SEIMAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                              
                                                                                
                             STATUTE                                            
                      20 May 1993 No. I-158                                     
                             Vilnius                                            
                                                                                
                             PART 2                                             
                                                                                
                     STRUCTURE OF THE SEIMAS                                    
                                                                                
             Chapter 2. General Issues of Structure                             
                                                                                
     Article 9.  Sittings of the Seimas shall be presided over by               
the Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the Seimas. There shall be three               
Deputy Speakers of the Seimas.                                                  
     The competence   of the Speaker of the Seimas and the Deputy               
Speakers shall  be defined  by the Constitution and this Statute.               
The drafting  of Seimas documents and the consideration of drafts               
shall be monitored by the Chancellor of the Seimas.                             
     A person  who is elected the Speaker of the Seimas or who is               
temporarily carrying out the Speaker's duties must suspend his or               
her activities in factions of Seimas members.                                   
                                                                                
     Article 9-1. The Seimas shall form committees from among its               
members for  the consideration  of draft  laws and  other  issues               
assigned to  its competence  by the Constitution. The list of the               
committees shall be established by this Statute.                                
     For resolving  short-term issues  or issues of a more narrow               
scope, as  well as  for carrying  out concrete  assignments,  the               
Seimas may,  from among its members, form commissions of inquiry,               
control, auditing,  preparatory, and  drafting as  well as  other               
commissions.                                                                    
     The work of the committees and commissions shall be directed               
by the chairpersons of said groups.                                             
                                                                                
     Article 9-2.  Political parties and organisations shall form               
parliamentary groups  of  Seimas  members  for  expressing  their               
respective political  views and  for implementing their political               
programmes and goals.                                                           
     Parliamentary groups  shall be registered in accordance with               
the procedure established by this Statute.                                      
     A parliamentary group shall be headed and represented in the               
Seimas by its speaker.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 9-3.  A  Seimas  Board  shall  function  within  the               
Seimas; the  principle task  of the  Seimas Board  shall  be  the               
resolution of organisational issues of the work of the Seimas.                  
     The Seimas Board shall consist of the Speaker of the Seimas,               
the three Deputy Speakers, and the Chancellor of the Seimas.                    
                                                                                
     Article 9-4.  The Assembly  of Spokespersons, comprising the               
members  of   the  Seimas   Board  and   representatives  of  the               
parliamentary  groups,  shall  be  formed  in  the  Seimas.  Each               
parliamentary   group shall  appoint one representative for every               
ten members  of the  group. Groups  consisting of  less than  ten               
members shall  each appoint one representative to the Assembly of               
Spokespersons.                                                                  
     The principle task of the Assembly of Spokespersons shall be               
to consider  and approve  the work  programme and  the agendas of               
sittings of  the Seimas,  to  coordinate  issues  concerning  the               
organisation of the work of the Seimas Committees and groups, and               
to submit  drafts of  the decisions  of said issues to the Seimas               
and the Board.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 9-5.  Issues concerning  the conditions  of work and               
everyday life  of the  members of the Seimas and the staff of the               
Seimas  apparatus   shall  be   settled  by   the  administrative               
commission;  the  administrative  commission  shall  also  submit               
drafts of  decisions of  said issues to the Seimas and the Board.               
The administrative  commission shall  be formed  from  among  the               
Seimas members  in accordance  with the principle of proportional               
representation of parliamentary groups.                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                   Chapter 3. The Seimas Board                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 9-6. The Speaker of the Seimas of the Republic of                  
Lithuania shall:                                                                
     1) direct the work of the Seimas;                                          
     2) certify  with his  or her  signature the  authenticity of               
laws passed  by the  Seimas and  referred to the President of the               
Republic;  sign the resolutions of the Seimas, the Statute of the               
Seimas and  amendments thereto,  the  minutes of  sittings of the               
Seimas, the  resolutions of  the Seimas Board, the minutes of the               
Assembly of Spokespersons and other acts passed by the Seimas, as               
well as laws of the Republic of Lithuania which are not signed by               
the President  of the Republic within the time period established               
by the Constitution;                                                            
     3) temporarily  carry out the duties of the President of the               
Republic and  temporarily substitute  for the  President  of  the               
Republic  in   the  cases   specified  in   Article  89   of  the               
Constitution;                                                                   
     4) propose  candidates to  the posts  of Deputy Speakers and               
the Chancellor of the Seimas to the Seimas;                                     
     5) propose  candidates to  Constitutional Court judge to the               
Seimas in  accordance  with  the  procedure  established  by  the               
Constitution;                                                                   
     6) nominate  to the  Seimas the  candidatures of  the Seimas               
ombudsmen  for appointment;                                                     
     7) submit  candidates for  appointment to the posts of heads               
of State  institutions specified  by law to the Seimas unless the               
Constitution provides otherwise;                                                
     8) preside  over the  sittings of  the Seimas and the Seimas               
Board;                                                                          
     9) submit  drafts of  the work  programmes of  a session and               
draft agendas  of week-  or day-long  sittings to the Assembly of               
Spokespersons; and                                                              
     10) submit  draft agendas  of the  sittings  of  the  Seimas               
Board.                                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 10.  At the  behest of  the   Speaker of the Seimas,               
Deputy Speakers  shall perform  certain functions of the Speaker.               
The Seimas  Board may  determine the guidelines of the activities               
of the Deputy Speakers.                                                         
     In the  event that  the Speaker of the Seimas is temporarily               
absent or  has fallen  ill and  by reason  thereof is  unable  to               
fulfill his or her duties of office, at the behest of the Seimas,               
the duties of the Speaker of the Seimas shall be performed by one               
of the Deputy Speakers for a specified period.                                  
     If,  in   the  cases   specified  in   Article  89   of  the               
Constitution, the  Speaker of  the Seimas is temporarily carrying               
out the  duties of   the  President of  the Republic,  and as the               
result thereof  has lost  his or  her powers  in the  Seimas, the               
duties of  the Speaker of the Seimas shall be temporarily carried               
out  by a Deputy Speaker at the behest of the Seimas.                           
     Resolutions (preliminary  or adopted  for a  concrete  case)               
concerning  the  temporary  performance  of  the  duties  of  the               
Speaker of  the Seimas or  substituting the Speaker of the Seimas               
shall be  adopted by  the Seimas  on the  motion  of  the  Seimas               
Speaker.                                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 10-1.  The Speaker of the Seimas shall issue decrees               
while carrying out his or her duties.                                           
                                                                                
     The Speaker  of the  Seimas,  or,  in  the  absence  of  the               
Speaker, the  Deputy Speaker, may voice his or her opinion or the               
opinion of  the Seimas Board on the issue under consideration out               
of turn  provided that  he or  she  is  not  presiding  over  the               
sitting.                                                                        
     During the  session, the  Speaker of  the Seimas, the Deputy               
Speakers and  the Chancellor of the Seimas shall, at least once a               
month, answer  questions  concerning  the  performance  of  their               
duties submitted beforehand by the Seimas members beforehand.                   
                                                                                
     Article 11. The Seimas Chancellor shall:                                   
                                                                                
     1) supervise  the consideration  of draft  laws submitted to               
the Seimas  and the  drafting of  the documents of the Seimas and               
the Board thereof;                                                              
     2) supervise  the consideration  of  issues,  inquiries  and               
interpellations submitted  to the  Government and  the  heads  of               
other State institutions;                                                       
     3) consider  the issues  raised by  members  of  the  Seimas               
concerning the functioning of the Seimas apparatus; supervise the               
implementation of  the decisions  of  the  Seimas  Board  by  the               
divisions of  the Seimas  apparatus as  well as  their compliance               
with  the  provisions  and  internal  rules  which  regulate  the               
functioning thereof;                                                            
     4) assist   the  Speaker of  the Seimas in preparing session               
work programmes  as well  as draft agendas for week- and day-long               
sittings;                                                                       
     5) assist  the Speaker  of the  Seimas in   preparing  draft               
agendas for  sittings of the Seimas Board as well as the material               
on issues subject to consideration;                                             
     6) work out draft agendas for the Assembly of Spokespersons;               
     7) give  approval to official documents prior to their being               
submitted to  the Speaker  of the  Seimas for signing and, to the               
extent of his or her competence, sign official documents;                       
     8) be responsible for the use and keeping of the Seimas Seal               
bearing the State Emblem;                                                       
     9)  propose   members  to  the  vote  calculation  group  in               
accordance with the procedure provided for in this Statute;                     
     10)  provide  information  concerning  the  agendas  of  the               
forthcoming sittings  of the  Seimas to  representatives  of  the               
radio, television and press;                                                    
     11) regularly  submit information  summaries to  the  Seimas               
concerning proposals,  wishes and  letters received  from voters;               
and                                                                             
     12) submit information summaries to the Committee on Mandate               
and Procedure  from the  statistics of  the registration  of  the               
Seimas deputies  and  vote  calculation  group    concerning  the               
participation of   the  Seimas members  in the  sittings  of  the               
Seimas.                                                                         
                                                                                
     Article 13.  The sittings  of  the  Seimas  Board  shall  be               
convened and presided over by the Speaker of the Seimas.                        
                                                                                
     Other members  of the  Seimas, as well as representatives of               
the President  of the Republic and the Government may participate               
in the  sittings of the Board as observers. Other individuals may               
also be invited to sittings of the Board.                                       
                                                                                
     Article 14.  Decisions of  the Seimas Board shall be adopted               
by ordinary  vote and  simple majority  of those  in  attendance,               
provided that  the sitting  of the Seimas Board is attended by at               
least three  Board members.  A tie  vote shall  be decided by the               
vote of  the Speaker  or, in  the  absence of the Speaker, of the               
Deputy Speaker who is presiding over the sitting.                               
                                                                                
     Article 15. Issues for consideration may be submitted to the               
Seimas Board  by the  Board  members,  committees,  parliamentary               
groups, administrative  commission and  the chief  of the  Seimas               
staff.                                                                          
     Draft documents  of the Seimas Board which are submitted for               
consideration shall be signed by their initiators and handed over               
to the Chancellor of the Seimas.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 16.  The members  of the Seimas shall be informed of               
the decisions  of the  Seimas Board  through the  committees  and               
parliamentary groups  within three business days during a session               
or within  a week  of the  beginning of  the next  session.  When               
necessary, the  Seimas member  may get  a copy of the document of               
the Seimas Board which is of interest to him or her.                            
     Committees and  parliamentary groups may submit proposals to               
the agenda  of the  Seimas  sittings  for  the  forthcoming  week               
concerning the consideration of resolutions adopted by the Seimas               
Board which they disapprove of.                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 17. The Seimas Board shall:                                        
                                                                                
     1) distribute funds; discuss and approve estimated expenses;               
     2) on the motion of the parliamentary committees and groups,               
consider and send the Seimas members on business trips with tasks               
of the Seimas, the Board, and committees;                                       
     3) on  the motion of parliamentary committees and groups and               
during session, consider, and, taking into account the expediency               
and significance  of said  trips, either approve or disapprove of               
trips of  Seimas members which are financed not from the funds of               
the Seimas;                                                                     
     4) when  necessary, consider  draft agendas  for forthcoming               
week- or  day-long sessions,   and  submit recommendations to the               
Assembly of Speakers or the Seimas;                                             
     5) when  necessary andy  on the  motion of  committees, form               
working  groups   for  drafting   laws  and   carrying  out   the               
instructions of the Seimas or the Seimas  Board;                                
     6) submit  draft laws  and other draft acts of the Seimas to               
committees  for   preliminary  or  additional  consideration  and               
presentation of findings and proposals thereon;                                 
     7) assist  in organising joint  work of committees on issues               
which fall within the competence of several committees;                         
     8) appoint  the Chief  of the  Seimas  Staff  who  shall  be               
responsible and accountable to the Board;                                       
     9) approve  the structure of the Seimas apparatus, draw up a               
list of  the staff  of the  Seimas apparatus,  and  fix  salaries               
thereof;                                                                        
     10) on the motion of the Chief  of the Seimas Staff, appoint               
and dismiss  the heads  and deputy  heads of  all the  structural               
units of the Seimas;                                                            
     11) approve  the bylaws  of  the  structural  units  of  the               
Seimas,  the   regulations  of   internal  activities   and   the               
instructions for  office-work;                                                  
     12)    register  factions  of  Seimas  members  and  changes               
thereof; and                                                                    
     13) settle  other issues  related to the organisation of the               
activities  of  the  Seimas  which  are  not  ascribed  to  other               
institutions or   officials  of the  Seimas by  virtue of    this               
Statute.                                                                        
                                                                                
           CHAPTER 4. ASSEMBLY OF SEIMAS SPOKESPERSONS                          
                                                                                
     Article 24.  During session, the sittings of the Assembly of               
Spokespersons shall be organised regularly, usually twice  a week               
at a  time specially  allocated for  this purpose.  Extraordinary               
sittings of  the Assembly  of Spokespersons shall be organised at               
the request  of the  Speaker of  the  Seimas,  the  Board,    the               
Chairperson  of   the   Assembly   of   Spokespersons,   or   the               
representatives of at least two parliamentary groups. The members               
of   the Assembly  of Spokespersons  shall be given notice of the               
time and agenda of extraordinary sittings at least 6  hours prior               
to the beginning thereof.                                                       
                                                                                
     Sittings of  the Assembly  of Spokespersons shall be chaired               
by the  chairperson; the  duties of the chairperson, according to               
the schedule  approved by the Assembly of Spokespersons, shall be               
discharged in  turn by  the spokespersons   of each parliamentary               
group for  one week.  The opening  sitting  of  the  Assembly  of               
Spokespersons held  during the first session shall be presided by               
the eldest Spokesperson of a parliamentary group.                               
     With  the   exception  of   weekly  or  daily  agendas,  the               
resolutions  of   the  Assembly   of   Spokespersons   shall   be               
consultative with regard to the Seimas and the Seimas  Board.                   
     Consultative resolutions of the Assembly of Spokespersons as               
well as   resolutions  concerning the organisation of the work of               
the Assembly  itself shall  be adopted by simple majority vote of               
the  members   of  the  Assembly  taking  part  in  the  sitting.               
Resolutions concerning  the programme  of the  activities of  the               
Seimas, as well as draft weekly or daily agendas shall be adopted               
provided that  they are opposed by no more than one member of the               
Assembly of Spokespersons of all participants of the sitting.                   
     Resolutions of the sittings of the Assembly of Spokespersons               
shall be recorded in the minutes of the sitting.                                
     Questions ascribed  to the  competence of  the  Assembly  of               
Spokespersons may  be proposed  for consideration  thereof by the               
members of the Assembly of Spokespersons, the Government, as well               
as other  members of  the Seimas who submit draft laws. The draft               
agenda of  sittings of  the Assembly  of Spokespersons  shall  be               
drawn up  by the  Chancellor of  the  Seimas  according  to  such               
proposals.                                                                      
     Other members  of the  Seimas as  well as representatives of               
the President  and Government may attend sittings of the Assembly               
of Spokespersons  with the  right of observers. Other individuals               
may also be invited to sittings of the Assembly of Spokespersons.               
                                                                                
     Article  24/1.   During  its   sittings,  the   Assembly  of               
Spokespersons shall:                                                            
     1) consider  and coordinate rising contradictions related to               
the schedule of activities during a session;                                    
     2) consider and approve the agendas of the forthcoming week-               
or day-long sessions;                                                           
     3) consider  and coordinate  contradictions concerning other               
organizational issues of the work of the Seimas;                                
     4) hear  the proposals of the chairpersons of committees and               
speakers of  the parliamentary groups on mutual relations between               
committees and  parliamentary groups and submit proposals thereon               
to the Seimas or the Board;                                                     
     5) submit recommendations to the Seimas Board concerning the               
resolution of issues which are ascribed to its competence; and                  
     6) perform  the function  of a  coordinative  (conciliatory)               
committee in  the event of principal disagreements concerning top               
priorities cosidered in the Seimas.                                             
                                                                                
                 Chapter 5. Parliamentary Groups                                
                                                                                
     Article 25.  Political parties  and organisations  and their               
coalitions whose members have been elected to the Seimas from the               
same list  of candidates, and the members of the same parties and               
organisations who  have  been  elected  to  the  Seimas  in  one-               
candidate electoral  areas, shall  form one  parliamentary group.               
Parliamentary groups  may not  be established  on  the  basis  of               
individual, professional  or  internal interests. A member of the               
Seimas may be a member of only one parliamentary group.                         
                                                                                
     Political parties and political organisations represented by               
Seimas members  who were elected  not from the list of candidates               
may form  a parliamentary  group of  Seimas members who have been               
elected  in   one-candidate  electoral  areas,  provided  such  a               
parliamentary group  includes  at  least  one-fifth  of  all  the               
members of the Seimas.                                                          
                                                                                
     Parliamentary groups  may join into coalitions which may act               
as one parliamentary group on agreed issues.                                    
                                                                                
     The Seimas Board shall be notified in writing of any changes               
in the  composition, leadership or name of a parliamentary group,               
of the  termination of the activities of a parliamentary group or               
of its  break- up  no later  than on the following  business day;               
the said  parliamentary group shall inform the Seimas thereof and               
furnish such information through the press.                                     
                                                                                
     Statements of  parliamentary groups shall be signed by their               
speakers  or   deputy  speakers.   The  manner  of  the  internal               
activities of  a parliamentary  group shall be established by the               
parliamentary groups themselves.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 26.  Parliamentary groups shall be registered by the               
Seimas Board.                                                                   
                                                                                
     Parliamentary groups  must be  registered  within  one  week               
provided it  has submitted  the decision  of a party or political               
organisation to  establish a  parliamentary group  or a political               
declaration signed  by all members of such a  parliamentary group               
which, besides  the statute  of the political group, must include               
the commitment  to act  in compliance  with the  Constitution and               
laws of  the Republic  of Lithuania,  seek the  strengthening  of               
Lithuania's independence,  and defend  its territorial integrity.               
The declaration  shall be  announced to all members of the Seimas               
and  furnished  through  the  official  press.  In  order  to  be               
registered, a political group must present its name and the names               
of the spokesperson and deputy spokesperson, and must comply with               
other terms specified in this Chapter.                                          
     In the  event that  the Seimas  Board refuses  to register a               
parliamentary group  due to reasons which are not provided for in               
this Statute,  a group  of members  of the  Seimas may appeal the               
said issue  to the  Seimas which  shall consider  it at  the next               
sitting.                                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 27.  While drawing  up agendas  for sittings  of the               
Seimas, a  certain amount  of time (at least 6 business hours per               
week) shall  be allotted to sittings of the parliamentary groups.               
At this  time sittings  of neither  the Seimas nor its committees               
shall be scheduled.                                                             
                                                                                
     After the  formation of  parliamentary groups,   upon  their               
wish, the   Chancellor  of the  Seimas, in  conjunction with  the               
representatives of  the parliamentary  groups shall  arrange  the               
seats in  the sittings  hall for the members of the parliamentary               
groups and  for those  members of the Seimas who do not belong to               
any parliamentary  group and  shall  allocate  premises  for  the               
sittings of the parliamentary groups.                                           
                                                                                
     Other rights  of parliamentary  groups shall be consolidated               
in this Statute.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 28.  Parliamentary groups  or their coalitions which               
disagree with  the Governmental  programme may declare themselves               
opposition parliamentary groups.                                                
     To this  effect, opposition  parliamentary groups  or  their               
coalitions shall  proclaim in  the Seimas  political declarations               
where the  provisions distinguishing  them from the parliamentary               
majority shall  be set  forth. Opposition parliamentary groups or               
their  coalitions   shall   announce   alternative   Governmental               
programmes.                                                                     
     Opposition parliamentary groups or their coalitions shall be               
guaranteed all  the rights  of parliamentary groups or coalitions               
which are  provided for  in this  Statute.  Any  reason  may  not               
provide for the restriction of such rights.                                     
     The spokesman  of one  parliamentary group   constituting  a               
part of  an opposition coalition may be elected the leader of the               
opposition coalition  and the  Seimas shall  be  given  a  public               
notice of such election.                                                        
                                                                                
CESLOVAS JURSENAS                                                               
SPEAKER OF THE SEIMAS OF THE                                                    
REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA