REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                     
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                                                                                
                               ON                                               
                                                                                
                       THE STATE LANGUAGE                                       
                                                                                
                      I. GENERAL PROVISIONS                                     
                                                                                
     Article 1.  This Law  shall regulate  the use  of the  state               
language in  public life  of Lithuania, protection and control of               
the state  language, and the responsibility for violations of the               
Law on the State Language.                                                      
     The Law  shall not  regulate unofficial communication of the               
population and the language of events of religious communities as               
well as persons, belonging to ethnic communities.                               
     Other laws  of the  Republic of  Lithuania  and  legal  acts               
adopted  by  the  Seimas  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  shall               
guarantee the  right of persons, belonging to ethnic communities,               
to foster their language, culture and customs.                                  
                                                                                
     Article 2.  The Lithuanian language is the state language of               
the Republic of Lithuania.                                                      
                                                                                
         II. INSTITUTIONS, ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS                        
                                                                                
     Article 3. Laws of the Republic of Lithuania and other legal               
acts shall be adopted and promulgated in the state language.                    
                                                                                
     Article  4.   All  institutions,  offices,  enterprises  and               
organizations which  function in  the Republic of Lithuania shall               
conduct  business   and  keep  records,  reports,  financial  and               
technical documents in the state language.                                      
                                                                                
     Article 5. State and local government institutions, offices,               
enterprises and  organizations of the Republic of Lithuania shall               
conduct correspondence with each other in the state language.                   
                                                                                
     Article 6.  Heads, employees and officers of state and local               
government institutions,  offices, services,  as well  as  heads,               
employees and  officers of  the police, law-enforcement services,               
institutions of communications, transportation, health and social               
security  and   other  institutions  providing  services  to  the               
population must know the state language according to the language               
knowledge  categories,  established  by  the  Government  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 7. Heads of state and local government institutions,               
offices and  organizations, as  well as  heads of communications,               
transportation, health  and  social  security,  police  and  law-               
enforcement services,  trade  and  other  institutions  providing               
services to  the population  must ensure  that the  population be               
provided with services in the state language.                                   
                                                                                
                           III. COURTS                                          
                                                                                
     Article 8.  Legal proceedings  in the  Republic of Lithuania               
shall be conducted in the state language.                                       
     Participants in  the legal  proceedings, who do not know the               
state language,  shall  be  provided  with  the  services  of  an               
interpreter free of charge.                                                     
                                                                                
                        IV. TRANSACTIONS                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 9. All the transactions of legal and natural persons               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania shall  be conducted  in the  state               
language. Translations into one or more languages may be attached               
to them.                                                                        
     Transactions with  natural  and  legal  persons  of  foreign               
states shall  be conducted  in the  state  language  and  another               
language acceptable to both parties.                                            
                                                                                
                       V. OFFICIAL EVENTS                                       
                                                                                
     Article 10. Official events (sessions, congresses, meetings,               
sittings,  conferences,   etc.)  organized  by  state  and  local               
government institutions,  state offices  and enterprises shall be               
conducted in  the state  language. In  the events, when a speaker               
uses another  language, translation  into the state language must               
be provided.                                                                    
     Paragraph  1  of  this  Article  shall  not  be  applied  to               
international events organized in the Republic of Lithuania.                    
                                                                                
                    VI. EDUCATION AND CULTURE                                   
                                                                                
     Article 11.  The State  shall guarantee the residents of the               
Republic of  Lithuania the  right to acquire general, vocational,               
higher  post-school   and  university   education  in  the  state               
language.                                                                       
     The conditions  for acquiring general education in the state               
language shall  be guaranteed  within the entire territory of the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 12.  All secondary schools of general education must               
teach the state language in the manner prescribed by the State.                 
                                                                                
     Article 13. Audiovisual programmes, motion pictures publicly               
shown in  Lithuania must be translated into the state language or               
shown with subtitles in Lithuanian.                                             
Paragraph 1  of this Article shall not be applied to teaching and               
special programmes  and events,  as well as events and programmes               
held for  a certain  occasion or intended for ethnic communities,               
and also  to radio  and television programmes or texts of musical               
works of foreign states which are broadcasted in Lithuania.                     
                                                                                
                           VII. NAMES                                           
                                                                                
     Article  14.   In  the   Republic  of   Lithuania  official,               
standardized genders of place-names shall be written in the state               
language.                                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 15.  Genders,  which  are  prescribed  by  laws,  of               
personal names of the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania shall               
be used in the Republic of Lithuania.                                           
Personal names  shall be  changed and  corrected  in  the  manner               
prescribed by laws.                                                             
                                                                                
     Article  16.   Names  of   all  enterprises,   offices   and               
organizations, functioning  in the Republic of Lithuania shall be               
formed adhering  to the  norms of the Lithuanian language and the               
rules approved  by the State Lithuanian Language Commission under               
the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.                                        
                                                                                
                   VIII. SIGNS AND INFORMATION                                  
                                                                                
     Article 17.  In the Republic of Lithuania public signs shall               
be in the state language.                                                       
     Seals, stamps,  letterheads, plaques,  signs in  offices and               
other places  of enterprises,  institutions and  organizations of               
the Republic of Lithuania, as well as names of goods and services               
provided in  Lithuania and  their descriptions,  must be  in  the               
state language.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 18.  Names of  organizations of  ethnic communities,               
their informational  signs may  be rendered  in  other  languages               
along with the state language.                                                  
The format of signs in other languages cannot be larger than that               
of signs in the state language.                                                 
                                                                                
              IX. CORRECTNESS OF THE STATE LANGUAGE                             
                                                                                
     Article 19.  The State  shall enhance  the prestige  of  the               
correct Lithuanian  language, provide  conditions for  protecting               
linguistic  norms,  personal  names,  place-names,  dialects  and               
written language  monuments, ensure  the material  basis for  the               
state language  functioning, provide  general assistance  to  the               
Lithuanian language  studies as  a priority scientific branch and               
to the  scholarly institutions which study this language, as well               
as to  publishing of books on the Lithuanian language science and               
practice.                                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 20.  The State  Lithuanian Language Commission shall               
establish the  trends and  tasks of the state language protection               
and approve linguistic norms.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 21.  Requirements for  the knowledge  of the correct               
state  language   shall  be   included  into   the  qualification               
evaluation regulations  of civil  servants, pedagogues, employees               
of mass  media and  publishing and  shall be  applied taking into               
consideration the qualification and the work status.                            
                                                                                
     Article 22.  Mass media of Lithuania (the press, television,               
radio, etc.), all publishers of books and other publications must               
observe the norms of the correct Lithuanian language.                           
                                                                                
     Article 23. All public signs must be correct.                              
                                                                                
                  X. RESPONSIBILITY AND CONTROL                                 
                                                                                
     Article 24.  Any actions  against the  state language status               
which is  established by  the Constitution  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania shall be prohibited.                                                  
     Heads of  institutions, offices,  enterprises, services  and               
organizations shall  be responsible  for the  direct execution of               
the provisions of this Law.                                                     
     Persons  who  violate  this  Law  shall  be  liable  in  the               
procedure established by laws.                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 25.  The enforcement of this Law shall be controlled               
by the  Language Inspection  of  the  State  Lithuanian  Language               
Commission under the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.                       
                                                                                
     Article 26.  When this  Law becomes effective, the following               
documents shall be declared invalid:                                            
     the Decree  of the  Presidium of  the Supreme  Soviet of the               
Lithuanian SSR on the Use of the State Language of the Lithuanian               
SSR, adopted 25 January 1989 (řin., 1989, No.4-11); and                         
     the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian               
SSR on  the Measures  to Ensure  the Use of State Language of the               
Lithuanian SSR,  adopted on  20 February  1989 (řin., 1989, No.7-               
51).                                                                            
                                                                                
     Article 27.  This Law  shall be enforced pursuant to the Law               
on the Enforcement of the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the               
State Language.                                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
     I promulgate  this Law enacted by the Seimas of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
Algirdas Brazauskas                                                             
President of the Republic                                                       
Vilnius                                                                         
31 January 1995                                                                 
No.I-779