chief officer of a police               
institution. In  such a  case, the  employees of  the internal af               
fairs system  shall be  under the direction of a permanent police               
officer.                                                                        
                                                                                
     While performing  police duties,  employees of  the internal               
affairs system  must wear  an insignia  which  is  clear  to  the               
population and  which shall  be established  by the  Minister  of               
Internal Affairs, who shall also inform the public thereof.                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 Article 31. The Police Reserves                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police  institutions of  the Republic of Lithuania shall               
have police reserves. The police reserves shall consist of police               
officers who  have been  dismissed  from  service  for  objective               
reasons and  upon their  consent, have  been transferred  to  the               
police reserves, as well as citizens of the Republic of Lithuania               
who are  fit for  service  in  the  police,  and  who  pledge  to               
conscientiously and  honestly fulfill  the  duties  entrusted  to               
them.                                                                           
                                                                                
     Persons shall  be selected for the police reserves according               
to the  general requirements  for the  staffing of  the police as               
provided in this Law.                                                           
                                                                                
     Citizens who  are in  the police  reserves shall  be  issued               
standardized certificates,  shall undergo  training, and shall be               
supplied with  clothing and  arms, the  costs  whereof  shall  be               
covered by  the State.  While in  service, they shall perform the               
functions of  police officers,  and shall  have their  rights and               
duties.                                                                         
                                                                                
     The conditions  and procedures  for entrance into the police               
reserves shall  be established  in the  Regulations of the Police               
Reserves of the Republic of Lithuania, which shall be approved by               
the Government.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Police officers  who are  transferred to  the reserves shall               
have the  right to  use the  rank that  they held  at the time of               
discharge, appending the words "in the reserves".                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Article 32. Police Personnel Training                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police personnel shall be trained at special schools.                      
                                                                                
     Persons who have graduated from other institutions of higher               
education and  who leave  their job  for employment in the police               
shall be provided with re training courses.                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 4                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
   The Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of Police Officers                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 33. General and Special Rights and Duties of Police                  
                            Officers                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall have the social, economic, political,               
and personal  rights and  freedoms of citizens of the Republic of               
Lithuania as  consolidated in  the  Provisional  Basic  Law  (the               
Constitution) of the Republic of Lithuania.                                     
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall have general and special professional               
rights and duties.                                                              
                                                                                
     All police  officers shall  have general  rights and duties.               
Special professional  rights and  duties shall  be  conferred  to               
police officers  who are performing certain functions established               
by this Law.                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 34. General Professional Rights of Police Officers                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Each police officer shall have the right to:                               
                                                                                
     1. demand  that citizens and officials who are violating law               
and order  cease their  unlawful actions, as well as to use force               
after all persuasive measures have proved to be ineffective;                    
                                                                                
     2. check  personal documents  upon suspecting that a citizen               
or official  has violated  the  law  and  notifying  that  person               
thereof;                                                                        
                                                                                
     3. bring  offenders to the police or other official premises               
and, for no longer than three hours, hold them for the purpose of               
establishing their  identity, drawing  up records, statements and               
reports, and examining their person and possessions;                            
                                                                                
     4. use,  in cases  provided in  this Law,  firearms, special               
equipment, and methods of combat wrestling;                                     
                                                                                
     5. enter,  at any  time of day, the premises of enterprises,               
institutions, organisations,  cooperatives,  and  the  homes  and               
businesses of citizens, as well as to halt and enter any means of               
transportation,  while   in  pursuit   of  criminal  suspects  or               
absconding criminals,  or in  an attempt  to prevent a crime from               
being committed.  If such  actions are  met  with  resistance,  a               
police officer  shall have  the right  to use  force to  open the               
premises or means of transportation in question. A police officer               
shall also  be granted  this right  in the  event  of  a  natural               
calamity  or   catastrophe.  The  Prosecutor's  Office  shall  be               
notified without delay of such actions;                                         
                                                                                
     6. temporarily  restrict or suspend traffic, pedestrians, or               
road work  which is  in progress, in the event that the safety of               
people and transportation is being threatened; and                              
                                                                                
     7.  use,   without  intervention  and  without  charge,  all               
vehicles belonging  to enterprises,  institutions, organisations,               
cooperatives,  and  citizens,  with  the  exception  of  vehicles               
belonging to  diplomatic or  consular representatives, when going               
                                                                                
to the  scene of an incident, pursuing criminals, or transporting               
persons in need of urgent medical aid.                                          
                                                                                
     In case  of official  exigency, police  officers shall  have               
priority  in   the  acquisition  of  tickets  for  all  means  of               
transportation; when all tickets are sold out they shall have the               
right to board all means of transportation;                                     
                                                                                
     8. use,  in cases  of  emergency,  communication  facilities               
owned by  enterprises, institutions,  organisations, and citizens               
without charge; and                                                             
                                                                                
     9. seize,  in the procedure established by law, firearms, am               
munition, explosives, narcotics, and other objects and substances               
subject to  license regulations from organisations or citizens if               
the said  object or  substance is being kept or used in violation               
of regulations.                                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 35. General Professional Duties of Police Officers                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     A police officer, at all times and places, must:                           
                                                                                
     1. take  urgent measures,  upon witnessing  a crime  or  any               
other violation  of the  law being committed, or upon receiving a               
report from  a citizen  or an  officer concerning such an act, to               
stop the crime or violation that is being committed;                            
                                                                                
     2. take measures to apprehend persons guilty of committing a               
socially harmful  act and  to bring  then to police quarters upon               
receiving a  report from  a citizen  or  officer  concerning  the               
commission of such a crime or other violation of the law;                       
                                                                                
     3. report  information concerning  socially harmful  acts to               
the police  upon the  knowledge of  such an act, take measures to               
protect the scene of the incident, and ascertain witnesses of the               
crime;                                                                          
                                                                                
     4. ensure the protection of the rights, legal interests, and               
health of persons who are arrested or brought to police quarters,               
and provide  first aid  to victims  of law violations and persons               
who are in a helpless state;                                                    
                                                                                
     5. take  all possible  measures  to  save  the  property  of               
citizens,   the    State,   public   organisations,   and   other               
organisations in  the event  of  natural  calamity,  catastrophe,               
accidents, or other emergency situations;                                       
                                                                                
     6. identify  himself  (herself)  while  performing  official               
duties. In the event that a police officer does not have a police               
insignia, or  upon a  personal request,  the officer must present               
his or  her  official  identification  card.  Actions  of  police               
officers which  temporarily restrict the rights of citizens shall               
be accompanied  by the  words "In  the name  of the Law". In such               
cases, all private persons and officers must unconditionally obey               
and carry out the demands of the police officer; and                            
                                                                                
     7. refrain  from divulging  information  of  a  confidential               
nature,  unless  the  execution  of  official  duties  or  rights               
requires otherwise.                                                             
                                                                                
     In carrying  out all  of their  duties, police officers must               
respect and  preserve the  dignity of the people, and must ensure               
and protect their rights and freedoms.                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 36. The Rights of Police Officers in the Prevention                  
               of Crime and Violations of the Law                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
     While preventing law violations, a police officer shall have               
the right:                                                                      
                                                                                
     1. to take intoxicated persons from public places or dens to               
"sobering up"  stations (or  in the  absence of such stations, to               
police quarters),  if such persons are unable to move, are liable               
to harm  themselves  or  the  people  around  them,  or  are  the               
potential victims of crime;                                                     
                                                                                
     2. to  summon to  police  quarters  and  officially  caution               
persons for inadmissible antisocial behaviour;                                  
                                                                                
     3. while  conducting administrative  surveillance, to enter,               
at any  time of  day, the  permanent or  temporary  residence  of               
persons under  administrative surveillance,  to summon  and bring               
such persons  to police  quarters, and to supervise their actions               
in  order   to  confirm   that  they   comply  with  the  imposed               
restrictions;                                                                   
                                                                                
     4. while  monitoring immigration  regulations and  the  pass               
system at  the State border, to enter a person's residence from 6               
a.m. to  10 p.m.,  to request personal documents, and to write up               
records of administrative violations;                                           
                                                                                
     5. to  take photographs  and make audio and video recordings               
of   persons   under   administrative   arrest,   persons   under               
administrative surveillance,  and persons  who are  on the police               
prevention register;  to fingerprint  persons suspected of having               
committed a crime or of being vagrants;                                         
                                                                                
     6. to  detain and deliver vagrants to reception distribution               
centres, and  to fingerprint  and photograph detained persons who               
have no  personal documents  and whose  identity is impossible to               
establish in  any other  way; to  carry out, in the presence of a               
physician, bodily  examinations in  order to establish a person's               
distinguishing features.  When necessary,  a police officer shall               
have the right to take handwriting samples of such persons and to               
seize items which might help to establish the person's identity;                
                                                                                
     7. before  boarding, to  carry out  security checks on plane               
passengers, their  baggage, and  cabin  luggage;  to  deter  from               
boarding  persons   who  refuse  to  present  their  luggage  for               
inspection, persons  who show  invalid or  forged documents,  and               
persons carrying  prohibited items on board; to write up a report               
on administrative law violations;                                               
                                                                                
     8. to  bring drug  addicts,  prostitutes,  homosexuals,  and               
other persons  who are  on  the  medical  institution  or  police               
prevention  registers  to  medical  institutions  for  compulsory               
venereal disease and AIDS testing; and                                          
                                                                                
     9. to  visit  persons  who  are  on  the  police  prevention               
register at  their homes or to summon them to police quarters for               
discussions concerning the prevention of law violations.                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
        Article 37. The Rights of Police Officers in the                        
            Apprehension and Investigation of Crimes                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     While investigating a crime, a police officer shall have the               
right:                                                                          
                                                                                
     1. to  check statements  and reports  concerning planned  or               
perpetrated crimes;                                                             
                                                                                
     2. to detain and arrest criminal suspects in accordance with               
the established procedures;                                                     
                                                                                
     3. while  possessing information  about a crime or any other               
violation of the law that has been committed, is being committed,               
or is planned:                                                                  
                                                                                
     a) to inspect the economic financial (and other) activities,               
the state  of protection  of material  valuables and  goods,  the               
legitimacy of  their acquisition,  production,  utilization,  and               
sale, and  the premises  of production, administration, and other               
spheres  (including   sealed  premises)   of   all   enterprises,               
institutions, and organisations;                                                
                                                                                
     b) in  accordance with the procedures established by law, to               
inspect  vehicles   entering  or   leaving   the   territory   of               
enterprises, institutions,  and organisations,  as  well  as  the               
goods  and   items  carried   by  personal   or  State  means  of               
transportation;                                                                 
                                                                                
     c) to  order inventory  and auditing;  to suspend production               
upon coordination with the manager or owner of the enterprise, or               
upon  receipt  of  permission  from  the  chief  officer  of  the               
territorial subdivision  of  the  National  Police;  to  examine,               
review and  seize documents  concerning book  keeping, personnel,               
inspections and  audits (and other documents), as well as samples               
of raw materials, products, and goods (and other items);                        
                                                                                
     d) to enlist relevant specialists, and to request and obtain               
information  and  explanatory  statements  concerning  crimes  or               
violations  from   managers,  officers,   and  persons   who  are               
materially responsible (and others); and                                        
                                                                                
     e) to  wait in ambush and, in the manner established by law,               
to inspect motor vehicles and other forms of transport, citizens,               
and their  personal luggage  at both  mobile or  permanent  check               
posts;                                                                          
                                                                                
     4. to freely enter the premises of all types of enterprises,               
institutions, and  organisations during working hours; during non               
working hours,  to enter  said premises  with  an  administrative               
representative, a  representative of  the owner,  or the owner of               
the enterprise, institution, or organisation;                                   
                                                                                
     5. to  commission criminalistical (and other) investigations               
and examinations; and                                                           
                                                                                
     6. within  his or her powers, to perform other legal actions               
provided for in the Law on Criminal Procedure.                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
   Article 38. The Rights of Police Officers in the Protection                  
     of Public Peace and Order and Civil Rights and Freedoms                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
     While protecting  public peace  and order  and  safeguarding               
civil rights,  freedoms, and  safety, a police officer shall have               
the right:                                                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
     1. to  demand that  citizens and officials who are violating               
law and  order cease  their unlawful  actions, and  to give  such               
persons official notice if necessary;                                           
                                                                                
     2. to  carry and  use,  in  cases  specified  in  this  law,               
firearms and  other special police equipment while in the line of               
duty;                                                                           
                                                                                
     3. to  check the  documents of  citizens  or  officials  who               
violate public  order or who are suspects of a crime or any other               
violation of the law;                                                           
                                                                                
     4. to suspend work in progress, to limit or ban traffic, and               
to restrict  entry into  or occupancy  of a  certain territory or               
premises if  the environment, public order, or safety of citizens               
is being endangered;                                                            
                                                                                
     5. to  demand that the organizers of mass public events take               
measures to ensure the safety of the participants and spectators,               
and to ban, interrupt, or restrict such events if the demands are               
not complied with; and                                                          
                                                                                
     6. within  the limits  of his  or her powers, to monitor the               
compliance with environmental protection regulations of legal and               
natural persons.                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 39. The Rights of Police Officers in                          
                      Ensuring Road Safety                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
     In attempting  to ensure road safety, a police officer shall               
have the right:                                                                 
                                                                                
     1. to stop motor vehicles or other forms of transport and to               
check the documents of the driver, the vehicle, and the load;                   
                                                                                
     2. to  suspend driving  rights of persons suspected of being               
under the  influence of  alcohol, drugs,  or other medication, as               
well as  of persons  who do  not have  the right to drive a motor               
vehicle or  other form  of transport,  and to use instruments for               
determining intoxication  as provided for in the standard acts or               
to bring the suspected drivers to a medical institution.                        
                                                                                
     Refusal to  go to  a medical  institution to  determine  the               
degree of  intoxication shall  be considered  as  an  irrefutable               
confirmation that the suspect is intoxicated;                                   
                                                                                
     3.  to   summon  persons   guilty  of   infringing   traffic               
regulations, persons involved in road accidents, and witnesses of               
such accidents to police headquarters;                                          
                                                                                
     4. to  seize drivers' documents and motor vehicle (and other               
forms  of   transport)  registration   documents,  and  to  issue               
standardized temporary documents;                                               
                                                                                
     5. to  suspend persons  whose health  poses a threat to road               
safety from  driving  motor  vehicles  or  other  forms  of  road               
transport, and  to refer  such persons  to supplementary  medical               
examinations;                                                                   
                                                                                
     6. to  revoke driving rights and impose other administrative               
penalties for the infringement of traffic regulations;                          
                                                                                
     7. to  change, restrict,  or ban  traffic in order to ensure               
road safety or to improve traffic conditions; and                               
                                                                                
     8. to  prohibit the  exploitation of motor vehicles or other               
forms of  road transport  if  their  construction  or  mechanical               
conditions are not in compliance with the traffic regulations and               
the norms  and standards  of road  traffic that are in effect, as               
well as  when the  numbers of the engine, body, or chassis do not               
correspond  with   the  numbers   recorded  in  the  registration               
documents, and  to bring  such motor  vehicles and other forms of               
transport to police headquarters.                                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 40. Responsibility of Police Officers                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall be  personally liable  for their  own               
actions and decisions, and the consequences thereof.                            
                                                                                
     Police officers  who violate  the requirements of law in the               
execution of their duties shall, in accordance with the procedure               
established by  law, be  subject to disciplinary, administrative,               
material, or  criminal liability,  depending on the nature of the               
violation.                                                                      
                                                                                
     A  police   officer  who  knowingly  executes  an  order  or               
directive which  is criminal or unlawful shall not be relieved of               
responsibility.                                                                 
                                                                                
     The State  shall fully  compensate for damage inflicted on a               
citizen by  the unlawful  official actions  of a  police officer,               
regardless of  the police officer's guilt, in accordance with the               
procedure established  for the  compensation for damage caused by               
unlawful actions  of bodies  of inquiry  and  investigation,  the               
prosecutor, and the court.                                                      
                                                                                
     Police officers who act in accordance with the lawful powers               
granted to  them shall  not  be  held  responsible  for  damages,               
provided that  the legal  limits  of  criminal  arrest  were  not               
exceeded thereby.                                                               
                                                                                
     Lithuanian Police  Academy  cadets  who  are  expelled  must               
reimburse the  Academy for  all expenses and training costs. This               
shall also  apply to  cadets who, on a competitive basis, fail to               
proceed to a higher level, and refuse to work in the police force               
for an established period of time.                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 5                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
 Police Firearms and Special Equipment and the Conditions of the                
                       Utilization Thereof                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
      Article 41. The Objectives and Restrictions of Using                      
                 Firearms and Special Equipment                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The police shall have the right to keep and, pursuant to the               
conditions provided  for in this Law, to use firearms and special               
equipment.                                                                      
                                                                                
     The police shall use firearms and special equipment in order               
to stop  activities which  endanger society,  or to apprehend the               
perpetrators of  such actions  and  bring  them  to  police  head               
quarters. Firearms  and special  police equipment  shall only  be               
used for the purposes established by law.                                       
                                                                                
     In using  firearms and  special equipment,  police  officers               
shall take  into consideration  the nature  of the law violation,               
the  offender,   as  well   as  the  concrete  circumstances  and               
situation. While  employing firearms or special equipment, police               
officers must  take all  possible measures  to avoid  detrimental               
consequences.                                                                   
                                                                                
     When circumstances  allow, police officers must warn persons               
beforehand of  their intent  to use firearms or special equipment               
against them,  except in cases specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of               
Article 43 of this Law. Firearms shall only be employed after all               
other available  methods have been used, or when such methods can               
not be used due to a lack of time.                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 42. Conditions for the Utilization of Firearms                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     A police  officer shall  have  the  right  to  use  firearms               
against persons,  animals, motor  vehicles, and  other  forms  of               
transportation.                                                                 
                                                                                
     A police  officer shall  have  the  right  to  use  firearms               
against a person in the following cases:                                        
                                                                                
     1. when  his or  her health  or life  is in  danger,  or  to               
prevent his or her firearm from being seized;                                   
                                                                                
     2. to  defend other  persons from  an attack which threatens               
their health  or life,  as well  as to free persons who have been               
kidnaped or taken hostage;                                                      
                                                                                
     3. to repel an armed attack;                                               
                                                                                
     4. while  in pursuit  of a  criminal suspect, if the suspect               
uses or  attempts  to  use  a  firearm,  weapon,  or  other  life               
threatening object,  implement, or  method in an attempt to evade               
arrest;                                                                         
                                                                                
     5. to  apprehend a  person caught in the act of committing a               
serious offence,  provided that  the person cannot be apprehended               
in any other way;                                                               
                                                                                
     6. while  attempting to  apprehend an  arrested or convicted               
person, if  the person  has escaped, or is trying to escape, from               
the place  of imprisonment, or from the place of detention before               
trial or while being transported;                                               
                                                                                
     7. in the event of a mass prison escape or riot; and                       
                                                                                
     8. in  the event  that a  police guard  or specially guarded               
facility is  attacked; the  list  of  such  facilities  shall  be               
determined by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.                      
                                                                                
     The use  of firearms  against a  person and the consequences               
thereof shall be reported to the prosecutor immediately.                        
                                                                                
     The use of firearms shall be prohibited: in public gathering               
places, if  it endangers  innocent people;  against citizens  who               
have young children with them; against women, minors, and persons               
who are  visibly disabled,  except in  cases  when  said  persons               
attack or resist with firearms themselves.                                      
                                                                                
     A police  officer shall  have  the  right  to  use  firearms               
against transport  if the  driver refuses to stop upon an obvious               
and express  demand that  is made  suitably in  advance,  and  if               
traffic safety  or other  people are  endangered by  the person's               
driving.                                                                        
                                                                                
     A police  officer may  shoot an  animal if it is attacking a               
person or if it is dangerous to the residents.                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
          Article 43. Special Police Equipment and the                          
                    Conditions of Use Thereof                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police shall  be permitted  to possess and use the following               
special equipment  and methods:  rubber truncheons, handcuffs and               
restraining devices,  methods of  combat  wrestling,  gas,  water               
cannons, police dogs, methods of stopping transport by force, and               
other means:                                                                    
                                                                                
     1. rubber  truncheons  may  be  used  in  the  circumstances               
specified in  paragraphs 1 8 of Part 2 of Article 42 of this Law,               
as well  as during  the apprehension of persons who are violating               
public order, if such persons resist the police officer or refuse               
to obey his or her demands;                                                     
                                                                                
     2. handcuffs and restraining devices may be used:                          
                                                                                
     - in  the apprehension  and transportation  to  police  head               
quarters of persons guilty of committing socially dangerous acts,               
if there are reasonable grounds to believe that such persons will               
resist the police officer or attempt to escape detention;                       
                                                                                
     - while  transporting persons  who  have  been  detained  or               
arrested; and                                                                   
                                                                                
     - when citizens, as a result of their dangerous actions, may               
potentially inflict harm on themselves or on others;                            
                                                                                
     3. methods of combat wrestling may be used:                                
                                                                                
     - in  the apprehension  and transportation  to  police  head               
quarters of persons guilty of committing socially dangerous acts,               
if such  persons resist  or attempt  to escape detention by other               
actions; and                                                                    
                                                                                
     - when  persons intentionally refuse to carry out the lawful               
demands of  a police  officer or resist a police officer's lawful               
actions;                                                                        
                                                                                
     4. gas may be used for personal protection in cases provided               
for in paragraph 1 of Article 43 of this Law;                                   
                                                                                
     - special purpose gas may be used:                                         
                                                                                
     - in  the event of mass riots or group actions which grossly               
violate public order; and                                                       
                                                                                
     - when apprehending and forcing persons guilty of committing               
socially   dangerous    acts   to   abandon   certain   premises,               
motorvehicles, or other forms of transport;                                     
                                                                                
     5. water  cannons may  be used in the event of mass riots or               
group actions which grossly violate public order;                               
                                                                                
     6. police dogs may be used:                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     - in the pursuit of criminal suspects who have fled from the               
scene of the crime;                                                             
                                                                                
     - when  apprehending persons who have escaped from places of               
confinement, from  places of  detention before trial, while being               
transported under guard, or during interrogation;                               
                                                                                
     - when  apprehending persons guilty of committing a crime or               
of grossly violating public order;                                              
                                                                                
     - during  mass riots  or group actions which grossly violate               
public order; and                                                               
                                                                                
     - when  police officers  are defending themselves, citizens,               
or guarded objects from assault.                                                
                                                                                
     7. means of stopping transport by force may be used when the               
driver refuses  to stop  upon a  police officer's  demand, or  in               
regard to a special road sign.                                                  
                                                                                
     It shall  be prohibited  to  use  special  police  equipment               
against  children,  pregnant  women,  women  with  children,  and               
persons who  are visibly  disabled, except  in  cases  when  said               
persons are themselves the attackers.                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 6                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Social Guarantees of Police Officers                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 Article 44. Housing Provisions                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall be  provided with  flats according to               
the procedures  established in the effective laws of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
     Employees of  enterprises, institutions,  and  organisations               
who are  on the  waiting list for acquiring a flat at their place               
of employment  shall have their waiting list position transferred               
to the appropriate town (district) local government waiting list,               
according to their place of residence, upon joining the police of               
the Republic of Lithuania.                                                      
                                                                                
     Persons who  quit their  job to  join the  police may not be               
evicted, by  reason thereof,  from official  dwelling premises or               
hostels without being provided with another dwelling place.                     
                                                                                
     Officers of  certain police  branches may  be provided  with               
official flats  according to  the procedure  established  by  the               
Government.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall be  entitled to  rent deductions  and               
reliefs which  shall be  reimbursed by State and local government               
funds appropriated for financing the social needs of police.                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
           Article 45. Remuneration of Police Officers                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The salary  of police  officers shall  comprise their  basic               
salary  (monthly  wages)  calculated  according  to  their  rank,               
qualification  category,  and  length  of  service,  as  well  as               
additional allowances  (in accordance  with the  Labour Code) for               
working on  days  off,  holidays,  at  night,  and  overtime.  In               
addition, police  officers shall  be paid supplementary wages for               
the place  and conditions  of service  and  for  knowledge  of  a               
foreign  language,   as  well   as  family   allowances,  special               
commissions for  secret work,  relocation  allowances,  one  time               
benefits, and other payments.                                                   
                                                                                
     The  amount   of  basic   salaries,  additional  allowances,               
compensations, benefits,  and other  payments,  as  well  as  the               
procedures for  calculating the  rate thereof, shall be regulated               
by law and shall be established by the Government of the Republic               
on the recommendation of the Minister of Internal Affairs.                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
               Article 46. Police Officer Pensions                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The  State   shall  guarantee  social  security  for  police               
officers who become disabled in the line of duty.                               
                                                                                
     The State  shall guarantee  accident  insurance  for  police               
officers serving in the police of the Republic of Lithuania.                    
                                                                                
     The amount  of pension  and scope of social guarantees shall               
be established  by the laws of the Republic of Lithuania, and the               
procedures for  application thereof  shall be  established by the               
Government of the Republic of Lithuania.                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 47. Other Social Guarantees of Police Officers                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     A police  officer's work  week shall consist of 40 hours. If               
necessary, the  chief officer  of an  organ of  the police may as               
sign  working   hours  to   police  officers   which  exceed  the               
established  standard   work  week.  They  shall  be  remunerated               
therefor in the procedure established in Article 45 of this Law.                
                                                                                
     Annual vacation  time shall  be established in relation to a               
police officer's  length of  service in the police (the system of               
internal affairs) as follows:                                                   
                                                                                
     - up to 10 years   30 calendar days;                                       
                                                                                
     - from 10 to 15 years   35 calendar days;                                  
                                                                                
     - from 15 to 20 years   40 calendar days; and                              
                                                                                
     - over 20 years   45 calendar days.                                        
                                                                                
     On the  territory  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  police               
officers may  use public transportation (i.e. city, suburban, and               
inter  city   transportation  for  distances  not  exceeding  100               
kilometres) free  of charge,  with the exception of air transport               
and taxi cabs.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall be  entitled to reimbursement for the               
costs of  medication, sanatorium  vouchers, and medical treatment               
at sanatoriums  from State  Social Insurance  funds, according to               
the procedures established in the Law on State Social Insurance.                
                                                                                
     The specifics of police officer health protection and social               
insurance shall  be controlled  in  accordance  with  regulations               
approved by the Ministers of Internal Affairs, Health, and Social               
Security.                                                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
            Article 48. Police Officer Compensations                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
     In the event that a police officer dies in the line of duty,               
his  or  her  family  shall  be  paid  a  one  time  compensation               
equivalent to the ten year (120 months) salary of the deceased.                 
                                                                                
     A police  officer who  sustains personal  injuries  on  duty               
shall be  compensated  the  equivalent  of  one  to  five  yearly               
salaries (from  12 to  60 monthly  salaries),  depending  on  the               
gravity of the sustained injury.                                                
                                                                                
     Police officers  shall be  compensated for  material damages               
encountered during service in the police.                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 7                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
             Police Financing and Material Technical                            
                           Provisions                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
             Article 49. The Financing of the Police                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The National  Police shall be financed from the State budget               
of the Republic of Lithuania.                                                   
                                                                                
     The Municipal  Police shall  be financed  from the State and               
local government  budgets. From  their budgets, local governments               
shall ensure  the payment  of salaries to Municipal Police staff,               
and the  reimbursement for  police station  maintenance expenses.               
Funds from the State budget of the Republic of Lithuania shall be               
appropriated for  remunerating police  officers in cases provided               
for  in   this  Law,   for  compensating  damages,  for  covering               
maintenance expenses  of the  national  staff  of  the  Municipal               
Police, and  for financing  centralized material technical supply               
for police stations.                                                            
                                                                                
     For the  expansion of  police staff,  the development of the               
technical bases  of  subdivisions,  the  provision  of  financial               
incentives for  personnel,  and  the  improvement  of  employees'               
living conditions, the following funds shall also be used:                      
                                                                                
     1. funds  acquired from  all enterprises,  institutions, and               
organisations, as well as from citizens;                                        
                                                                                
     2. funds acquired under contract for police services; and                  
                                                                                
     3. funds acquired from fines and other sources.                            
                                                                                
     The procedure  for appropriating  funds required  for police               
force maintenance  into the  State and  local government  budgets               
shall be  established  by  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
    Article 50. Material Technical Provisions for the Police                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Material  technical   provisions  for  subdivisions  of  the               
National Police shall be financed from the funds appropriated for               
their maintenance.                                                              
                                                                                
     Local governments  shall provide territorial subdivisions of               
the National  and Municipal Police with premises according to the               
general  procedure,  and  shall  ensure  heating,  lighting,  and               
general and technical maintenance on the said premises.                         
                                                                                
     Subdivisions of  the transport police shall be provided with               
premises,  equipment,   and  communication   facilities  by   the               
departments serviced by them.                                                   
                                                                                
     The Ministry  of Internal Affairs shall provide subdivisions               
of the  police with  means of transportation, uniforms, firearms,               
ammunition,   special   police   equipment,   clerical   workers,               
operational, communication,  information, and other equipment, as               
well as other means required for their work.                                    
                                                                                
Kazimieras Motieka                                                              
Vice President                                                                  
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
11 December 1990                                                                
No. I-851