REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                           
                               LAW                                              
                    ON FUNDAMENTALS OF PROTECTION                               
                      OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                              Chapter I                                         
                                                                                
                          GENERAL PROVISIONS                                    
                                                                                
     Article 1. Purpose of the Law                                              
      1.  The  purpose  of  this  Law  is  improvement  of  legal               
protection  of children within the country, through establishment               
of principles in defence of the rights and freedoms of the child,               
co-ordinated  with the Constitution of the Republic of  Lithuania               
and international law norms and principles.                                     
      2.  Within this Law are established the fundamental rights,               
freedoms  and  obligations of the child, and the  most  important               
guarantees  of  protection  and  defence  of  these  rights   and               
freedoms,  based  upon  the  Constitution  of  the  Republic   of               
Lithuania, the 1959 United Nations Declaration on the  Rights  of               
the  Child,  the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child,  and               
other  norms  and principles of international law,  while  taking               
into  account  the specific situation of the child within  family               
and  society  and  national law traditions,  fundamental  rights,               
freedoms  and  obligations of the child and  the  most  important               
guarantees for the defence thereof. This Law also shall  regulate               
the   fundamental  conditions  in  child  behaviour  control  and               
liability thereof, establish parental liability and that of other               
natural and legal persons for violations of the provisions of the               
general  rights of the child, the system of institutions for  the               
protection of the rights of the child and the legal principles of               
activity thereof.                                                               
                                                                                
     Article 2. Concept of the Child                                            
      A  child is a human being below the age of 18 years, unless               
otherwise established by laws.                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 3. Legal Representatives of the Child                              
      Legal representatives of the child shall be parents, foster               
parents,  guardians,  custodians  and  other  persons,   who   in               
accordance  with the law or other legal act, must  care  for  the               
child,  educate  him, support him, represent him and  defend  his               
rights and rightful interests.                                                  
                                                                                
      Article  4. General Provisions in Defence of the Rights  of               
          the Child                                                             
      Parents,  other legal representatives of the child,  state,               
municipal  government and public institutions and  other  natural               
and  legal  persons  must abide by the following  provisions  and               
principles:                                                                     
      1)  legal interests of the child must always and everywhere               
be given priority consideration;                                                
      2) a child shall have the right to avail himself of all the               
child rights and freedoms established by the Constitution of  the               
Republic of Lithuania, this Law and other laws and legal acts;                  
      3) every child shall enjoy equal rights with other children               
and  can not be discriminated against for reasons of his parents'               
or  other  legal child representatives' gender, age, nationality,               
race,  language,  religion,  convictions,  social,  monetary  and               
family position, state of health or any other circumstances;                    
      4)  every child shall be given an opportunity to be healthy               
and  develop normally physically and mentally, prior to his birth               
as much as afterwards, and upon birth, a child must be guaranteed               
an  opportunity  to also, develop morally and to  participate  in               
life within society;                                                            
      5)  no child must be left without a home, minimum funds  of               
subsistence and care or guardianship;                                           
      6)  transactions drawn up in violation of the rights  of  a               
child   (leaving   child  without  a  home,  minimal   means   of               
subsistence, care, guardianship), other acts that shall limit  or               
otherwise restrict a child's personal, property and other  rights               
and freedoms, shall be considered invalid;                                      
      7)  parents and other legal representatives of a child must               
first safeguard the rights of a child.                                          
                                                                                
      Article  5. Laws and Other Legal Acts Establishing  the                   
          Child's Rights and their Protection                                   
      1.  The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this and               
other laws and legal acts establish child rights and freedoms and               
the protection thereof.                                                         
      2. In resolving the disputes arising, whenever the laws  or               
other  legal  acts  regulate relations linked  with  the  rights,               
freedoms  and  protection thereof, of a child,  differently  from               
this  Law,  or in cases whereby these relations are not regulated               
by laws, appropriate provisions of this Law shall be applied.                   
                                                                                
       Article  6.  Basic  Guarantees  of  the  Rights  of  Child               
          Protection                                                            
      Rights  of  the child shall be protected and guaranteed  as               
follows:                                                                        
      1)  parents or other legal representatives of a child  must               
create conditions suitable for a child to live and grow up within               
a family and to take care of him;                                               
       2)  laws  and  other  legal  acts  shall  be  adopted  and               
implemented;                                                                    
      3)  appropriate state and municipal institutions  shall  be               
created and tasked with implementation of protection of rights of               
the child;                                                                      
      4)  special  programmes and measures shall be prepared  and               
implemented;                                                                    
     5) preventive educative measures shall be applied: way shall               
be barred for criminal activity and other violations of law;                    
      6)  state and municipal institutions shall allot  funds  to               
prepare and implement protection measures for protection  of  the               
rights of the child;                                                            
      7) funds and other material valuables derived for children,               
through charity sources, would be utilised expediently;                         
      8)  appropriate  social activity, in public  organisations,               
traditional and state-recognised religious communities,  relevant               
to  protection  of  rights and freedoms of the  child,  shall  be               
encouraged and supported.                                                       
                                                                                
                              Chapter II                                        
                                                                                
             FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF THE CHILD                       
                                                                                
     Article 7. Right of the Child to Life and Growth                           
      1. Every child shall have the inalienable right to life and               
growth.                                                                         
       2.  All  types  of  scientific  experimentation  or  other               
experimentation involving a child, that may be detrimental to his               
life,   health,   or  normal  personal  development,   shall   be               
prohibited.  This  prohibition  shall  also  apply  even  in  the               
presence of an agreement by the child, his parents or other legal               
representatives of the child.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 8. Right of the Child to Good Health                               
      The  right  of the child to good health shall be guaranteed               
by:                                                                             
      1)  measures  allowing  creation  of  a  healthy  and  safe               
environment for the child;                                                      
     2) health care for children and their mothers (fathers);                   
      3) prophylaxis of children's diseases and qualified medical               
assistance;                                                                     
      4)production  of  food  products suitable  in  quality  for               
children;                                                                       
      5)  promotion of healthy life style (information, education               
etc.,);                                                                         
       6)   other  guarantees  and  privileges  of  child  health               
protection established by laws.                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 9. Right of the Child to Individual Identity and its               
               Preservation                                                     
      1.  From  birth the child shall have the right to  a  name,               
surname, nationality and citizenship, a right to family and other               
ties linked to his individual identity and their preservation.                  
      2. The rights of the child and their guarantees, listed  in               
the  first part of this Article, shall be established by the Code               
on Marriage and Family, the Law on Citizenship and other laws and               
legal acts.                                                                     
                                                                                
      Article  10. Right of the Child to Personal Life,  Personal               
          Inviolability and Freedom                                             
       1.  The  child  shall  have  a  right  to  personal  life,               
associations,  privacy in correspondence, personal  inviolability               
and  freedom.  These rights and freedoms shall be  protected  and               
defended  by the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania,  this               
Law and other laws and legal acts.                                              
     2. A child shall not be tortured and injured, his honour and               
dignity be degraded and be subjected to cruel treatment.                        
                                                                                
     Article 11. Right of the Child to Living Conditions                        
     The right of the child to living conditions is vital for his               
physical, intellectual, spiritual and moral development and shall               
be  ensured by parents, other legal representatives of the  child               
and municipal institutions.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 12. Property Rights of the Child                                   
      1.  The  child shall have the right to property,  which  is               
guarded  and  defended by the Constitution  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, this Law and other laws.                                             
      2.  The  child's  property rights,  their  acquisition  and               
implementation shall be regulated by Civil, Marriage  and  Family               
Codes, and other laws and legal acts.                                           
      3.  Upon  due consideration as to his capability,  a  child               
shall  have  the  right  either  himself  or  through  his  legal               
representatives,  to draw up transactions, maintain  deposits  in               
institutions of credit and dispose of it for income or  stipends,               
to  implement other ownership rights, which shall be  established               
through corresponding laws and legal acts.                                      
      4.  Parents or other legal representatives of the child may               
dispose  of the property belonging to the child through right  of               
ownership,  only upon securing findings issued by an  institution               
for protection of the rights of the child, that such transactions               
shall not be contrary to the interests of the child.                            
      5. In dividing property, which is the joint property of the               
marriage  partners  (parents), the rights  of  ownership  of  the               
children must be considered in every regard.                                    
                                                                                
     Article 13. Right of the Child to a Home                                   
     1. This and other laws and legal acts shall defend the right               
of the child to a home.                                                         
      2.  An orphan (child whose parents are deceased) or a child               
who  has been left without parental care or guardianship, and has               
been remanded to a home for children, relatives, and the care  of               
other   individuals,   regardless  of   whether   or   not   care               
(guardianship)  had been established for him,  shall  maintain  a               
right to the home, where he lived previously, or another home  of               
equal  quality  shall  be  assigned him  according  to  procedure               
established by laws.                                                            
     3. An orphan left without parental care and guardianship and               
without  a  home to live in, shall be provided one  according  to               
procedure established by laws.                                                  
      4.  An  orphan left without parental care and guardianship,               
may  not be moved from his home without being provided a home  of               
equal quality.                                                                  
      5. When parents or other legal representatives of the child               
shall   implement   inadequately  or  fail   to   implement   the               
requirements set forth in Article 11 of this Law, the findings by               
an institution for protection of the rights of the child shall be               
required in the mortgaging, sale or giving away of the home where               
the  child resides, to demonstrate that such transactions are not               
contrary to interests of the child.                                             
                                                                                
     Article 14. Social Rights of the Child                                     
      1. The child shall have the right to an education, right to               
acquire  a  profession, to choose a job and also, the freedom  of               
thought, conscience, religion and speech and the right to use  of               
various  humanitarian information and dissemination  thereof,  to               
participation   in   public   life,   peaceful   assemblies   and               
organisations,  and  the right to freedom of  expression  of  his               
opinions.                                                                       
      2.  The  child  shall have author's right to his  creation,               
invention or discovery.                                                         
      3.  Social  rights of the child indicated in  this  Article               
shall  be established, protected and defended by this Law,  other               
laws and legal acts.                                                            
                                                                                
      Article  15.  Right  of the Child to State  Assistance  and               
          Maintenance                                                           
      1.  Every child who does not receive sufficient maintenance               
from  his  parents  or legal representatives, shall  be  rendered               
state  assistance. The size, provision procedure  and  conditions               
whereof, shall be established by laws and other legal acts.                     
      2.  An  orphan  or  child left without  parental  care  and               
guardianship  shall  be  supported by  the  state,  according  to               
procedure  established by laws. Every such child,  regardless  of               
the form of care (state, private, social, family, personal), must               
be  ensured  equal  material conditions by the  state  and  local               
municipal institutions.                                                         
                                                                                
     Article 16. Right of the Child to Rest and Leisure                         
      1.  A  child  shall  have the right to  rest  and  leisure,               
appropriate for his age, health and needs.                                      
     2. A child must be ensured an opportunity and conditions for               
play.                                                                           
      3.  State and municipal institutions establish and  support               
children's  sport, creative endeavour, leisure and health  clubs,               
camps, family leisure homes and sanatoriums and create conditions               
for  children  to  take advantage of privileges  granted  through               
social insurance.                                                               
     4. The laws shall guarantee rest and leisure of children.                  
                                                                                
       Article  17.  Rights  of  Children  Belonging  to   Ethnic               
          Communities                                                           
               (Minorities) of the Republic of Lithuania                        
     Children belonging to ethnic communities (minorities) of the               
Republic  of Lithuania shall have the right to develop their  own               
language,  culture, customs and traditions. This right  shall  be               
ensured  by  the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania,  laws               
and other legal acts.                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 18. Rights of the Refugee Child                                    
      1.  A  child,  who  shall be recognised  as  a  refugee  in               
accordance with the laws, shall have the right to assistance  and               
protection.  If  necessary, a search shall be conducted  for  the               
parents   and  relatives  of  the  child  or  other  persons   or               
institutions. to whom he may be turned over.                                    
      2.  A child refugee shall be applied provisions of the  Law               
"On The Status of Refugees within The Republic of Lithuania."                   
      Article  19.  Right  of the Child to Participate  in  Child               
Protection Programmes                                                           
     A child shall have the right to take part, either on his own               
or  through  his  legal representatives, in the  preparation  and               
implementation of child right protection programmes.                            
                                                                                
                           Chapter III                                          
                                                                                
                       THE CHILD AND THE FAMILY                                 
                                                                                
      Article 20. Establishment of the Rights of the Child within               
          the Family                                                            
      The  rights of the child within the family shall be defined               
by  the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this Law,  the               
Marriage and Family Code, other laws and legal acts.                            
                                                                                
       Article   21.  Obligation  of  Parents  or   Other   Legal               
          Representatives of the                                                
               hild to Bring up, Care For and Support the Child                 
     1. Parents or other legal representatives of the child shall               
be  obliged  to create conditions for the child to grow,  develop               
and  improve  and  to bring up their children as  humanely  moral               
individuals.                                                                    
      2.  Both  parents must be equally involved in  the  child's               
upbringing,  provide suitable care, material support  and  ensure               
availability of a home for him.                                                 
      3.  In  the  event  of a dispute in establishing  paternity               
(maternity), all possible proofs must be considered, which  would               
attest  to  the  fact that the respondent is  indeed  the  father               
(mother) of the child.                                                          
                                                                                
      Article  22.  State  Assistance  of  Families  Raising  and               
          Bringing up Children                                                  
     The state shall assist families (especially large ones), who               
are  raising and bringing up children, by designating,  according               
to  procedure  established by laws, maternity (paternity),  child               
birth  as  well  as family benefits, and providing  parents  with               
special-purpose  vacations  and  providing  them  assistance  and               
privileges.                                                                     
                                                                                
      Article  23.  Right of the Child to Live  with  Parents  or               
          Persons Representing Them                                             
      1. A child shall have the right to live with his parents or               
other legal representatives.                                                    
      2.  To separate a child from his parents or his other legal               
representatives against the will of the child, as well as that of               
his  parents  (legal representatives), shall  be  permitted  only               
under  extraordinary  circumstances, provided  for  by  laws  and               
according  to  the  established procedure,  based  upon  a  court               
decision  (verdict) and when such a separation becomes  necessary               
for the child (striving to avoid danger to the life and health of               
the child, and it becomes necessary to become concerned about his               
care  and upbringing and to protect other important interests  of               
the child).                                                                     
     3. In the event of danger being posed to life or health of a               
child, he may be immediately separated from his parents, or other               
legal  representatives, in accordance with the norms  established               
by the Marriage and Family Code.                                                
      4. Disputes arising over the child's place of residence, in               
cases  wherein the parents live separately, shall be resolved  by               
the  court, guided by the Marriage and Family Code norms. In  the               
resolution  of  such  disputes, priority  consideration  must  be               
accorded  to  interests  and  desires  of  a  child,  capable  of               
expressing  his  own opinion, as to which one of his  parents  he               
would desire to live with.                                                      
                                                                                
      Article  24. Right of the Child to Associate with Separated               
          Parents                                                               
     1. A child shall have the right to receive information about               
the  mother  or  father, who does not live  with  him,  with  the               
exception  of  instances  wherein  this  could  prove  to  be  of               
detriment to the child.                                                         
      2.  The  opportunity to associate with mother,  father  and               
close relatives, who do not live with him, should be ensured  for               
the  child, with the exception of instances established  by  law,               
wherein  such association could prove to be of detriment  to  the               
child.                                                                          
     3. The court shall resolve disputes regarding implementation               
(or  restriction) of rights of the child, set forth in parts  one               
and two of this Article.                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 25. Care and Guardianship                                          
      1.  Care (guardianship) shall be established, according  to               
procedure  established by laws, for a child left without  parents               
or their care.                                                                  
      2. In establishing the care (guardianship), an attempt must               
be  made  to  create conditions enabling him  to  live  within  a               
family, along with his brothers and sisters.                                    
                                                                                
     Article 26. Foster Care                                                    
     1. In order to ensure that a child left without his parents,               
may   be   provided  an  opportunity  of  growing  up  in  family               
surroundings, he may be placed in foster care.                                  
      2.  The  Marriage  and  Family Code and  other  legal  acts               
establish   conditions  regarding  foster  care  and  dissolution               
thereof, and the procedure and legal consequences of such.                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           Chapter IV                                           
                                                                                
                       THE DISABLED CHILD                                       
                                                                                
      Article 27. Concept of the Disabled Child and Regulation of               
          his Rights                                                            
      1.  A disabled child is a child, having some congenital  or               
acquired  physical  or  mental  disabilities,  which  have   been               
determined by a child health care institution and which interfere               
with  his  ability  to develop normally and  his  adaptation  and               
integration into society.                                                       
      2. This Law, the Law on Social Integration of the Disabled,               
other  laws and legal acts shall establish the rights of disabled               
children and guarantees thereof.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 28. Right of the Disabled Child to Experience a Full               
          - valued Life                                                         
      A  disabled  child  shall  have equal  rights  with  normal               
children to lead an active life, develop and acquire an education               
befitting  his physical and mental potential and desires,  to  be               
engaged in work that suits him and to participate in creative and               
social activity.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 29. Special Care of the Disabled Child                             
      1.  Recognising his special needs, a disabled  child  shall               
have the right to obtain special (extraordinary) care. The person               
who  cares  for him, shall be rendered social, medical and  other               
assistance.                                                                     
      2.  A  disabled  child shall have the right  to  privileged               
services  by  treatment providing institutions,  sanatoriums  and               
resorts,  as provided by laws and other legal acts. He  shall  be               
given qualified medical assistance based on early diagnosis,  and               
provided  appropriate  corrective  and  rehabilitative  treatment               
methods.   This  assistance  shall  be  provided   by   physician               
specialists,  prosthetics  experts,  rehabilitation  experts  and               
other  medical  specialists  and,  when  dictated  by  necessity,               
treatment  will  be  scheduled  in  institutions  of  specialised               
medicine.                                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 30. Adaptation of Environment for the Disabled Child               
     1. Public buildings, streets and transportation means, which               
are  to  be  used  by a disabled child, shall be adapted  to  the               
special needs of a disabled child.                                              
      2.  Specially  adapted accommodations  shall  be  installed               
within institutions intended for these children.                                
      3.  State and municipal executive institutions shall ensure               
according  to  their competence and potential, that  requirements               
indicated  in  parts  one  and two  of  this  Article,  would  be               
implemented.                                                                    
                                                                                
     Article 31. Funds for Disabled Children                                    
     1. Parents and other legal representatives of the child, who               
are  raising and caring for a disabled child at home, shall  have               
the right to obtain required assistance from the state budget.                  
      2. The laws and other legal acts shall establish the amount               
of assistance, procedure of payment and other conditions.                       
                                                                                
      Article  32. Guarantees of Social Activity (Employment)  of               
          the Disabled Child                                                    
       1.  State  and  municipal  institutions  must  create  the               
necessary  conditions for education of the  disabled  child,  his               
professional   preparedness   and,   in   accordance   to    work               
opportunities  and  also,  by taking  into  account  the  health,               
special needs and talents of such a child.                                      
      2.  Allowances and privileges established by laws and other               
legal   acts  shall  be  applied  to  people,  institutions   and               
organisations, employing a disabled child.                                      
                                                                                
      Article  33. Preparation of Teachers, Educators and  Social               
          Workers for Work with Physically or Mentally                          
          Disabled Children                                                     
     Teachers, educators and social workers shall receive special               
training  for  work  with  children having  physical  and  mental               
disabilities.  The Ministry of Education and Science  along  with               
the  Ministry of Social Security and Labour, shall be responsible               
for special purpose programmes intended for this type of work.                  
                                                                                
                            Chapter V                                           
                                                                                
                      CHILD AND THE SCHOOL                                      
                                                                                
      Article  34. General Provisions of Rights of the  Child  to               
          Education                                                             
      1.  The  child shall have the right to an education,  which               
would   develop   his  general  cultural  knowledge,   intellect,               
abilities,  views,  moral  and social responsibility,  and  would               
create conditions for development of his personality.                           
     2. Every child must be assured the opportunities of learning               
to  respect  his parents, educators, teachers, other people,  his               
native  language,  the  state  language  and  culture  and  other               
languages   and  cultures  and  nature,  of  preparing   for   an               
independent existence and work and of becoming a useful member of               
society.                                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 35. Guarantees of Right of the Child to Education                  
     1. The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on               
Education, this Law and other laws and legal acts shall guarantee               
the right of the child to an education.                                         
     2. The following fundamental guarantees of this right of the               
child to an education shall be implemented within the Republic of               
Lithuania:                                                                      
      1) education shall be compulsory for children under the age               
of 16;                                                                          
      2)  taking  under advisement the age of the child  and  his               
level of education, the parents or other legal representatives of               
the   child  shall  have  the  right  to  select  an  educational               
institution, form and methods of learning in accordance with  the               
child's  mental  capacity, convictions and talents.  The  child's               
opinion shall also be considered in resolving this question;                    
      3) every child shall have the right to a free education  at               
state  and municipal general education and professional  training               
schools as well as universities;                                                
      4)  university education shall be accessible to every child               
according to his abilities. Free education shall be guaranteed at               
state  universities to those children who excel in their  studies               
and are citizens of the Republic of Lithuania;                                  
      5)  an  orphan  and also a child who has been  deprived  of               
parental  care  (guardianship) or  a  child  who  does  not  have               
sufficient material support, studying at an institution,  college               
or  university  of general and professional education,  shall  be               
granted additional state and municipal institution support ( free               
meals,  hostel, special or increased stipends, etc.), established               
by   laws   or  other  legal  acts.  Admission  privileges   into               
professional school, college and also university, established  by               
laws or other legal acts, may be applied for this type of child;                
     6) parents and other legal representatives of the child must               
create  conditions enabling the child to acquire  the  compulsory               
education  or  a  possibility  of study  until  the  age  of  16.               
Individuals who shall fail to implement this requirement shall be               
held liable according to procedure established by laws.                         
     3. Education and science system of the Republic of Lithuania               
shall be regulated by laws.                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 36. Development of Talent and Abilities of the Child               
      Every  child  shall  have  the  right  to  the  support  of               
educational  and  other  state  institutions  in  unfolding   and               
developing his talents and abilities. For this purpose the  State               
and its corresponding institutions shall:                                       
      1)  create the necessary conditions and grant all  children               
equal opportunities to unfold and develop their talents;                        
      2)  establish personal and increased grants for very gifted               
(talented)  children  and encourage and  support  them  by  other               
means;                                                                          
     3) encourage international co-operation within this realm.                 
                                                                                
      Article  37.  Supervision of Children Who Avoid  Compulsory               
          Education                                                             
      Educational  institutions must inform the  children,  other               
legal  representatives  of  child, institutions  of  child  right               
protection  and  other  institutions  about  children  who  avoid               
compulsory education, and concurrently, must employ measures that               
would  encourage children to attend school constantly, and reduce               
the number of pupils who have dropped out of school.                            
                                                                                
      Article 38. Right to Education of the Child, Whose  Freedom               
          Has Been Deprived or Limited                                          
      Conditions  must be created for compulsory education  of  a               
child who has been deprived of freedom for a specified length  of               
time,  in instances established by law, as a result of committing               
a crime or another violation of law.                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           Chapter VI                                           
                                                                                
                      THE CHILD AND LABOUR                                      
                                                                                
     Article 39. General Provisions in Child Labour Activity                    
      1. Child labour activity shall be regulated by the Code  of               
Labour Laws, this Law and other laws.                                           
      2. The child shall have the right to work commensurate with               
his   age,   state  of  health,  general  education   level   and               
professional expertise. Work shall be chosen freely.                            
      3.  Having  attained  16  years of  age  and  unwilling  or               
incapable of continuing the studies, he may work.                               
     4. The Law on Labour Contracts and other laws shall regulate               
employment  of children under 16, their dismissal from  work  and               
the conditions of their labour.                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 40. Safety of Children at Work                                     
     1. Employers must guarantee safe work for children.                        
      2.  In instances established by laws, working children must               
undergo a health examination prior to being employed.                           
      3. Children shall have the right to shortened work time and               
longer vacation time than that of adults and other guarantees and               
privileges established by laws.                                                 
                                                                                
      Article 41. Reserving of Work Places for Orphans and  Other               
          Children, Tax Reliefs for Employers                                   
      1.  Additional employment guarantees, established by  laws,               
shall   be  applied  to  orphans,  left  without  parental   care               
(guardianship) or to children lacking in vital material support.                
      2.  Privileges  shall  be applied  according  to  procedure               
established  by laws, to employees who shall reserve work  places               
for children listed in part one of this Article and employ them.                
                                                                                
      Article  42.  Protection of the Child from Exploitation  at               
          Work                                                                  
      1.  State  and municipal institutions prohibit natural  and               
legal  persons  from  exploitation of,  or  other  discrimination               
against a working child. A child may not be entrusted with a  job               
or  occupation, detrimental to health or education  or  one  that               
would   interfere  with  his  physical,  intellectual  or   moral               
maturity.                                                                       
      2.  The  state shall protect the child from  all  forms  of               
exploitation  at  work  through use of social,  legal,  economic,               
medical and upbringing measures.                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER VII                                          
                                                                                
                  CHILD AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT                                  
                                                                                
      Article  43.  General Provisions of Child  Protection  from               
          Influence of Negative Social Environment                              
      1.  State and municipal institutions and other natural  and               
legal  persons  must  protect  the  child  from  negative  social               
environment influence. Propagation of a healthy lifestyle and law-              
based education of children constitute fundamental directions  of               
state social policy and activity.                                               
     2. Administrative or criminal liability shall be applied for               
demonstration  of physical and mental violence  to  children  and               
their inclusion into criminal or other illegal types of activity.               
     3. Necessary assistance should be rendered to a child victim               
of  crime, violence or other improper activity, in order that  he               
may regain his health following the physical or mental trauma  he               
has experienced and reintegrate into the social environment.                    
      4. Upon becoming aware of a child in need of assistance,  a               
natural   or  legal  person  must  report  this  to  the  police,               
institution  for  the protection of the rights of  the  child  or               
another competent institution.                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 44. Protection of the Child from Alcoholic Beverages               
          and Smoking                                                           
      1.  An  attitude  against  smoking  and  use  of  alcoholic               
beverages should be fostered in children. Children shall  not  be               
allowed  to  work  in  jobs linked with production  or  sales  of               
tobacco products or alcoholic beverages.                                        
      2.  Administrative or criminal liability shall be incurred,               
as  provided  by  laws,  for  getting  a  child  intoxicated  and               
involving him in drinking.                                                      
                                                                                
      Article  45.  Protection  of the  Child  from  the  Use  of               
          Narcotic, Toxic and Other Strong Substances and                       
          Materials                                                             
     1. Child must be protected from the use of illegal narcotic,               
toxic  and other substance and material types, that have a strong               
effect  on  the  organism,  production  of  such  substances  and               
materials, their sales or other types of dissemination.                         
      2. Administrative or criminal liability, in accordance with               
laws,  shall  be  applied for involving a child  in  the  use  of               
narcotic,  toxic or other substances and materials  that  have  a               
strong effect on the organism.                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 46. The Child and Games, Films and Media                           
      The  demonstration, sale, gifts and propagation and rentals               
to   children  of  toys,  movies,  audio  and  video  recordings,               
literature,  newspapers, magazines and other publications,  which               
directly  promote  and propagate war, cruel behaviour,  violence,               
and  pornography,  or  otherwise harm  the  spiritual  and  moral               
development of the child, shall be prohibited. Administrative  or               
criminal  liability, established by laws, shall  be  applied  for               
these activities.                                                               
                                                                                
     Article 47. Protection of the Child from Sexual Exploitation               
      1. Administrative or criminal liability, in accordance with               
the laws, shall be applied for encouraging or coercing a child to               
take  part  in  sexual  activity, using him for  prostitution  or               
involving him in prostitution, using him for pornography, as well               
as  in  production or dissemination of pornographic publications,               
or other materials of a pornographic or erotic nature.                          
      2.  Children  must be taught to avoid sexual  coercion  and               
exploitation.                                                                   
                                                                                
                          Chapter VIII                                          
                                                                                
    FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS                   
          OF HIS RESPONSIBILITY AND BEHAVIOURAL CONTROL                         
                                                                                
      Article 48. Fundamental Duties of the Child and Development               
          of His Responsibility                                                 
     1. A child is a member of society and in availing himself of               
his  rights  he must observe the established norms of  behaviour,               
the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this Law and other               
laws and provisions of legal acts and respect the rights of other               
people.                                                                         
     2. The child must:                                                         
      1)  respect his parents, and other family members, care for               
them  in  their old age, instances of illness or other disability               
and  help  his  parents  and  other family  members  in  need  of               
assistance;                                                                     
      2)  respect  his educators, other adults and children,  not               
violate their rights and rightful interests;                                    
      3)  observe  the  dictates of adopted norms  of  behaviour,               
within  learning  and educative institutions, public  places,  at               
work and in everyday surroundings;                                              
      4)  respect  and  preserve cultural and historical  values,               
nature, and public and private property.                                        
      3.  The  child must be brought up to fulfil his obligations               
and  himself be responsible for his behaviour within the  family,               
educational and training institutions, public places, at work and               
within social environment.                                                      
                                                                                
       Article  49.  Application  of  Discipline  and  Compulsory               
          Education Measures to Child                                           
      1. Parents and other legal representatives of the child may               
appropriately,  according  to  their  judgement,  discipline  the               
child,  for avoiding to carry out his duties and for disciplinary               
infractions,  with the exception of physical and mental  torture,               
other  cruel behaviour and the humiliation of the child's  honour               
and dignity.                                                                    
       2.   Disciplinary  and  educative  enforcement   measures:               
criticism, reprimand, severe reprimand, appropriate evaluation of               
behaviour  and other enforcement means, established by laws,  may               
be   applied  to  a  child  for  violations  of  internal   order               
regulations of teaching and educative (care) institutions.                      
      3.  For constant and malignant violations of law and order,               
and  also  for perpetration of dangerous (criminal) activity,  if               
for  reasons  of his age, state of health or other circumstances,               
administrative  or  criminal liability  cannot  be  applied,  the               
following     compulsory    educative    enforcement     measures               
(disciplinary) may be applied:                                                  
     1) warning;                                                                
      2)  obligation of a public or other type of apology to  the               
victim;                                                                         
      3)  release upon guarantee, in custody of parents or  other               
persons;                                                                        
     4) home supervision (leisure limitation);                                  
      5)  placement  in  a  special  educative  and  disciplinary               
institution;                                                                    
     6) other measures provided for by laws ( considering the age               
of  the  child, the type of violation committed by him and  other               
circumstances).                                                                 
     4. Laws and other legal acts establish the specific types of               
measures  listed in part three of this Article, the duration  and               
procedure   of   application   and  implementation   thereof   is               
established by laws and other legal acts.                                       
      5.  To  turn  the  child  over to a special  educative  and               
disciplinary    institution   shall   only   be   possible    per               
recommendation  of  institutions which have  been  authorised  by               
court.                                                                          
       6.   The   behavioural,  personal  hygiene,  and  cultural               
interaction  habits of the child should be formed at the  special               
educative and disciplinary institutions, and conditions should be               
afforded  for  acquisition of compulsory  and  general  secondary               
education,  professional preparedness for work  and  life  within               
society.                                                                        
                                                                                
      Article  50. General Provisions of Legal Liability  of  the               
          Child                                                                 
      1. Having committed a violation of the law, the child shall               
personally  be  held  liable for his own  actions,  excepting  in               
instances, whereby the laws shall establish otherwise.                          
      2. In instances established by law, the child shall be held               
liable for material damage caused.                                              
      3.  Children  over  the  age of 16  shall  be  held  liable               
according   to   the   procedure   established   by   laws,   for               
administrative violations of law.                                               
      4. A child suspected of a criminal law violation, shall  be               
presumed  innocent, until his guilt is established  according  to               
procedure  established by law and the coming into effect  of  the               
court sentence.                                                                 
      5. Those children who had attained the age of 16, prior  to               
perpetration  of  the crime, shall be held liable  in  accordance               
with criminal laws. In exceptional cases, for crimes provided for               
in  the Criminal Code, criminal liability may be applied also  to               
younger children, however not to those below the age of 14.                     
                                                                                
      Article 51. Limitation of Penalties and Types and Sizes  of               
          Sentences Given to Children                                           
     1. The laws shall limit the types and size of administrative               
penalties given to children.                                                    
      2.  The  size of penalty or sentence given a child must  be               
smaller  than that given to an adult, while in nature (kind),  it               
should be in keeping with the child's age.                                      
     3. Capital punishment or life imprisonment of children shall               
be prohibited.                                                                  
                                                                                
      Article  52. Designation of Alternative  to  Sentencing                   
          Enforcement Measures for the Child Offender                           
      A child who has committed a minor crime, may be relieved by               
the  court  of criminal liability, provided conditions have  been               
established  in  the  Criminal  Code.  Such  a  person  is  given               
mandatory  training  enforcement  measures,  designated  in   the               
Criminal Code.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 53. Specific Characteristics of Child Process Rights               
          and Their Guarantees                                                  
      1. Criminal process cases, wherein a child is the suspected               
offender,  must  be  conducted  in  the  presence  of  a  defence               
attorney. Parents or other legal representatives of the child, an               
educator  and  a representative of an institution protecting  the               
rights  of  the  child  must  also be present,  in  circumstances               
specified by law.                                                               
      2. A child shall not be subjected to any physical or mental               
coercion. A child shall not be forced to testify against himself,               
his parents and other family members and to admit his own guilt.                
      3. In examining cases of violations of rights of the child,               
the  court  must  observe all process regulations  and  specifics               
relevant to the child. While setting sentence or penalty for  the               
child,  it is important to take into account his age, personality               
characteristics,  living  and  educative  conditions  and   other               
circumstances specified by laws.                                                
      4.  Administrative or other liability established by  laws,               
shall be applied for publication in the press or other media,  of               
the  person  (name, surname) and identifying details of  a  child               
suspected of committing a crime, being tried or sentenced  for  a               
criminal offence.                                                               
                                                                                
      Article  54.  Rights of the Child Whose  Liberty  has  been               
          Restricted or Deprived and Their Guarantees                           
      1. Arrest or deprivation of liberty of a child in instances               
provided  by  laws  shall only be possible  per  court  (  judge)               
sentence  (ruling,  decision, verdict).  Arrest,  deprivation  of               
liberty  or any other restriction of liberty of a child  must  be               
substantiated,  as  brief  as  possible  and  applied   only   in               
exceptional circumstances.                                                      
      2.  Parents or other legal representatives of the child and               
in their absence, the institution for Protection of the Rights of               
the  Child must be informed at once, about the child's detention,               
arrest, another form of restriction or deprivation of liberty.                  
      3. A child who has been detained or arrested shall have the               
right  to immediate legal or another type of required assistance,               
and  shall also, have the right to dispute in court, the legality               
of restriction or deprivation of his liberty.                                   
     4. A child, whose liberty is restricted or deprived, must be               
held separately from adults, with the exception of instances that               
are  cited  by  laws,  whence this shall not  be  appropriate  in               
consideration of the child's interests.                                         
     5. Upon restriction or deprivation of a child's liberty, his               
other rights (right to education, and physical, mental, spiritual               
and  moral  development) that are not directly  linked  with  the               
restriction  or  deprivation of liberty, may not  be  restricted.               
This type of child shall have the right to maintain ties with his               
parents  (legal representatives), other family members, relatives               
and  those  close to him, through correspondence  and  encounters               
with  them,  excepting in extraordinary instances cited  by  law,               
when all this may exert a detrimental influence on the child.                   
     6. The Corrective Labour Code and other laws shall establish               
the  procedure for deprivation of a child of liberty and  serving               
of the sentence.                                                                
                                                                                
                           Chapter IX                                           
                                                                                
       LIABILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD                      
                                                                                
     Article 55. General Provisions                                             
     Individuals, who have been in violation of the rights of the               
child,  established  in  the  Constitution  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, this Law and other laws and legal acts regulating  the               
protection of the rights of the child, shall be liable  according               
to the procedure established by laws.                                           
                                                                                
       Article   56.  Liability  of  Parents  and   Other   Legal               
          Representatives of the Child                                          
     1. Civil, administrative and criminal liability, established               
by   laws,   shall  be  applied  for  parents  and  other   legal               
representatives  of the child, who shall be in violation  of  the               
child's  rights,  avoid  or fail to fulfil  their  obligation  to               
educate,  teach, supervise, support the child, subject  child  to               
cruel treatment or otherwise abuse their rights and obligations.                
      2.  In  the  event  a  father  (mother)  or  another  legal               
representative of the child shall be in violation of  the  rights               
of  the child, inflict cruel treatment upon him or abuse his  own               
rights  (obligations) in another fashion, the child  himself  and               
other  individuals shall have the right to seek  assistance  from               
the  institution  of child rights protection, law  protection  or               
another institution, which must employ measures provided by law.                
                                                                                
     Article 57. Liability of Other Natural and Legal Persons                   
     1. Natural and legal persons, who shall unlawfully interfere               
with a child availing himself of his rights and freedoms, or  who               
shall  otherwise violate the rights of the child, shall  be  held               
liable according to the procedure established by laws.                          
      2.  Authorities of instructional, educative, treatment  and               
other  institutions, educators or individuals equivalent to them,               
and  the  administration  of  these institutions  shall  be  held               
responsible  for  the  education  of  the  children  under  their               
supervision.  In  the event these persons fail  to  fulfil  their               
obligations  or fulfil them inadequately and harm  their  charges               
physically  or  mentally or otherwise violate the rights  of  the               
child,  they  shall  be held liable according  to  the  procedure               
established by laws.                                                            
     3. State and municipality employees, who are responsible for               
the  education and supervision of the child, must at once  inform               
competent institutions concerning violations of the rights of the               
child, which have come to their attention.                                      
      4. State and municipality officers and other employees, who               
fulfil the functions of educating children, may be dismissed from               
their  positions, according to the procedure established by laws,               
when  their behaviour becomes amoral, even if this occurs outside               
work.                                                                           
                                                                                
                            Chapter X                                           
                                                                                
              SYSTEM OF INSTITUTIONS FOR PROTECTION                             
                   OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD                                   
                                                                                
     Article 58. Institutions for Protection of the Rights of the               
          Child and Organisation of Their Activity                              
                                                                                
     1. In the Republic of Lithuania, protection of the rights of               
the child is ensured by:                                                        
     1) the state and its institutions;                                         
     2) municipal institutions;                                                 
      3)  public  organisations,  whose  activity  is  linked  to               
protection of the rights of the child.                                          
      2. The state and municipal institutions shall encourage and               
support  voluntary activity by public organisations and  also  by               
traditional  and state-recognised religious communities,  in  the               
sphere of protection of rights of the child.                                    
      3. The state and municipal institutions shall establish and               
fund institutions (services) for protection of the rights of  the               
child, and organise their activity.                                             
                                                                                
      Article 59. State Institutions and Protection of the Rights               
          of the Child                                                          
      1.   The  President  of  the  Republic,  the  Seimas,  the                
Government,  ministries, courts, the Procuracy  and  other  state               
institutions shall implement the measures for protection  of  the               
rights  of the child and in the realm of their defence, according               
to   their  competence,  which  shall  be  established   by   the               
Constitution  of the Republic of Lithuania, this  Law  and  other               
laws and legal acts.                                                            
      2. Institutions (services) for protection of the rights  of               
the  child shall be responsible for organisation, supervision and               
administration of the laws regulating protection of the rights of               
the child and other legal acts.                                                 
      3.  Cases involving violations of the rights of the  child,               
linked  with protection of the rights of the child, their defence               
and  also  cases, involving law violations committed by children,               
must  be  examined as soon as possible. They must be examined  by               
judges  especially designated for that purpose or by  specialised               
courts, established according to law.                                           
                                                                                
      Article  60. Municipal Institutions and Protection  of  the               
          Rights of the Child                                                   
     1. Protection of the rights of the child shall be guaranteed               
by   the   appropriate   municipal  board,  municipal   executive               
institutions, protection of the rights of the child  institutions               
(services),  police  inspectors  in  charge  of  minors'  (youth)               
affairs,  and also schools and other institutions, which  prepare               
and implement measures for protection of the rights of the child,               
and prevention of violations of children's rights.                              
      2.  Corresponding laws and other legal acts shall establish               
the activity and competence of the institutions cited in part one               
of this Article.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 61. Public Protection of the Rights of the Child                   
      Public  protection  of the rights of  the  child  shall  be               
implemented  through  co-operation of public  organisations  with               
state  and  municipal institutions while observing provisions  of               
this  Law,  as  well  as  of  other legal  acts,  which  regulate               
protection of the rights of the child.                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           Chapter XI                                           
                                                                                
                        FINAL PROVISIONS                                        
                                                                                
     Article 62. Coming Into Effect and Implementation of the Law               
       The  Republic  of  Lithuania  Law  on  the  Procedure  for               
Implementation of Principles of Protection of the Rights  of  the               
Child  shall  establish the coming into force of paragraph  6  of               
Article  4,  first  part of Article 10, parts four  and  five  of               
Article  12, part three of Article 13, part three of Article  21,               
Articles  23  and 25, the second part of Article 35, Article  37,               
the  second  part of Article 44, the second part of  Article  45,               
Articles 46, 47, 49, and 53, and part three of Article 59 and the               
procedure for implementation of this Law.                                       
                                                                                
      I  promulgate this Law passed by the Seimas of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
Algirdas Brazauskas                                                             
President of the Republic                                                       
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
March 14, 1996                                                                  
No I - 1234