REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                     
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                               ON                                               
                                                                                
               STATE SECRETS AND THEIR PROTECTION                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 1. Objective of the Law                                            
     This  Law   shall  regulate   state  secrets,   as  well  as               
classifying, storing,  using and  declassifying information which               
is considered  a state  secret, in the Republic of Lithuania, its               
diplomatic and consular missions abroad.                                        
     Information which  is considered  a secret  of other states,               
upon transmission to the Republic of Lithuania, shall be kept and               
used in  the manner  prescribed by  this Law.  In the  cases when               
effective international  agreements of  the Republic of Lithuania               
establish provisions  concerning keeping  and  using  secrets  of               
foreign states  other  than  those  provided  for  in  this  Law,               
provisions of international agreements shall apply.                             
     This Law  shall not  regulate the procedure for classifying,               
using, keeping  and declassifying  of information  which  is  not               
considered a  state  secret.  The  legal  status,  procedure  for               
protection,  classifying  marks  of  such  information  shall  be               
regulated by other standard acts of the Republic of Lithuania.                  
                                                                                
     Article 2. State Secret                                                    
     A  state  secret  shall  be  construed  to  mean  political,               
economic, military,  law-and-order, scientific,  technological or               
other information, the disclosure or loss whereof can violate the               
sovereignty of  the Republic  of Lithuania,  military or economic               
power, cause  damage to  the constitutional  system and political               
interests, and  which is specified in the list of the Republic of               
Lithuania,  approved   by  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, concerning the information which is considered a state               
secret.                                                                         
     The state  secret shall  be the  property of  the  State  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 3. Categories of State Secrets                                     
     Information which  is considered  a state  secret  shall  be               
divided into top secret and secret, due to is importance.                       
     A marking  "Top secret"  shall be applied to the information               
which is  considered a  state secret,  disclosure or loss whereof               
causes or can cause grave consequences for the state interests.                 
     A marking "Secret" shall be applied to the information which               
is considered a state secret, disclosure or loss whereof inflicts               
or can inflict damage, and can cause harm to the state interests.               
                                                                                
     Article 4. Subjects of State Secrets                                       
     Subjects of  state secrets  shall be  public institutions or               
other legal  persons vested with special powers of the Government               
of the  Republic of Lithuania, the activities whereof are related               
to use  or protection  of the  information which  is considered a               
state secret.                                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 5. Regulation of Protection of State Secrets                       
     Protection of  the information  which is  considered a state               
secret shall  be  regulated  by  this  Law  and,  in  the  manner               
prescribed by  laws, the  Government of the Republic of Lithuania               
which shall:                                                                    
     1) establish  the procedure  for drawing up and amending the               
list (hereinafter  referred to  as the  list of state secrets) of               
the Republic  of Lithuania of the information which is considered               
a state secret;                                                                 
     2) approve the list of state secrets;                                      
     3) approve the list of subjects of state secrets, as well as               
establish the procedure for drawing up, approving and amending of               
detailed lists  of the  information which  is considered  a state               
secret, relating to the activities of subjects of state secrets;                
     4) establish  the procedure for familiarising of the persons               
who hold  office provided  for in paragraph 4 of Article 10, with               
the information  which is  considered a  state secret, as well as               
for notifying  these persons of liability which is established by               
laws of  the Republic of Lithuania, for disclosure or loss of the               
information which is considered a state secret;                                 
     5) prolong  the term of classifying of the information which               
is considered a state secret;                                                   
     6) approve  standard acts  which regulate  protection of the               
information which is considered a state secret; and                             
     7) establish  the procedure  for release  of the information               
which  is   considered  a   state  secret   to  other  states  or               
international organisations,  as well  as for permitting citizens               
of other  states to have access to or familiarise themselves with               
the information which is considered a state secret.                             
                                                                                
     Article 6. Classifying of Information                                      
     Classifying  of  information  shall  be  construed  to  mean               
applying of  classification markings  "Top secret" or "Secret" to               
the information which is considered a state secret.                             
     Subjects  of   state  secrets   shall  apply  classification               
markings to specific information.                                               
     The basis  for classifying  of information shall be the list               
of state secrets.                                                               
     Subjects of  state secrets,  in compliance  with the list of               
state secrets,  shall draw  up detailed  lists of the information               
which is  considered a  state secret,  relating to the activities               
ascribed to the sphere of their regulation.                                     
                                                                                
     Article 7. Temporary Classifying of Information                            
               which is not Included in the List of State                       
               Secrets                                                          
     If the  information is not provided for in the list of state               
secrets, but  it is so important that it is necessary to classify               
such information, a subject of state secrets shall have the right               
to   temporarily    classify   such   information,   applying   a               
classification marking "Secret".                                                
     The subject  of state secrets who has temporarily classified               
the information  and  upon  having  co-ordinated  this  with  the               
National Security  Department, must  within 5 working days make a               
motivated request  to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania               
to supplement the list of state secrets.                                        
     If at the next Government sitting, but not later than within               
15 days  beginning with  the moment  of  making  a  request,  the               
Government of  the Republic  of Lithuania does not supplement the               
list of  state  secrets,  the  subject  of  state  secrets  shall               
declassify the information which has been temporarily classified.               
                                                                                
     Article 8. Information which is not Considered a State                     
               Secret                                                           
     The following  information shall  not be  considered a state               
secret:                                                                         
     1) statistical  data concerning  the state  of  economy  and               
finances, except for the information which is provided for in the               
list of  state secrets,  as well  as the  state of   health care,               
education, ecology,  social and demographic situation, results of               
social studies;                                                                 
     2) information  about natural calamities or catastrophes, as               
well as about their consequences;                                               
     3) information  about  criminogenic  situation,  corruption,               
illegal actions of officers, violations of human rights;                        
     4) information  about labour  market, as well as information               
about wages,  privileges and guarantees provided for officers and               
employees of public institutions;                                               
     5) information  about implementation  of the state budget of               
the Republic  of Lithuania,  except for some items of utilisation               
of budgetary  allocations which  are provided  for in the list of               
state secrets; and                                                              
     6) information,  concealment  whereof  would  violate  human               
rights which are provided for in the Constitution of the Republic               
of Lithuania,  laws of  the Republic  of Lithuania, and bilateral               
and multilateral  international agreements  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 9. Permit to Work with the Information which is                    
               Considered a State Secret                                        
     Persons who  are granted appropriate permits may hold office               
related  with   use  and  protection  of  the  information  which               
considered a state secret.                                                      
     A permit  to work with the information which is considered a               
state secret  shall be granted by a subject of state secrets upon               
having co-ordinated  a person's  candidature  with  the  National               
Security Department.  It shall be prohibited to grant a permit to               
work with the information which is considered a state secret to a               
person without the consent of the National Security Department.                 
     A person  shall be  permitted to  work with  the information               
which is considered a state secret, if he:                                      
     1) is a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania;                              
     2) gives  a written  consent that  his candidature  would be               
investigated;                                                                   
     3) is  eligible for  this kind  of work  due to his personal               
qualities and  professional qualifications,  as well  as  medical               
requirements, established  by  the  Ministry  of  Health  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania; and                                                      
     4) pledges  himself in writing to keep the information which               
is considered  a state  secret  and  is  notified  of  liability,               
established by  the Republic of Lithuania, for disclosure or loss               
of the information which is considered a state secret.                          
     A person  shall not  be granted  a permit  to work  with the               
information which is considered a state secret, if he:                          
     1) has appealed to appropriate state institutions concerning               
the renunciation of citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania;                   
     2) has been previously convicted for committing a deliberate               
crime,  or   legal  actions  have  been  taken  against  him  for               
committing such crime;                                                          
     3) has  been declared  legally  incompetent  or  of  limited               
competence in accordance with the established procedure;                        
     4) has  collaborated or  maintains  relations  with  special               
services of  other states  with interests hostile to the Republic               
of Lithuania;                                                                   
     5)  withholds   or  provides   false  biographical  data  or               
information about  himself   in order  to  mislead  officers  who               
investigate his candidature;                                                    
     6) has been removed from his duties due to the violations of               
the  procedure   for  working   with  the  information  which  is               
considered a state secret;                                                      
     7) is included in the operative register; and                              
     8) has  renounced the  oath which he took to the Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 10. Permit to Familiarise Oneself with the                         
               Information which is Considered a State                          
               Secret                                                           
     To  familiarise   oneself  with  the  information  which  is               
considered a  state secret shall have the right only a person who               
has been  granted the  permit to  work with such information, and               
only  with   that  of  information  which  is  related  with  the               
performance of his duties.                                                      
     A permit  to familiarise  oneself with the information which               
is considered  a state secret, and which another subject of state               
secrets has  at its  disposal, shall  be granted to the person by               
the head  of the  institution which disposes of such information.               
The person  must produce  a purposive order issued by the head of               
the institution  he works  wherein. It  must be  confirmed in the               
order that the person has the permit to work with the information               
which is considered a state secret, specified the type and volume               
of information  the person  needs to familiarise himself with, as               
well as the motive for familiarising with such information.                     
     If a  decision  is  adopted  not  to  allow  the  person  to               
familiarise himself  with the  information which  is considered a               
state secret  specified in the order, the head of the institution               
which disposes  of such  information must  give reasons  for  his               
decision, as  well as  familiarise within 10 days the head of the               
institution, which has sent the person, with this decision.                     
     The following shall ex officio have the right to familiarise               
themselves with  the information  which  is  considered  a  state               
secret, without exceeding their powers established by laws:                     
     the President of the Republic,                                             
     the Prime Minister, and                                                    
     the members of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania;                    
     the persons who are appointed to discharge their duties by:                
     the President of the Republic,                                             
     the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania,                                   
     the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, and                           
     the Prime Minister.                                                        
                                                                                
     Article 11. Annulment of the Permit to Work with the                       
               Information which is Considered a State                          
               Secret                                                           
     The permit  to work with the information which is considered               
a state secret shall be annulled if:                                            
     1) the  person renounces  the citizenship of the Republic of               
Lithuania;                                                                      
     2) the  person is  removed from  office related with use and               
protection of the information which is considered a state secret;               
     3) the person has been sentenced for committing a deliberate               
crime;                                                                          
     4) the  person has  been declared  legally incompetent or of               
limited competence in accordance with the established procedure;                
     5) the  person leaves  for a  permanent residence  abroad or               
stays abroad for residence;                                                     
     6) it  is established  that the permit has been groundlessly               
granted to the person;                                                          
     7) the person is on the operative register; and                            
     8) the  person has  renounced the  oath which he took to the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     The permit  to work with the information which is considered               
a state  secret shall be annulled by the subject of state secrets               
on his own initiative, notifying the National Security Department               
thereof, or  on the  motion of  the National  Security Department               
without suit.                                                                   
     Annulment of  the permit  to work with the information which               
is considered  a state  secret or termination of labour relations               
shall not  discharge the  person from the obligations to keep for               
the period  of time,  established in  Article 13, the information               
considered a  state secret,  which has  been entrusted  to him or               
obtained by  him in  the course of the performance of his duties,               
and from the liability for disclosure of such information.                      
                                                                                
     Article 12. Ensuring of Protection of the Information                      
               which is Considered a State Secret                               
     The subjects  of state  secrets must organise and ensure the               
protection of  the information which is considered a state secret               
in the manner prescribed by this Law.                                           
                                                                                
     Article 13. The Period of  Classifying of the                              
               Information which is Considered a State                          
               Secret                                                           
     The information  which is considered a state secret shall be               
classified as follows:                                                          
     1) information  classified "Secret"  - for  the period of 10               
years; and                                                                      
     2) information  classified "Top  secret" - for the period of               
30  years,   and  the   information  related   with  the   secret               
participants of  operative activities  - for  the  period  of  75               
years.                                                                          
     The period  of  classifying  of  the  information  shall  be               
calculated beginning  with the  moment of signing of the document               
which contains the information considered a state secret, or with               
the moment  of classifying  of such  information if  the date  of               
classifying is indicated additionally.                                          
     If the  period of classifying of certain information must be               
extended for  the state  security reasons,  this issue  shall  be               
considered on the recommendation of a subject of state secrets or               
the State  Security Department  by the Government of the Republic               
of Lithuania  which may  extend the period of classifying up to 5               
years. The  number of  extensions shall  not be limited, however,               
the total period of classifying of the information may not exceed               
80 years.                                                                       
     Upon having classified the information, the subject of state               
secrets must  once in every five years evaluate the expediency of               
classifying  of   the  information   and,  if  necessary,  submit               
proposals  to   the  Government  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania               
concerning revision of the list of state secrets.                               
                                                                                
     Article 14. Storage and Keeping of Classified Documents                    
     Documents containing  the information  which is considered a               
state secret  shall be  stored, kept  and destroyed in compliance               
with the  general procedure,  established by  the  Department  of               
Lithuanian  Archives  and  the  State  Security  Department,  for               
organising of  record keeping,  storing, keeping, registration of               
classified documents,  as well  as  protection  of  the  data  of               
computerised secret information.                                                
                                                                                
     Article 15. Declassifying of the Information which is                      
               Considered a State Secret                                        
     Upon expiration of the period of classifying, established in               
Article  13  of  this  Law  or  when  the  information  which  is               
considered a  state secret  loses secrecy prior to the expiration               
of the  set period,  this information  shall be  declassified and               
must become accessible to the general population.                               
     The information shall be declassified on the decision of the               
subject of  state secrets  who classified  it, or  the subject of               
state  secrets   who  disposes  of  such  information,  upon  co-               
ordinating it with the State Security Department.                               
                                                                                
     Article 16. Supervision over the Protection of the                         
               Information which is Considered a State                          
               Secret                                                           
     In all institutions inside the country and in its diplomatic               
and consular  missions abroad  the protection  of the information               
which is  considered a  state secret  shall be  supervised by the               
State Security Department which shall:                                          
     1) supervise how the procedure for classifying, use, storing               
and declassifying  of the information which is considered a state               
secret is complied with;                                                        
     2) submit  proposals to  the Government  of the  Republic of               
Lithuania concerning  supplements and  amendments of  the list of               
state secrets, as well as improvement of the protection system of               
state secrets; and                                                              
     3) conduct  checking when the facts of loss or disclosure of               
the information which is considered a state secret are revealed.                
     The   State    Security   Department   shall   provide   the               
methodological  assistance   concerning  the  protection  of  the               
information which is considered a state secret.                                 
     Institutions of  the Lithuanian  State Archives System shall               
exercise supervision over registration, keeping and organising of               
record keeping  of the documents containing the information which               
is considered a state secret.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 17. Person's Responsibilities and Restriction                      
               of his Rights                                                    
     A person  must protect for the period of time established in               
Article 13  the information  considered a state secret, which has               
been entrusted  to him  or obtained  by him  in the course of the               
performance of his duties.                                                      
     A person to whom the information classified "Top Secret" has               
been entrusted,  cannot emigrate  for  the  period  of  5  years;               
classified "Secret"  - for  the period  of 2 years beginning with               
the moment  when he  no longer  holds office related with use and               
protection of the information which is considered a state secret,               
or he has been granted access to such information.                              
                                                                                
     Article 18. Liability for Disclosure of the Information                    
               which is Considered a State Secret                               
     A person  shall be  liable in  accordance with  laws of  the               
Republic of  Lithuania for  disclosure or loss of the information               
considered a  state secret,  which has  been entrusted  to him or               
obtained by him in the course of the performance of his duties.                 
                                                                                
     Article 19. The Procedure for Implementation of the Law                    
     The procedure  for  implementation  of  this  Law  shall  be               
established by  the Resolution  of the  Seimas of the Republic of               
Lithuania "On  the Implementation  of the  Law of the Republic of               
Lithuania on State Secrets and their Protection".                               
                                                                                
     Article 20. Coming into Effect of the Law                                  
     This Law shall come into effect on 1 March 1996.                           
                                                                                
     I promulgate  this Law  passed by the Seimas of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
Algirdas Brazauskas                                                             
President of the Republic                                                       
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
October 25, 1995                                                                
No. I - 1074