SEIMAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                              
                             STATUTE                                            
                    5 October 1993 No. I-259                                    
                             Vilnius                                            
                             PART 6                                             
         ELECTION, APPOINTMENT, AND APPROVAL OF OFFICERS                        
                                                                                
         Chapter 17. The Procedure for Electing Members                         
                       of the Seimas Board                                      
                                                                                
     Article 149. Members of the Seimas Board shall be elected at               
the first session of the Seimas from among the Seimas members for               
the entire period during which the Seimas is in office.                         
                                                                                
     Upon the  resignation, demise, or dismissal by the Seimas of               
any member  of the Seimas Board from office, or upon the election               
or appointment of a member to another office, elections for a new               
Board member  to fill  the post  shall be  held during  the  next               
sitting of  the Seimas  in accordance with the procedure provided               
for in this Statute.                                                            
                                                                                
     Article 150.  The Seimas  Speaker shall be elected by secret               
ballot at the first sitting of the Seimas following elections.                  
                                                                                
     Candidates to  the office of Seimas Speaker may be nominated               
by parliamentary  groups of  the Seimas  by written  application;               
during  the   first  Seimas  session  following  elections,  when               
parliamentary groups  have yet  to be registered, said candidates               
may be  nominated by  groups consisting  of at  least 1/15 of the               
Seimas members.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 151.  Candidates to  the offices  of deputy  of  the               
Seimas Speaker  and the  Seimas Chancellor  shall be nominated by               
the Seimas  Speaker. Said  officers shall  be elected  by  secret               
ballot.                                                                         
                                                                                
     Article 155.  After being  nominated to  a post,  candidates               
must, prior  to the elections, state whether or not they agree to               
run for election.                                                               
     Each candidate,  in alphabetical order, shall be granted the               
floor for  15 minutes; candidates to the office of Seimas Speaker               
shall be  entitled   to 30 minutes; the same amount of time shall               
be allotted  to said  persons to answer questions. Thereafter, if               
the Seimas members so desire, a debate shall commence.                          
                                                                                
     Article  157.  Voting  for  each  candidate  shall  be  done               
separately. If  more candidates  than necessary are nominated for               
election to  one office,  voting shall  be done  by ballot with a               
list of candidates.                                                             
                                                                                
     Article 158. Voting results shall be valid if more than half               
of the  Seimas members  present  at  the  sitting  vote  for  the               
candidate, with the exception of repeat voting as provided for in               
this Chapter  when the  candidate who  has  received  a  relative               
majority of votes shall be deemed elected; however, in this case,               
at least half of all of the members of the Seimas must be present               
at the sitting.                                                                 
     In  the  event  that  no  candidate  receives  the  required               
majority of  votes, or  if it is impossible to determine which of               
the candidates  have been  elected due  to a  tie, a  repeat vote               
shall be held.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 159. In voting for an empty post when there are more               
than two candidates, all of the candidates, with the exception of               
those who  received the  lowest number of votes,  shall remain on               
the ballot  for repeat balloting. If several candidates have tied               
for the  lowest number  of  votes  and  two  or  more  candidates               
received more  votes, the  candidates with  the lowest  number of               
votes shall  be removed  from the  next ballot. Otherwise, all of               
the candidates  shall remain on the next ballot. If the situation               
remains unchanged  after the  repeat vote,  the election shall be               
postponed to  another day. If two candidates receive the required               
number of votes, the provisions of Par. 2 hereof shall apply.                   
     If there  are two  candidates   for an empty office during a               
repeat vote,  the Seimas  member who received more votes shall be               
deemed to have been elected. In the event of a tie, a repeat vote               
shall be held the next day; if no candidate is elected during the               
repeat vote, a new election shall be held.                                      
                                                                                
     Article 160.  When elections to several unfilled offices are               
held simultaneously  and the  number of  candidates  exceeds  the               
number of  offices, the  names of  all of the candidates who were               
nominated but  not elected  shall be  entered on  the ballots for               
repeat voting. After the repeat vote, the candidates who received               
the most  votes shall  be  deemed  to  have  been  elected.  When               
necessary, balloting shall be repeated another day.                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
  Chapter 18. Consideration of the Prime Minister's Candidature                 
                  and the Government Programme                                  
                                                                                
     Article 162.  In the cases provided for in the Constitution,               
the Seimas shall, upon receiving a nomination for the candidature               
of the  Prime Minister  from the  President of the Republic, give               
the President  of the  Republic an  opportunity  to  present  the               
candidate  during   the  next   sitting.  Upon   presenting   the               
candidature of  the Prime Minister, the President of the Republic               
shall not  be asked  any questions.  After the  President of  the               
Republic has presented the candidature of the Prime Minister, the               
candidate shall  be granted  the floor  (for up  to 30  minutes);               
thereafter the candidate shall answer questions put to him by the               
members of the Seimas (for up to 40 minutes).                                   
     Thereafter, the  candidature of  the Prime Minister shall be               
referred to parliamentary groups of the Seimas for consideration.               
Parliamentary groups shall have the right to invite the candidate               
to their  sittings and  question him or her at a time coordinated               
with the candidate.                                                             
     Parliamentary groups  must consider  the candidature  of the               
Prime Minister within 2 work days.                                              
                                                                                
     Article 163. Another sitting of the Seimas must be organised               
within 5  work days  from the  presentation of the candidature of               
the Prime  Minister in  order to  adopt a decision concerning the               
proposed candidacy.                                                             
     During this sitting, the conclusions of parliamentary groups               
shall be  heard first.  Thereafter, a  discussion shall  be  held               
during the  end of which the candidate shall be granted the floor               
(for up  to 20  minutes), and shall also be given the opportunity               
to answer questions presented by members of the Seimas (for up to               
30 minutes).                                                                    
     Once the  candidate finishes  answering  questions,  a  vote               
shall be  taken on  whether or  not the  candidature of the Prime               
Minister should be approved.                                                    
     The President  of the  Republic has  the right to revoke the               
nominated candidature  at any  time up until the beginning of the               
vote for approval.                                                              
                                                                                
     Article 164.  Upon obtaining  approval from  the Seimas, the               
Prime Minister  shall, within 15 days of being appointed, present               
a Government  formed by  him or her and approved by the President               
of the Republic to the Seimas and submit the Government programme               
for consideration.  Members of  the newly-formed Government shall               
have the  right to be present at the presentation. The Government               
programme must  be distributed  among the Seimas members at least               
24 hours prior to the sitting.                                                  
     When explaining the programme, the Prime Minister may  speak               
for up  to 40  minutes. A total of one hour shall be allotted for               
answering questions.  Questions may  be presented  to  the  Prime               
Minister and any of the ministers.                                              
                                                                                
     Article 165. After being presented, the Government programme               
shall be  considered by  the Seimas  parliamentary groups,  while               
appropriate  Seimas  Committees  shall  consider  the  individual               
sections thereof.                                                               
     Committees and  parliamentary groups shall have the right to               
invite  the   Prime  Minister   or  other  minister,  at  a  time               
coordinated  therewith,   to  answer   questions  concerning  the               
Government programme.                                                           
     Seimas Committees  and  parliamentary  groups  must  prepare               
their conclusions  concerning the  Government programme within 10               
days after it is presented.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article  166.   The  Seimas  must  consider  the  Government               
programme during a sitting within 15 days after it is presented.                
     Conclusions of the Committees and parliamentary groups shall               
be heard at the sitting first. Thereafter, a debate shall be held               
at the  termination whereof  the Prime  Minister shall be granted               
the floor  (for  up  to  20  minutes);  the  Prime  Minister  and               
ministers shall also be given the opportunity to answer questions               
presented by the Seimas members one more time (for a total period               
of up to one hour).                                                             
     The  debate  concerning  the  Government  programme  may  be               
terminated by  majority vote  of more  than half  of  the  voting               
members of  the Seimas.  Such a   proposal  shall be  put to vote               
without discussion provided that at least one other member of the               
Seimas expresses support therefor.                                              
     When the question and answer session has been completed, the               
Seimas must adopt a decision concerning the Government programme.               
In the  event that the Government programme is not approved or is               
returned to  the Government  for improvement  thereof, a  revised               
version of  the Government  programme must  be presented  to  the               
Seimas within  10 days,  and the procedure for discussion thereof               
shall be repeated in the manner established in Articles 164, 165,               
and 166.                                                                        
                                                                                
     Article  167.   The  new   Government   shall   be   granted               
authorisation to  act after the  Seimas approves its programme by               
majority vote of the Seimas members present at the sitting.                     
     In  the  event  that  the  Seimas  refuses  to  approve  the               
programme of  the newly-formed  Government  twice  consecutively,               
the Government must resign.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 169.  When more  than a  half of  the ministers  are               
changed, the  Government must  be granted  authorisation  by  the               
Seimas again. Otherwise the Government must resign.                             
     If more  than half  of the ministers have been replaced, the               
Prime Minister must, within 7 days of the appointment of the last               
new minister,  present the  newly appointed ministers, as well as               
the amendments  to the  Government programme  if amendments  have               
been  made, during a sitting of the Seimas in order to be granted               
new authorisation;  in the  event that  said  changes  were  made               
between sessions, the Prime Minister must make said presentations               
during the first 7 days of the next Seimas session.                             
     During  the   presentation  the   Seimas  members  may  pose               
questions to the Prime Minister and the newly appointed ministers               
(for a total of 30 minutes).                                                    
     In the event that amendments to the Government programme are               
presented,  discussion   shall  be  continued  according  to  the               
procedure established  in Articles  165 and  166 of this Statute.               
Otherwise, a  discussion shall  be  held  immediately  after  the               
presentation, whereafter  the Seimas  may take  a vote concerning               
the granting  of authorisation  or may  decide to refer the issue               
to the Committees and parliamentary groups for consideration, but               
for no  longer than 7 days. In the latter case a discussion shall               
be held after the conclusions of the Committees and parliamentary               
groups have been presented, and a vote concerning the granting of               
authorisation shall be taken upon hearing an additional speech by               
the Prime Minister (not exceeding 15 minutes).                                  
                                                                                
    Chapter 19. Consideration of Candidatures of other State                    
 Officers, Constitutional Court Judges, and Supreme Court Judges                
                      and their Appointment                                     
                                                                                
     Article 170.  The Seimas  shall appoint  the judges  of  the               
Constitutional Court  and the  Supreme Court    as  well  as  the               
chairpersons of  these Courts  and shall also appoint officers of               
the  State  and  appoint  or  form  collegiate  institutions  (in               
corpore) which  are provided  for in the Constitution and laws of               
the Republic  of Lithuania.  The  persons  who    shall  nominate               
candidates to  the above  offices shall  be  established  by  the               
Constitution and other appropriate laws.                                        
     The Seimas  shall also  decide whether  or not to approve of               
the candidatures  of the  judges and  officers appointed  by  the               
President of  the  Republic  if  this  is  provided  for  in  the               
Constitution and laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                             
                                                                                
     Article 171.  Candidates to  offices whereto   officers  are               
appointed by  the Seimas  or offices  for the appointment whereto               
approval of  the Seimas  is required shall be presented at Seimas               
sittings by  the person  who nominated said candidate or proposed               
the composition  of a  collegiate  institution  (in  corpore).  A               
maximum of  10 minutes  shall be allotted for the presentation of               
individual candidates,  whereas a  maximum of 20 minutes shall be               
allotted  for   the  presentation  of  members  of  a  collegiate               
institution. The  biographical data  of the  candidates  must  be               
distributed to the Seimas members prior to the presentation.                    
     Information concerning  candidatures of Constitutional Court               
and Supreme Court judges must be published in national newspapers               
at least two weeks before their presentation  in the Seimas.                    
     The candidates, including cases when collegiate institutions               
(in corpore)  are being formed, must attend the Seimas sitting at               
which they are presented.                                                       
     After being  presented, candidates  to Constitutional  Court               
and Supreme  Court judges as well as candidates to heads of State               
institutions shall  be granted  the floor  (for a  maximum of  10               
minutes).  All   candidates  must,   without  exception,   answer               
questions put  to them by members of the Seimas: up to 15 minutes               
shall be  allotted to  each candidate to the Constitutional Court               
and the  Supreme Court judge as well as to every other individual               
candidate, and  up to  30 minutes shall be allotted to all of the               
candidates to a collegiate institution.                                         
                                                                                
     Article 172.  After being  presented, candidatures  shall be               
considered by  the Seimas  parliamentary groups  and  appropriate               
Committees,  as   well  as   by  the  Commission  on  Ethics  and               
Procedures.                                                                     
     Parliamentary groups,  Committees,  and  the  Commission  on               
Ethics and  Procedures shall have the right to invite candidates,               
at a  time coordinated  with them,  to  attend  their  respective               
sittings in order to pose questions to them.                                    
     Parliamentary groups,  Committees,  and  the  Commission  on               
Ethics and  Procedures must  present their conclusions concerning               
candidatures to the Seimas within 7 days from the presentation of               
the candidature.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 173.  The suggested  candidatures must be considered               
in  a   sitting  of   the  Seimas   within  10  days  from  their               
presentation. This  sitting must  be attended  by the  person who               
presented the  candidatures as  well as the candidates, including               
candidates to collegiate institutions (in corpore).                             
     The conclusions of parliamentary groups, Committees, and the               
Commission  on  Ethics  and  Procedures  shall  be  heard  first.               
Thereafter a  discussion shall  be held,  during the  end whereof               
members of  the Seimas  shall be  given the  opportunity to  pose               
questions to  the candidates  and the  person who  presented  the               
candidatures (up  to 20  minutes shall  be allotted to individual               
candidates and  up to  30 minutes shall be allotted to collegiate               
institutions).  Furthermore,  candidates  to  the  Constitutional               
Court  and   the  Supreme   Court  judges,  and  heads  of  State               
institutions shall  be granted  the floor  (for a  maximum of  10               
minutes) prior to being questioned.                                             
     Thereafter the  Seimas shall  take  a  vote  concerning  the               
appointment of judges to the Constitutional Court and the Supreme               
Court and  of other  officers, the  appointment or formation of a               
collegiate  institution  (in  corpore),  or  the  approval  of  a               
candidature appointed by the president of the Republic.                         
                                                                                
     Article 174.  Prior to  beginning their  work, judges of the               
Constitutional and  Supreme Courts  shall take  an  oath  in  the               
Seimas  to  be  loyal  to  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  and  the               
Constitution  thereof,   and  to   administer  justice   only  in               
accordance with  the laws.  Other newly-appointed  officers shall               
publicly take  an oath during a sitting of the Seimas if it is so               
provided  in   the  laws   regulating  the  activities  of  their               
respective State institution.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 181. If an officer of the State or a court judge  is               
dismissed, resigns,  or for  some other reason cannot continue to               
carry out  his or  her duties,  another  person  must,  during  a               
session of  the Seimas,  be appointed  or approved  to said  post               
within one month of the beginning of the vacancy or the beginning               
of the session.                                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
Speaker of the Seimas                                                           
of the Republic of Lithuania            Ceslovas Jursenas