REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                    
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                                                                                
                    ON THE STATUS OF A DEPUTY                                   
       OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 1                                           
                                                                                
                        General Provisions                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
 Article 1. The Deputy as a Representative of the State                         
                                                                                
 A  deputy is  a member  of the  Supreme Council  -- the  supreme               
governmental body -- and represents the people of Lithuania.                    
 A Deputy's activities are governed by the Provisional Basic Law,               
by this  law and  other  laws,  by  resolutions  of  the  Supreme               
Council, and by his or her own conscience.                                      
                                                                                
     Article 2. The Oath of Office                                              
                                                                                
     A deputy of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania               
who is elected President, Vice President, Secretary, or member of               
the Presidium  of the Supreme Council, or to other official posts               
of the Supreme Council during the sitting of the first session of               
the Supreme  Council shall publicly and solemnly swear allegiance               
to the Republic of Lithuania as follows:                                        
                                                                                
     "I (name,surname), in your presence, swear to be faithful to               
the Republic of Lithuania;                                                      
     I swear  to respect  and uphold  its laws,  to  protect  the               
integrity of its territory;                                                     
     I swear  to  the  best  of  my  ability  to  strengthen  the               
independence of  Lithuania,  to  faithfully  serve  my  Homeland,               
Democracy, and  the good  of the  people of Lithuania. So help me               
God."                                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 3. Term of office                                                  
                                                                                
     A deputy's  term of  office shall be 5 years commencing from               
the day  when the  Supreme Council  of the  Republic of Lithuania               
convenes a  new session and confirms the deputy's powers. At this               
moment the  term of  office of  the deputy of the Supreme Council               
from the prior convocation expires.                                             
     A deputy's term of office may be terminated:                               
                                                                                
     1) when a deputy is recalled by his or her constituents;                   
     2) when,  at the  deputy's own  request, the Supreme Council               
adopts a resolution accepting the surrender of his or her powers;               
     3) upon the loss of Lithuanian citizenship; and                            
     4) upon  the passage  of a  criminal sentence  against  said               
deputy.                                                                         
                                                                                
     Article 4. The coordination of a deputy's duties with other                
                activities                                                      
                                                                                
     A deputy may engage in labour activity only with the consent               
of  the   Supreme  Council.   Deputies  engaged   in  scientific,               
educational, or artistic activities and who are members of unions               
of liberal professions do not require such consent.                             
     A deputy  has the right of deciding vote on all issues under               
discussion, as  well as  the right to elect and be elected to any               
organ of the Supreme Council.                                                   
                                                                                
     A deputy  may express  his or  her  opinion  vocally  or  in               
writing on  any issue  considered at  a session  [of the  Supreme               
Council] as well as propose issues for consideration.                           
     A deputy  may submit  the text  of his  or her speech on the               
issue under  consideration to  the chair  for inclusion  into the               
shorthand record of a sitting.                                                  
     The discharging  of these rights and duties is determined by               
the rules of procedure of the Supreme Council.                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 2                                           
                                                                                
              A Deputy's Participation at a Session                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 5. Relations with constituents                                     
                                                                                
     A deputy is fully accountable to his or her constituents and               
regularly issues accounts of activities to them.                                
     A deputy  who has  not justified  his or  her  constituents'               
trust may be recalled accoring to procedures established by law.                
                                                                                
     Article 6. Provision of conditions for a deputy's activities               
                                                                                
     The state  must guarantee  a deputy conditions necessary for               
effective performance of his parliamentary activities.                          
     Persons and  officials hindering the execution of a deputy's               
powers or  threatening the life, health, honour, and dignity of a               
deputy as the representative of the state, is held accountable in               
accordance with the law.                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 7. Participation in [Supreme Council] Sessions                     
                                                                                
     A deputy's  participation  at  a  session  [of  the  Supreme               
Council] is mandatory.                                                          
     If the  deputy is unable to participate at the sittings of a               
session, that deputy must inform the Supreme Council of this.                   
     A deputy  has the right of deciding vote on all issues under               
discussion, and  has the  right to  elect and  be elected  to any               
institution of the Supreme Council.                                             
     A deputy  may express  his opinion  vocally or in writing on               
any issue considered at the session as well as propose issues for               
consideration.                                                                  
     A deputy  may submit  the text  of his  or her speech on the               
issue under  consideration to  the chair  for inclusion  into the               
shorthand record of a sitting.                                                  
     The discharging  of these rights and duties is determined by               
the rules of procedure of the Supreme Council.                                  
                                                                                
     Article 8. The Right of legislative initiative                             
                                                                                
     A deputy  has the  right of  legislative initiative  at  the               
Supreme Council,  i.e. the right to propose adequately formulated               
draft legislation  or to  submit the  proposal on the adoption of               
concrete laws which must be considered by the Supreme Council.                  
                                                                                
     Article 9. The Right to Inquiry                                            
                                                                                
     A deputy  has the  right submit  an inquiry,  vocally or  in               
writing, to  all heads  and officials  of  state  bodies  of  the               
Republic of  Lithuania requesting that [these officials] reply to               
or expand their view on issues pertaining to their competence.                  
     The head  of a state institution or the official to whom the               
inquiry is  addressed must  reply in  the form  required  by  the               
deputy.                                                                         
                                                                                
     According to procedures established by law, a deputy has the               
right  to  raise  the  issue  of  confidence  in  an  elected  or               
established institution,  or an  elected, appointed  or confirmed               
official, during a Supreme Council session.                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 3                                           
                                                                                
         A Deputy's Activities in the Electoral District                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 10. Meeting with Constituents, Consideration of                    
                 Their Proposals, Appeals and Petitions                         
                                                                                
     A deputy  must regularly hold meetings with his constituents               
in his  or her  electoral district.  The deputy  has the right to               
invite officials  of local  municipal executive  bodies, managers               
and proprietors  of enterprises,  institutions, and organisations               
located in the electoral district to take part in the meeting.                  
     A  deputy   considers  proposals,   appeals,  and  petitions               
submitted by  constituents and,  on certain  occasions,  forwards               
them for consideration to the appropriate state bodies.                         
     With the  assistance of  experts from  institutions of state               
control and  supervision, a deputy monitors how these appeals are               
being resolved.                                                                 
     Officials to whom a deputy's appeal was addressed, including               
citizens' proposals,  appeals, and  petitions, must consider them               
no later than within 20 days upon the receipt of these inquiries.               
                                                                                
     Article 11. The Right to Participate in Meetings of State                  
                 and Governing Institutions                                     
                                                                                
     A deputy  has the  right to  participate at  the meetings of               
state  and  governing  institution  when  issues  concerning  the               
interests of his or her constituents are addressed.                             
                                                                                
     Article 12. Assistance Provided for a Deputy                               
                                                                                
     In Activities  in the  Electoral District  Local governments               
and  their   executive  bodies,   managers  and   proprietors  of               
enterprises,  institutions  and  organisations,  irrespective  of               
their  jurisdiction,   must  provide  a  deputy  with  conditions               
enabling meetings  with constituents,  and must inform the deputy               
about the time and place of such meetings, and provide the deputy               
with other assistance and information essential for this purpose.               
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 4                                           
                                                                                
               Guarantees of a Deputy's Activities                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 13. Material and Social Maintenance                                
                                                                                
     A deputy is paid a salary from the state budget.                           
     The procedure  and amount  of payment  is established by the               
Supreme Council.                                                                
     A deputy has the right to have assistants and or secretaries               
who receive  a salary from the state budget as well as assistants               
working on a volunteer basis.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 14. The Right to Reception Without Delay, to                       
                 Unrestricted Access to Enterprises, Institutions               
                 and Organisations                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
     A deputy  has the  right to  be received  without  delay  at               
enterprises, institutions  and organisations on issues pertaining               
to his  or her  activities as  a  deputy  and  be  provided  with               
necessary information.                                                          
     A deputy  has  the  right  to  unrestricted  access  to  all               
enterprises, institutions  and organisations  on the territory of               
the  Republic.   The  procedure   of   approaching   enterprises,               
institutions and  organisations,  the  activities  of  which  are               
associated with state secrets, is established by law.                           
                                                                                
     Article 15. The Priority Right to the Use of Radio,                        
                 Television and the Print Media                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     A deputy  has the  priority right  to  make  use  of  radio,               
television  and   the  print  media  free  of  charge  on  issues               
pertaining to a deputy's activities.                                            
     It is  prohibited to edit the material submitted by a deputy               
without his or her consent.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 16. Protection of Deputy's Employment Rights                       
                                                                                
     After the  expiration  of  the  term  of  office,  with  the               
exception of  cases where  the deputy has been recalled, a deputy               
must be  provided with  employment or post at state institutions,               
enterprises and organisations which he had occupied or engaged in               
before election.  In the  case that  there is no such opportunity               
due to the abolition of his or her primary post or liquidation of               
an enterprise,  institution, or  organisation, a  deputy must  be               
provided with  similar employment or post at the same enterprise,               
institution, or  organisation or,  with the  deputy's consent, at               
another enterprise, institution, or organisation.                               
     The  length   of  a  deputy's  parliamentary  activities  is               
included in the length of service of general employment.                        
     Election as deputy does not terminate membership in artistic               
unions and or free trade unions.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 17. Responsibility for Ignoring a Deputy's                         
                 Legitimate Request                                             
                                                                                
     On realizing  that  citizens'  rights  and  laws  have  been               
violated, a  deputy has  the right to immediately demand that the               
violation  be   rectified  or,   he   may   address   appropriate               
institutions and officials.                                                     
     The violation  must annotated  in the  record  drawn  up  by               
representatives of lawenforcement and supervising agencies.                     
     For  ignoring   a  deputy's  legitimate  demands,  a  guilty               
official may  be entailed  to disciplinary  penalty or  dismissed               
from his post.                                                                  
     In cases  envisaged by law legal action may be taken against               
said official.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 18. Immunity                                                       
                                                                                
     A deputy  may not be found criminally responsible, arrested,               
or his  or her  personal freedom  may not  be  restrained  in  an               
administrative order  without the consent of the Supreme Council,               
except in cases when the deputy is found in flagrant violation of               
the law.  In such  cases,  the  Procurator  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania must  inform the  Supreme Council  of such  a violation               
without delay.                                                                  
     On receiving  the consent of the Supreme Council to initiate               
proceedings against  a deputy,  the deputy may not be arrested in               
the building of the Supreme Council.                                            
     A deputy  may not  be persecuted  for speeches, opinions, or               
votes voiced at the Supreme Council.                                            
     Only the Procurator General of the Republic of Lithuania has               
the right to initiate legal proceedings against a deputy.                       
     A deputy  as a  witness is not obliged to yield information,               
or its source, acquired while exercising his duties as a deputy.                
     In his  foreign travels a deputy is entitled to the use of a               
diplomatic passport.                                                            
                                                                                
     Article 19. Procedure for Obtaining the Consent of the                     
                 Supreme Council to Initiate Legal Actions                      
                 Against a Deputy                                               
                                                                                
     In order  to receive  the consent  of the Supreme Council to               
initiate legal actions against a deputy, or to arrest or fine him               
in administrative  order, the  Procurator General of the Republic               
of Lithuania must submit the motion to the Supreme Council.                     
     The Supreme  Council  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  must               
considers the motion no later than within a one month period.                   
     The Supreme  Council musty  adopt a  reasonable decision and               
must inform  the Procurator  General of the decision within three               
days.                                                                           
     If  necessary,   the  Supreme  Council  may  reconsider  its               
decision. A  deputy has  the right to be present when the Council               
considers the issue of his or her immunity.                                     
                                                                                
     Article 20. Identification cards and badges                                
                                                                                
     A deputy is entitled to a deputy's identification card and a               
deputy's badge  after the  deputy's powers  have been affirmed by               
the Supreme  Council. A Deputy's identification card and badge is               
valid during the period of his term of office.                                  
     Samples of  deputy's identification  cards  and  badges  are               
approved by  the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
Vytautas Landsbergis                                                            
                                                                                
President                                                                       
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
11 April 1990                                                                   
No. I-137