SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                          
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                                                                                
                      ON POLITICAL PARTIES                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 1.  Only a  citizen of  Lithuania who  possesses  an               
active voting  right may  be  a  member  of  a  political  party.               
Citizens of Lithuania can belong to only one political party at a               
time.                                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 2. Political parties function in accordance with the               
Provisional Basic  Law, this  law, and other laws of the Republic               
of Lithuania,  and conduct  their  activity  according  to  party               
charters registered in the established manner.                                  
     Political parties,  their subdivisions  and organisations of               
other countries  may not  be established  and may not function on               
the territory of the Republic of Lithuania.                                     
     The establishment  or activity  of political  parties  whose               
program documents propagate and whose activities practice racial,               
religious,  social   class  inequality  and  hatred,  methods  of               
authoritarian or totalitarian rule, methods of forcible (violent)               
seizure of power, war, and violent propaganda, violation of human               
rights and  freedoms, or  other ideas or actions which contradict               
the constitutional  order of  the Republic  of Lithuania  and are               
incompatible with  universally recognized  norms of international               
law, is strictly forbidden.                                                     
     Leading  party   institutions  must   operate  only  on  the               
territory of the Republic of Lithuania.                                         
                                                                                
     Article 3.  In order  to found  a political party, the party               
must have  no less  than four  hundred members  in  Lithuania,  a               
charter approved  by a  party conference, a party program, and an               
elected leadership.                                                             
     The party  program and  charter of the founded party may not               
contradict the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                               
                                                                                
     Article 4.  Political parties  shall be  registered  by  the               
Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania. The Ministry of               
Justice of  the Republic  of Lithuania  shall register  political               
parties no  later than one month after receiving the minutes of a               
party conference  or  meeting  if  there  are  no  violations  of               
Articles 1, 2, or 3 of this law.                                                
     The name  and symbols of the registered political party must               
differ from the names and symbols of parties already registered.                
     If registration  is refused,  the founders of that political               
party must  be informed  of such  a decision no later than within               
three days, in writing, indicating the reasons for refusal.                     
     Political parties must inform the Ministry of Justice of the               
Republic of  Lithuania of  any changes  to its  charter or  party               
program within  15 days  of such changes, by filing the documents               
specified in this Article with the Ministry.                                    
     If  a   political  party  changes  its  name,  it  shall  be               
reregistered in the manner established by this law.                             
     Political parties  and organisations  listed in  the party's               
charter shall  be  legal  persons  from  the  day  the  party  is               
registered.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 5.  The Ministry  of  Justice  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania shall  suspend activities  of a  political party  if it               
violates the  Provisional Basic  Law of the Republic of Lithuania               
or this law.                                                                    
     The Ministry  of Justice,  after learning  of a violation of               
the law,  shall inform, in writing, the leading institutions of a               
political party,  indicating what provisions of the law have been               
violated  and  setting  the  time  for  the  elimination  of  the               
violation.   If the  violation is not eliminated by the set time,               
the activities of the political party shall be suspended.                       
     During an  election campaign,  the activities of a political               
party may  only be suspended by the Supreme Court of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
     After the suspension of activities of a political party, the               
party shall  be forbidden  to use  any  and  all  media  of  mass               
information,  conduct  campaigning  or  propaganda  activity,  or               
participate in elections.                                                       
     The activities of a political party may not be suspended for               
a period  longer than  six months.  If a political party does not               
eliminate  legal   violations  after  its  activities  have  been               
suspended or if, within a year after the date its activities were               
suspended,  it  again  violates  the  laws  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, its activities shall be suspended for one year.                      
     After eliminating  legal violations, a political party shall               
notify the  Ministry of  Justice of the Republic of Lithuania [of               
this fact], and the Ministry, within five days of the receipt                   
of such  notification, shall permit the political party to resume               
its activities.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Article  6.   Activities  of  a  political  party  shall  be               
suspended if:                                                                   
     (1) the party itself discontinues its activity in the manner               
provided by its charter;                                                        
     (2) the Supreme Court orders the suspension of activities of               
a political party.                                                              
                                                                                
     Article 7.  After a  motion of  the Ministry of Justice, the               
Supreme Court  of the  Republic of Lithuania has the authority to               
order the  suspension of  the activities of a political party, if               
after a  repeated suspension  of its activities within a year the               
party shall violate the Provisional Basic Law or this law.                      
                                                                                
     Article 8.  Refusal to  register a  political party   or the               
suspension of its activities may be appealed to the Supreme Court               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania; (the  Court) will  rule [on  this               
case] within 3 days, giving it special judicial preference.                     
                                                                                
     Article 9.  All political  parties on  the territory  of the               
Republic shall  function freely  and independently. State bodies,               
enterprises, institutions,  and organisations,  as well as public               
organisations and  officials shall  be prohibited to interfere in               
the internal  affairs of  a political party.  Persons interfering               
in the functioning of a political party shall be held accountable               
according to the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                             
     State bodies,  enterprises, institutions, and organisations,               
as well  as public  organisations, other  political parties,  and               
also private  persons must  compensate a  political party for any               
material or moral damage inflicted on it by illegal action.                     
                                                                                
     Article 10.  The structure of a political party organisation               
shall  be  based  on  the  principle  of  territorial  divisions.               
Political party  organisations may not be established or function               
in work collectives.                                                            
     Officers or non-commisioned officers of the defence force of               
the Republic  of Lithuania, personnel of the services of internal               
affairs or  state security  institutions, judges, procurators, or               
interrogators may not be members of political parties.                          
     Party membership  of persons  called for  defense service or               
persons approved  by the Supreme Council or the Government of the               
Republic  of  Lithuania  for  positions  in  the  Departments  of               
National Defense  or State  Security, the  Ministry  of  Internal               
Affairs, the  Procuracy-General,  as  well  as  officers  of  the               
                                                                                
Department of State Control,  shall be suspended for the duration               
of their service or employment.                                                 
     Persons whose  membership in  a  political  party  has  been               
suspended may not vote or be elected to the organisational bodies               
of  a  political  party,    nor  may  such  persons  execute  the               
directives of their party.                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 11. Political parties shall be entitled to ownership               
of buildings,  equipment, publishing  houses,  printing  offices,               
means of  transportation, and  other property  necessary for  the               
fulfillment of objectives established in their charters.                        
     The rights  of  ownership  of  political  parties  shall  be               
regulated by laws of the Republic  of Lithuania.                                
     Political parties  shall be  entitled to  use buildings  and               
other property  in accordance with lease contracts concluded with               
state and public organisations, enterprises and private persons.                
     The capital of political parties shall consist of membership               
fees, proceeds from publishing activities, donations from private               
citizens or public organisations, and other proceeds derived from               
legal sources.                                                                  
     Bodies of  state power  and government,  state  enterprises,               
offices, or  organisations have no right in any form or manner to               
finance political  parties,  their  organisations,  deputies,  or               
groups which represent political parties.                                       
     Political parties  may not  receive finances  or  any  other               
funds given  by governmental  institutions of  other countries or               
their organisations or financial foundations.                                   
     Political parties  may receive  finances or  other resources               
from international organisations, non-governmental organisations,               
financial foundations,  or persons,  only according to procedures               
established by laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                               
     Any  finances   or  assets   obtained  illegally   shall  be               
transferred to  the property  of the  Republic of  Lithuania by a               
decision of the court.                                                          
     A party  member  is  not  entitled  to  ownership  of  party               
property  and  is  not  responsible  for  the  liabilities  of  a               
political party.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 12.  Political parties  represented in  the  Supreme               
Council of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  shall  be  entitled  to               
subsidies from  the State  Budget of the Republic of Lithuania in               
accordance with the procedure established by law.                               
                                                                                
     Article 13.  Financial activities of political parties shall               
be monitored by financial institutions of the Republic.                         
     Political parties  shall file  a declaration on their annual               
financial activity  with financial  institutions each fiscal year               
and make  the budget revenue and its resources, expenditures, and               
its appropriation  available to  the public  no later  than on or               
before 1 February of the proceeding year.                                       
                                                                                
     Article 14.  All political parties shall be equally entitled               
to  participate  in  the  election  of  government  institutions.               
During elections,  all candidates  to the post of deputy shall be               
provided with  equal opportunities to use the mass media, free of               
charge, in accordance with procedures established by the Election               
Law of the Republic of Lithuania.                                               
     Central institutions  of political  parties shall  have  the               
right to legislative initiative.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 15.  Political parties  shall be  entitled  to  form               
coalitions, unions, and electoral blocks.                                       
                                                                                
     Article 16.  Political parties  shall be  entitled  to  free               
vocal or  written dissemination of information on their activity,               
to propagate its ideas, goals, and programs.                                    
     Political parties shall have the right to establish media of               
mass information, with the exception of radio and television, and               
also, in  conformity with established regulations, to make use of               
the of the state press and other mass media.                                    
                                                                                
     Article 17.  In accordance  with procedures  established  by               
laws of  the Republic  of Lithuania,  political parties  have the               
right to  hold rallies,  demonstrations, meetings, and other mass               
events.                                                                         
                                                                                
     Article 18.  A political  party  which  by  illegal  actions               
inflicts material  or moral damage to the state, its enterprises,               
institutions, organisations,  other political  parties or  public               
organisations, must compensate for such damage from its resources               
in accordance  with procedures  established by  the laws  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 19.  Political parties  have the  right to  maintain               
relations with  political parties  of other countries, as well as               
international and other organisations.                                          
                                                                                
     Article 20.  The Ministry  of Justice  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania shall  monitor the compliance of political parties with               
the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.  The Procurator-General of               
the Republic  of Lithuania  has the right to suspend or terminate               
the functioning  of a  political  party.  Political  parties  may               
appeal for  the suspension  or termination  of the functioning of               
other political parties.                                                        
     Demands or  appeals to  suspend or terminate the functioning               
of a  political party  must be considered within a month from the               
receipt thereof.                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
Vytautas Landsbergis                                                            
                                                                                
President                                                                       
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
                                                                                
25 September 1990                                                               
No. I-606