REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                     
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                                                                                
                               ON                                               
                                                                                
           THE OFFICIALS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 1                                           
                       GENERAL PROVISIONS                                       
                                                                                
     Article 1. Objectives  of the Law                                          
     This Law  shall determine  the concept of civil service, the               
procedure of  employment in  the  service,  compliance  with  the               
procedure, the  rights, duties  and responsibilities of officials               
and termination of employment relations.                                        
                                                                                
     Article 2. State and Local Authority Politicians                           
     Employees who are elected, either directly or indirectly, to               
their posts  by the  citizens of  the Republic  of  Lithuania  or               
appointed for  the implementation of a political programme by the               
institutions of  State legislative  and  executive  authority  or               
local authority  shall be  political figures (politicians). Their               
salaries shall  be  paid  from  the  State  or  municipal  budget               
resources.                                                                      
     State  politicians   shall  include  the  President  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania, members of the Seimas, the Prime Minister,               
and ministers.                                                                  
     Local  authority  politicians  shall  be  municipal  council               
members.                                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 3. State  and Local Authority  Employees                           
     Employees of  offices and  organisations (with the exception               
of those specified in Article 2) whose salaries are paid from the               
State Budget  or municipal  budgets shall  be considered state or               
local authority employees.                                                      
     According to  the contents  and character of their principal               
duties, employees  shall be  divided into  professional corps (of               
teachers, the  police,  medical  workers,  diplomats,  officials,               
etc.).                                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 4. The Civil Service                                               
     The civil  service is  the  performance  of  duties  in  the               
Seimas, the  institutions of the President, the Government, other               
state institutions,  and structural  divisions of local authority               
in accordance  with the  list of  offices of  the  civil  service               
(hereinafter referred to as the list of offices).                               
     The list  of offices  shall be  kept by  the Government. The               
list shall  name the  offices of  officials and specify the level               
("A" or "B") to which they are assigned.                                        
     The  Seimas,   the  President   and   the   Association   of               
Municipalities of  Lithuania shall  establish and present for the               
list of  offices the  offices of  officials of  their  respective               
institutions in accordance with the uniform form.                               
     Article 5. State and Local Authority Officials                             
     Employees  of   the  civil   service  shall  constitute  the               
professional corps of officials.                                                
     Employees who  fulfill business-technical  functions,  i.e.,               
who service the internal economy of the place of their employment               
and whose  activities have  no effect on the activities performed               
by the  institution according  to its  competence  shall  not  be               
considered officials.                                                           
     In the  institutions of  state government,  employees  whose               
office is  on the  list of officials shall be state officials, in               
the municipal  government structures  - local authority officials               
(hereinafter referred to as state and local authority officials -               
officials).                                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 6. Levels of Officials                                             
     Officials shall  be divided  into officials  of "A"  and "B"               
levels.                                                                         
     State officials of "A" level shall be employees appointed by               
the Seimas,  the President,  the Government  and other  employees               
specified in  the list of offices who assist state politicians in               
fulfilling their  functions. The  service of  the above officials               
shall be  connected with  the duration  of the  term of office of               
their respective head officers.                                                 
     State officials  of "B"  level shall be employees, appointed               
by the  Seimas, the  President, the  Government, their structural               
divisions,  ministries,   Government  institutions  (departments,               
agencies, inspectorates),  departments founded at the ministries,               
and  agencies,   inspectorates,  other   institutions  of   state               
government, as  well  as  employees  specified  in  the  list  of               
offices. The  service of  these officials  shall not be connected               
with the term of office of the institutions which appoint them.                 
     Local authority officials of "A" level shall be controllers,               
their deputies  and other  employees specified  in  the  list  of               
offices who  assist local  authority politicians to fulfill their               
functions. The  service of the above officials shall be connected               
with the  duration of  the term  of office  of their  direct head               
officers.                                                                       
     Local authority  officials of  "B" level  shall be employees               
appointed in accordance with the procedure established by the Law               
on Local Self-government, as well as other employees specified in               
the list  of offices. The service of these officials shall not be               
connected with  the  duration  of  the  term  of  office  of  the               
institutions which appoint them.                                                
     The Seimas,  on the proposal of the Government, shall assign               
the offices to "A" level in the list of offices.                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 2                                           
                          CIVIL SERVICE                                         
                                                                                
     Article 7. Administration of the Civil Service                             
     The civil  service shall  be administered  by the Government               
which shall  give instructions  to the  ministries, state and, on               
coordination with the Association of Municipalities of Lithuania,               
municipal institutions.                                                         
     The   following   functions   shall   be   performed   while               
administering the civil service:                                                
     1) compilation  of a  data bank concerning the officials and               
storage of data;                                                                
     2) working  out of the basic provisions of the qualification               
requirements as  regards the  officials, and establishment of the               
procedure for determining the qualification categories;                         
     3) submission  of recommendations  to  state  and  municipal               
institutions on  the transfer  of  officials in the civil service               
in accordance with the procedure established by law;                            
     4) coordination of the officials' qualification improvement;               
     5) performance  of other  functions in  the sphere  of civil               
service administration  established by  this Law  and other laws;               
and                                                                             
     6) control over the implementation of this Law.                            
     The institution  which performs  the functions  of the civil               
service administration  shall coordinate  all its requirements to               
local authority officials with  the Association of Municipalities               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 8. The Obligation of Institutions Power and                        
               Government to Furnish Information                                
                                                                                
     State   and    municipal   institutions,   enterprises   and               
organisations must  furnish the  institutions authorised  by  the               
Government with  the information  required for  administering the               
civil service.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 9. Requirements for Obtaining Employment in the                    
               Civil Service                                                    
     Persons who are citizens of  the Republic of Lithuania, have               
a good  command of  state language and meet other requirements as               
regards qualification  prescribed as  necessary  for  the  office               
shall be employed in the civil service.                                         
                                                                                
     Article 10. Civil Service Employment Prohibition                           
     The following  persons may  not be  employed  in  the  civil               
service:                                                                        
     1) persons  tried for grave crimes, crimes against the civil               
service; and                                                                    
     2) persons  who  are  close  relatives  or  are  related  by               
marriage if  their service is connected with direct subordination               
between the relatives or with the right of one of them to control               
the other.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 11. Procedure of Employment in the Civil                           
               Service                                                          
     Officials of  "A" level  shall  be  employed  in  the  civil               
service in  accordance with  the  procedure  established  by  the               
Constitution, labour  legislation, and other laws of the Republic               
of Lithuania.  Employment contracts  of limited duration shall be               
concluded with  the above  officials for  the term  of office  of               
appropriate institutions or their heads.                                        
     Officials of  "B" level  shall  be  employed  in  the  civil               
service in  accordance with  the  procedure  established  by  the               
labour legislation  and other  laws. The  above officials  may be               
employed only  after having taken part in a public competition or               
upon passing examination to attest their qualification. The rules               
of the  competition and  examination shall  be  approved  by  the               
Government.                                                                     
     Prior to  their employment  officials shall  submit a health               
certificate in  accordance with  the form  set by the Ministry of               
Health Care.                                                                    
                                                                                
     Article 12.  Commencement of State Service                                 
     Officials shall  commence to  perform their  official duties               
from the  day of  their election,  appointment or  conclusion  of               
employment contract, unless the law or the contract of employment               
provides otherwise.                                                             
                                                                                
     Article 13. Service Certificate                                            
     Officials shall  be issued  service certificates of state or               
local authority  official no  later than within 5 days after they               
commence performing their official duties.                                      
     The form  of the  officials' service  certificate  shall  be               
approved by the Government.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 14. Duties of Officials                                            
     Officials must:                                                            
     1) observe  the Constitution  and laws  of the  Republic  of               
Lithuania;                                                                      
     2) implement  Government decrees,  other  legal  acts  which               
regulate their  functions as  well as  the tasks and instructions               
given to them by their chiefs;                                                  
     3) take decisions provided for in the laws determining their               
competence  and  in  office  regulations,  and  insist  that  the               
decisions be timely and accurately carried out;                                 
     4) comply  with the  established regulations of professional               
ethics;                                                                         
     5) perform  their  duties  faultlessly  and  in  a  cultured               
manner;                                                                         
     6)  improve  their  qualification  in  accordance  with  the               
procedure  established   by  the   Government  (local   authority               
officials   -   on   coordination   with   the   Association   of               
Municipalities of Lithuania);                                                   
     7)  keep   confidential  the   state  and   official  secret               
established by standard acts;                                                   
     8) guarantee  the open  character  of  their  work,  present               
information  on  their  work  to  the  residents  in  the  manner               
established by law;                                                             
     9) defend  the lawful  interests  of  the  state  and  local               
authority;                                                                      
     10) declare their property and income in accordance with the               
procedure established by law;                                                   
     11) officials of "B" level - when quitting the civil service               
to take  up employment  in private  business enterprises, offices               
and organisations,  must compensate  the state or local authority               
expenses connected  with the  improvement of  their qualification               
within the last three years;                                                    
     12) officials of "B" level - refrain from engaging in public               
and political  activities within  the office  premises and during               
working hours; and                                                              
     13) give  notice to the head official and, upon his consent,               
refrain from fulfilling a task in the event of a conflict between               
personal property  interests  and  the  task,  or  if  there  are               
arguments to  the effect  that personal  circumstances of private               
character may undermine the prestige of the civil service.                      
                                                                                
     Article 15. Rights of Officials                                            
     Officials shall have the right to:                                         
     1) refuse  to fulfill  a task or an instruction if, in their               
opinion, the  given task or instruction is not in conformity with               
the law;  the official  shall notify  the head of the institution               
thereof and  shall fulfill  the task  or instruction  only if  so               
requested in  writing by  the head  of the institution, except in               
cases where  the fulfillment  of the  task or  instruction  would               
constitute a  criminal act  or an  administrative violation;  the               
official must  no later  than on the next working day present the               
superior head  official with a justified statement declaring that               
he disagrees with the task or instruction. Responsibility for the               
effects of  fulfillment of  an unlawful task or instruction shall               
lie with the head official who gives the task or instruction;                   
     2)  at   the  expense   of  the  institution  improve  their               
qualifications for  15 to  30 days  in 2 years in accordance with               
the qualification  requirements set  for their office and receive               
official salary during the period; and                                          
     3) receive in-service training in other institutions as well               
as abroad in accordance with the procedure established by law.                  
                                                                                
     Article 16. Prohibitions for Officials                                     
     Officials shall be prohibited from:                                        
     1)  being  employed  in  other  enterprises,  offices    and               
organisations, being members of their managing bodies (unless the               
law provides  otherwise), being  employed  in another elective or               
appointive post, receiving any other salary with the exception of               
payment for creative activities;                                                
     2) being  the owner  of a personal enterprise, or general or               
limited members  of a  partnership, acquiring or holding in trust               
more than 10% of securities of one enterprise;                                  
     3) representing  the interests of other domestic and foreign               
enterprises, offices and organisations, and going abroad on their               
invitation;                                                                     
     4) going on strike;                                                        
     5)  using  the  office  property  for  other  than  official               
business;                                                                       
     6) using working hours and the opportunities provided by the               
office  for other than official purposes; and                                   
     7)  receiving  presents  for  the  performance  of  official               
duties, unless this is provided for by international protocol.                  
                                                                                
     Article 17. Assessment of  Officials' Work                                 
     The work  of officials  of "A"  level shall  be assessed  by               
their head officials.                                                           
     The work  of officials  of "B" level shall be assessed every               
year in accordance with the office internal regulations, and once               
in 3  years their  performance evaluation  shall be  made and the               
results thereof shall be used for determining their qualification               
category.                                                                       
     The evaluation  of  officials  shall  be  regulated  by  the               
general evaluation regulations approved by the Government.                      
     On the basis of the performance evaluation results, the head               
of the  institution shall take a decision, in accordance with the               
established procedure,  on the  amount of the official's official               
salary, his  promotion, demotion  or  dismissal  from  office  in               
accordance with the labour legislation.                                         
                                                                                
     Article 18. Incentives and Awards Given to Officials                       
     Officials  shall  be  given  the  following  incentives  and               
awards:                                                                         
     1)  a message of appreciation;                                             
     2) incentive bonus; and                                                    
     3) a present with the official's name inscribed  on it.                    
     For special  merits, for lasting faultless work in the civil               
service officials may be recommended for a national award.                      
                                                                                
     Article 19. Disciplinary Responsibility of Officials                       
     For failure  to fulfill official duties provided for by law,               
service regulations  or office  rules,  or  to  comply  with  the               
requirements provided  for by  Articles 14  and 16  of this  Law,               
officials, except  those to  whom the  law provides for a special               
type of  disciplinary responsibility,  may be  assigned,  on  the               
decision of  the head  of the institution, disciplinary penalties               
established  by   labour  legislation,  in  compliance  with  the               
procedure for assigning penalties as provided for by said laws.                 
                                                                                
     Article 20. Resignation and Dismissal from the Civil                       
               Service                                                          
     Resignation  means   the  official's   written   application               
submitted to  the head  of the  institution whereby  he  requests               
dismissal from  the civil  service in  the cases  provided for by               
this Article.                                                                   
     State and  local authority  officials of "A" level with whom               
employment contract of limited duration is concluded shall resign               
upon the expiry of the term of the contract.                                    
     Officials  of   "B"  level,   disagreeing  with  the  policy               
implemented by  the Seimas,  the President  or the Government, or               
with their  decisions or  actions may  resign if the criticism of               
the above  actions, passed  through all stages in accordance with               
the regular  course of business, produces no positive results. In               
the event  that the above officials declare their disagreement in               
the mass media, at political and other public events (except when               
such declarations  are made  during the  election campaign to the               
Seimas, the  office of the President or municipal councils), they               
tender their  resignation no  later than  within 14  days. Should               
they refuse  to resign,  they shall  be dismissed  from office in               
accordance  with   the  procedure   established  by   the  labour               
legislation and  shall be  considered dismissed  from  the  civil               
service.                                                                        
     The official's  voluntary resignation  specified in  part  3               
hereof must  be accepted on the grounds established by the labour               
legislation.                                                                    
     The officials'  employment relations  may terminate  on  the               
grounds determined by labour legislation.                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 3                                           
                  THE OFFICIALS' WORKING HOURS                                  
                      AND SOCIAL GUARANTEES                                     
                                                                                
     Article 21. The Working Hours of the Officials                             
     The duration  of  the  official's  working  hours  shall  be               
determined  by   labour  legislation.  On  the  decision  (order,               
instruction) of  the head of the institution they may be assigned               
longer working  hours. Working  overtime shall be  compensated in               
accordance with the procedure established by law.                               
     Article 22. Remuneration of Officials                                      
     Remuneration of  officials shall  consist  of  the  official               
salary and other payments established by law.                                   
     Salaries shall  be paid  out  of  the  state  and  municipal               
budgets.                                                                        
     Salaries of  officials shall  be  fixed  by  the  law  which               
regulates the  remuneration  of  employees  of  all  offices  and               
organisations financed out of the state and municipal budgets and               
the attribution of offices to appropriate categories.                           
                                                                                
     Article 23. Holidays of Officials                                          
     Officials shall  be granted  annual holiday  of 30  calendar               
days. In addition, two extra days shall be granted for each five-               
year period  of work in the civil service provided that the total               
length of annual holiday does not exceed 40 calendar days.                      
     The officials'  length of  service shall  be counted from 11               
March 1990.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 24. Guaranties Related to the Work in the Civil                    
               Service                                                          
     Upon the  resignation of  officials of  "A" level (part 2 of               
Article 20  of  this  Law),  the  institution  appointed  by  the               
Government (Article 7 of this Law) must offer them another office               
in the  civil  service  corresponding  to  their  profession  and               
qualification,   and in  the absence of such office - another job               
in the civil service.                                                           
     If it  is impossible to fulfill the requirements set in part               
1 hereof  within a month's period, as well as in the event of the               
official's refusal  to take  up another office or another job, he               
shall be  paid a  compensation in  the amount  of the  last three               
official salaries.                                                              
     The officials of "B" level may not be dismissed by reason of               
the resignation  in corpore  of the  Seimas, the  President,  the               
Government and  the municipal council or because of the expiry or               
change of  the term  of office  of the politicians (heads) of the               
above institutions.                                                             
                                                                                
     Article 25. Social Guarantees of Officials                                 
     Pensions for the officials shall be determined by the Law on               
State Social  Security Pensions  of the  Republic of Lithuania as               
well as other laws on pensions.                                                 
     In the  event of  an official's  death or  injury  owing  to               
reasons related  to the service, and if other laws provide for no               
compensations therefor  from the  state budget,  compensations in               
the following  amount shall  be paid  from the state or municipal               
budget:                                                                         
     1)   to the  family of the deceased - a sum in the amount of               
the last official salary of two and a half years; and                           
     2)    to  the injured  official - a sum in the amount of his               
last official  salary of  one to  two and  a half  years, varying               
according to the gravity of injury; the amount of compensation of               
                                                                                
the type  shall be  determined by the regulations approved by the               
Government.                                                                     
     Upon   the death  of the official because of reasons related               
to the  service, funeral  expenses shall  be accordingly  covered               
either by the state or the local authority.                                     
                                                                                
     Article 26. The Official's Expenses Related to his                         
               Moving to Another Locality                                       
     Official  who   is  transferred   to  another   locality  in               
accordance  with  the  procedure  established  by  law  shall  be               
compensated the  expenses incurred  by him in relation to moving.               
The sum of compensation shall be exempt from income tax.                        
     For the  purpose of  moving  the official shall be granted a               
leave from  work for  5 working  days   and shall be paid for the               
period his average monthly salary.                                              
     The guarantees  specified herein   shall  be applied  by the               
institution to which the official is transferred.                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 4                                           
                        FINAL PROVISIONS                                        
                                                                                
     Article 27. Appealing against the Actions of Officials                     
     Unlawful actions  and decisions of officials may be appealed               
against to  the head  of the  institution, whereas  the  latter's               
decisions may be appealed against in court.                                     
     Citizens' complaints  concerning the  abuse of  the official               
position or  bureaucracy of  the officials  shall  be  considered               
according to  the procedure  established by the Law on the Seimas               
Ombudsmen  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  whereas  complaints               
concerning other  actions and decisions of the officials shall be               
considered  in court.                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 28. The Procedure for Considering the                              
               Officials' Labour Disputes                                       
     Labour disputes  of the  officials shall  be  considered  in               
court.                                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 29. Coming into Effect of this Law                                 
     This Law shall come into effect on 1 May 1995.                             
                                                                                
     Article 30. Procedure for the Implementation of the Law                    
     The procedure  for the  implementation of  this Law shall be               
established by  the Resolution  of the  Seimas of the Republic of               
Lithuania "Regarding  the Implementation  of the Law on Officials               
of the Republic of Lithuania."                                                  
                                                                                
     I promulgate  this Law  passed by the Seimas of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
Algirdas Brazauskas                                                             
President of the Republic                                                       
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
4 April 1995                                                                    
No. I-836