LAW ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION                                
                  OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER 1.                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 1. Definitions                                                     
                                                                                
     In this Law:                                                               
     1.1. ENVIRONMENT shall mean the system functioning in nature               
and  comprising  its  interconnected  components  (  the  earth's               
surface and  entrails, air, water, soil, flora and fauna, organic               
and inorganic  matter), as  well  as  natural  and  anthropogenic               
ecological systems.                                                             
     1.2. ENVIRONMENTAL  PROTECTION shall  mean the protection of               
the environment  from physical,  chemical,  biological  or  other               
hazardous  effects   arising  from  the  utilization  of  natural               
resources.                                                                      
     1.3. NATURAL  RESOURCES shall  mean the elements of  organic               
and inorganic  nature which  are used  or may  be used  by man in               
order to satisfy his needs.                                                     
     1.4. ECOLOGICAL  SYSTEM shall  mean the functional system of               
organic and  inorganic elements,  the  components  of  which  are               
joined by  their interrelations,  and the processes of metabolism               
and energy exchange.                                                            
     1.5.  NORMS   OF  ENVIRONMENTAL   QUALITY  shall   mean  the               
restrictions approved  by a  competent state body determining the               
impact of  economic activities on the environment.                              
     1.6. STANDARDS  OF  ENVIRONMENTAL  QUALITY  shall  mean  the               
normative technical documents approved by a competent state body,               
prescribing  the  obligatory  technical  characteristics  (norms,               
conditions, requirements)  for  production  and  other  areas  of               
standardization in  the preservation  of the  environment and the               
health  of the people.                                                          
     1.7.  LIMITATION   OF  NATURAL   RESOURCES  shall  mean  the               
establishment of  norms  of  utilization  of  natural  resources,               
taking into  consideration the  information related to the amount               
of natural  resources, their  renewal, and  preservation for  the               
future.                                                                         
     1.8. INJURIOUS  EFFECTS TO  THE ENVIRONMENT  shall mean  the               
deterioration or  loss of the natural functions of the ecological               
system or its components.                                                       
     1.9.  ECOLOGICAL   MONITORING  shall   mean   a   systematic               
observation of  the environment,  including  its  state  and  the               
dynamics of its components, as well as an assessment and forecast               
of the anthropogenic effects.                                                   
     1.10. ECOLOGICAL  EXAMINATION shall  mean the  compliance of               
planned, designed and executed economic activities with the laws,               
legislative  acts  and  standards  of  environmental  protection,               
ascertainment of  the degree of  existing and possible ecological               
threats,  as   well  as  the  professional  assessment    of  the               
expediency of such activities.                                                  
     1.11.  ECOLOGICAL   INFORMATION  shall   mean  all   of  the               
information concerning the state of  environmental quality.                     
     1.12. ECONOMIC  ACTIVITIES shall  mean  economic  and  other               
activities affecting the environment.                                           
                                                                                
     Article 2. Objectives of the Law                                           
                                                                                
     2.1. This  Law shall establish the main rights and duties of               
legal and natural persons guaranteeing:                                         
     1) the  right of the population of the Republic of Lithuania               
to healthy and safe environment;                                                
2) harmonic  development of  the interaction  between the society               
and nature; and                                                                 
     3) the  preservation of the species of animate organisms and               
their habitats.                                                                 
     2.2.  Other   laws  and   legislative  acts  regulating  the               
utilization of  natural resources  and  environmental  protection               
shall be adopted on the basis of this Law.                                      
                                                                                
     Article 3. Units of  Environmental Protection                              
                                                                                
     The  units   of  environmental   protection  shall   be  the               
environment of  the territory  of the  Republic of  Lithuania and               
natural  resources  which  are  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 4. Principles of  Environmental Protection                         
                                                                                
     4.1. In  the Republic of Lithuania, environmental protection               
shall be  the concern  and duty  of the  State and of each of its               
inhabitants.                                                                    
     4.2. The  policy  and  practice  of  the  administration  of               
environmental  protection  shall  direct  social  and  individual               
interests  towards  the  improvement  of  environmental  quality,               
encourage the  users of natural resources to seek  ways and means               
to avoid or diminish  hazardous impact on the environment, and to               
make technological processes ecologically safe.                                 
     4.3. Natural  resources must  be utilized  in a rational and               
composite way,  taking into  consideration the  possibilities  of               
preservation and  renewal of  nature,  as  well  as  natural  and               
economic specifications of the Republic of Lithuania.                           
     4.4.   Environmental    protection   shall   be   based   on               
comprehensive, correct and timely ecological information.                       
                                                                                
     Article 5. Competence of the Supreme Council of the                        
               Republic of Lithuania in the Field of                            
               Environmental Protection                                         
                                                                                
     The Supreme  Council of  the Republic  of Lithuania, shaping               
the state policy of environmental protection shall:         1)                  
approve the main trends of the policy of environmental protection               
and the utilization of natural resources;                                       
     2) approve  the long-term  and   purposive programmes of the               
state pertaining  to   environmental protection,  as well  as the               
subsidies from  the State  budget aimed at financing the measures               
of environmental protection;                                                    
     3) create  the system   of  state  bodies  implementing  the               
policy of environmental protection and the utilization of natural               
resources; and                                                                  
     4) ratify  and  denounce  the  main  international  treaties               
concerning  environmental protection of the Republic of Lithuania               
and utilization of natural resources.                                           
                                                                                
     Article 6. The State Administration of Environmental                       
               Protection                                                       
                                                                                
     6.1. In  the Republic of Lithuania, the state administration               
of environmental  protection, pursuant to their competence, shall               
be carried out by the Department of Environmental Protection, the               
Government  of   the  Republic   of  Lithuania,   and  the  local               
governments. Each  of these institutions shall be responsible for               
the implementation of functions prescribed to them by laws.                     
     6.2. The  Department  of  Environmental  Protection  of  the               
Republic of  Lithuania, shaping and implementing the state policy               
of environmental protection shall:                                              
     1) prepare,  and, in  conjunction with the Government of the               
Republic of Lithuania, submit for approval to the Supreme Council               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania the  main trends  of the policy of               
environmental protection and utilization of natural resources, as               
well as  long-term and  purposive state programmes related to the               
protection  of   the  environment   and  utilization  of  natural               
resources;                                                                      
     2) prepare,  and, in  conjunction with the Government of the               
Republic of  Lithuania, approve  the proposals  of  environmental               
protection which  are of  national significance, as well as other               
projects of  environmental protection,  and provide the mechanism               
for their implementation;                                                       
     3) prepare  draft laws on environmental protection and adopt               
legislative  acts   concerning  the   issues   of   environmental               
protection and utilization of natural resources;                                
            4)  approve the  limits of the utilization of natural               
resources, provide  the order  of  the  registration  of  natural               
resources and terms of their utilization;                                       
     5) organize ecological monitoring;                                         
     6)  approve   the  legislative   acts   and   standards   of               
environmental protection;                                                       
     7) coordinate  the projects of economic activities and carry               
out the state ecological examination;                                           
     8) coordinate  and, pursuant  to its  competence,  implement               
international  treaties   and  obligations  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania  on   the  issues   of  environmental   protection  and               
utilization of  natural resources; and, upon the authorization of               
the Supreme  Council or  Government of the Republic of Lithuania,               
sign such treaties;                                                             
     9) carry out the state control of the utilization of natural               
resources  and   environmental   protection   and   control   the               
implementation of international treaties and obligations;                       
     10) organize  and coordinate  purposive  scientific research               
works in the field of environmental protection;                                 
     11) submit  proposals to the Supreme Council of the Republic               
of Lithuania  concerning the  establishment of  protective zones,               
and declare  areas of the environment national natural monuments;               
and                                                                             
     12) carry out functions prescribed by other laws.                          
                                                                                
     6.  3.   The  Government   of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,               
implementing the  national policy  of  environmental  protection,               
shall:                                                                          
     1) prepare,  and  in  conjunction  with  the  Department  of               
Environmental Protection,  submit for  approval  to  the  Supreme               
Council of the Republic of Lithuania, programmes and proposals of               
national significance  related  to  the  utilization  of  natural               
resources and environmental protection;                                         
     2) establish,  finance and  supply  programmes,  plans,  and               
projects for  environmental protection  of national significance,               
and finance purposive research works;                                           
     3) keep  the registration  of state  national resources and,               
within the  established limits,  distribute national resources to               
users;                                                                          
     4) organize ecological education and instruction;                          
     5)  prepare   draft  projects  of  norms  and  standards  of               
environmental  quality,   and   promote   the   introduction   of               
ecologically safe  technology and  production by users of natural               
resources;                                                                      
     6) in  conjunction  with  the  Department  of  Environmental               
Protection of  the Republic  of Lithuania, conclude international               
treaties of  the Republic of Lithuania related to the utilization               
of natural  resources and environmental protection, and implement               
them in accordance with their competence;                                       
     7) coordinate  the activities  of the  bodies of state power               
and local  governments  concerning  the  utilization  of  natural               
resources and environmental protection; and                                     
     8) carry out other activities prescribed by laws.                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     6.  4.   Local  governments,   implementing  the  policy  of               
environmental protection on their territories:                                  
     1)  shall   organize   the   implementation   of   laws   on               
environmental protection  and  decisions  of  the  Department  of               
Environmental Protection  and the  Government of  the Republic of               
Lithuania in  the field  of environmental  protection, and within               
the limits  of their jurisdiction, adopt decisions concerning the               
utilization of  natural resources  and environmental  protection,               
ascribed to  them by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania,               
and supervise their implementation;                                             
     2) shall  prepare, approve  and  implement  the  programmes,               
plans, and  projects of  environmental protection and utilization               
of national resources in the territory under their jurisdiction;                
     3) shall  form and  have at  their disposal local government               
environmental protection  funds, shall  establish the  amount  of               
subsidies allocated  for   environmental  protection,  and  shall               
document the necessity of subsidation from the state budget;                    
     4) shall, within the established limits, distribute national               
resources which are at their disposal;                                          
     5) may,  in agreement with the Government of the Republic of               
Lithuania  and   the  Department   of  Environmental  Protection,               
establish   norms on  their own territory which are stricter than               
state standards,  and  may  create  local  nature  preserves  and               
monuments; and                                                                  
     6) shall  carry out  other activities  prescribed to them by               
laws.                                                                           
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER 2.                                           
                                                                                
THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS AND PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS OF THE               
                      REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 7. Rights and Duties of Citizens and Public                        
               Organizations                                                    
                                                                                
     Citizens and public organizations shall have the right:                    
     1) to receive accurate and uptodate ecological information;                
     2) to  take part  in the  discussion and  implementation  of               
programmes and projects of economic activities;                                 
     3) to demand that economic activities which are hazardous to               
the environment be terminated;                                                  
     4) to request state ecological examinations;                               
     5) to carry out public ecological examinations;                            
     6)  to   organize  public   inspections   of   environmental               
protection;                                                                     
     7)  to   demand  that  state  authorities  and  institutions               
organize ecological  education and  instruction,  and  to  freely               
advocate concepts of environmental protection; and                              
      8)  to insist  upon the  punishment of  persons  guilty  of               
endangering the environment, and of officers, who have improperly               
carried out  the duties   of environmental protection ascribed to               
them;                                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 8. Duties of State Authorities, Administrators,                    
               and Inspectors in Guaranteeing the Rights of                     
               Citizens and Public Organizations                                
                                                                                
     State authorities,  administrators, and inspectors, pursuant               
to their jurisdiction, must:                                                    
     1) establish  ecologically based  standards of environmental               
protection  which   can  be   achieved  by  technological  means,               
supervise their changes, and inform the public thereof;                         
     2) either  comply with  or justifiably decline the proposals               
of citizens  or  public  organizations  concerning  environmental               
issues;                                                                         
     3) publicly  announce plans of economic activities which may               
have a hazardous impact on the environment;                                     
     4) prevent  the violation  of laws,  norms and  standards of               
environmental  protection   by  subjects   engaged  in   economic               
activities;                                                                     
     5) either  carry out  or justifiably  decline to carry out a               
state ecological examination if the public so requests;                         
     6) evaluate  the findings  of state ecological examinations,               
and either  take them  up as matters of importance or justifiably               
turn them down;                                                                 
     7) guarantee  that the  damages caused to the environment by               
unlawful activities  be redeemed,  and persons  guilty  of  these               
damages be punished;                                                            
     8) organize ecological education and instruction; and                      
     9)  encourage  the  participation  of  citizens  and  public               
organizations in environmental protection.                                      
                                                                                
     Article 9. Duties of Citizens and Public Organizations                     
                                                                                
     Citizens  and   public  organizations  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania must  protect the environment, use natural resources in               
an  economical  way,  and  avoid  violation  of  the  rights  and               
interests of other users of natural resources.                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 10. Rights and Duties of Foreign Citizens and                      
               Stateless Persons                                                
                                                                                
     Foreign citizens  and stateless  persons   must abide by the               
rights and duties of the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania as               
established by  this Law,  if  other  laws  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania do not provide otherwise.                                             
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER 3.                                           
        UTILIZATION AND REGISTRATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES                       
                                                                                
     Article 11. The Object of the Utilization of Natural                       
          Resources                                                             
                                                                                
      The object of the utilization of natural resources shall be               
the existing  natural resources  which are in the jurisdiction of               
the Republic of Lithuania.                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 12. Objects of Special Utilization                                 
                                                                                
     12. 1. The objects of special utilization shall be:                        
       1)  protected territories: reserves of the state, national               
parks, regional  parks, natural  reserves, protective  zones, and               
areas of local significance and special purpose;                                
       2)  the natural  framework, identified  and formed  as the               
system of  territories of  ecological compensation, consisting of               
protected and  other ecologically  significant  and  sufficiently               
natural  territories   which  maintain   the  stability   of  the               
landscape; and                                                                  
       3) natural monuments, species and communities of flora and               
fauna protected by the State.                                                   
                                                                                
     12. 2.  Protection of  the objects used for  special purpose               
shall be regulated by separate laws.                                            
                                                                                
     Article 13. State Registration of Natural Resources                        
                                                                                
     The procedure of state registration of natural resources, as               
well as  the custody  of the  cadastre shall be determined by the               
Government of  the Republic  of Lithuania  and the  Department of               
Environmental Protection.                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 14. Users of Natural Resources                                     
                                                                                
       14.1.  Natural resources  may be used by legal and natural               
persons.                                                                        
       14.2.  The basis  of the  utilization of natural resources               
shall either  be  the  right  of  ownership    or  the  right  of               
utilization.                                                                    
     14.2. The users of natural resources must:                                 
     1) evaluate  the possible  impact of  economic activities on               
the environment;                                                                
     2) utilize  natural resources  in a  rational and economical               
way;                                                                            
     3) implement  means of  either eliminating  or deteriorating               
hazardous impact on the environment;                                            
     4) take  measures to  avoid endangering the environment, and               
in the  event that  hazardous effects  do occur, must immediately               
eliminate the  cause of  such effects  and inform the appropriate               
officers and institutions of the occurence;                                     
     5) avoid violation of the rights and legitimate interests of               
other users of natural resources;                                               
     6) redeem  the damages  caused by  unlawful activities which               
have hazardously affected the environment; and                                  
     7) fulfill  the  legitimate  requirements  of  environmental               
protection institutions and their officers.                                     
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER 4.                                           
               REGULATIONS OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES                               
                                                                                
     Article 15. Forecast of the Impact on the Environment                      
                                                                                
     15.1. Legal  and natural  persons, applying  for  permit  to               
engage in  economic activities,  shall,  at  their  own  expense,               
prepare and  submit to the Department of Environmental Protection               
of the Republic of Lithuania documents concerning possible impact               
of such activities on the environment.                                          
     15.2. The  Department of  Environmental  Protection  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania shall evaluate the documents concerning the               
possible impact  of economic  activities on  the environment  and               
present a motivated conclusion, which is requisite in order for a               
state institution  to  issue  a  permit  to  engage  in  economic               
activities.                                                                     
     15.3.  The   procedure  of   the  preparation  of  documents               
concerning the  possible impact  of economic  activities  on  the               
environment  shall   be  established   by   the   Department   of               
Environmental  Protection   of  the   Republic  of  Lithuania  in               
conjunction with the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.                   
                                                                                
     Article 16. Planning of Economic Activities                                
                                                                                
     16.1.  Legal  and  natural  persons  wishing  to  construct,               
reconstruct, or  expand units of economic activities must prepare               
project documentation.  Such documentation must include  means to               
utilize    natural  resources  rationally,  to  avoid  industrial               
accidents and  eliminate their  causes and  consequences, and  to               
guarantee  the observation of the norms of environmental quality.               
Such  project   documentation  shall   be  coordinated  with  the               
Department  of   Environmental  Protection  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 17. Construction, Reconstruction, or Expansion                     
               of Units of Economic Activities                                  
                                                                                
     17.1. Legal  and natural persons may construct, reconstruct,               
or expand  units of economic activities only if they have project               
                                                                                
documentation  which  is  in  compliance  with  the  requirements               
provided for in Article 16 of this Law.                                         
     17.2. Parties  involved in the construction, reconstruction,               
or expansion  of units  of economic  activity  who  do  not  have               
project documentation  as detailed  in Article 16 of this law, or               
who are  not complying  with the  requirements  of  environmental               
protection,   or   who,   in   the   process   of   construction,               
reconstruction or  expansion of  these units violate restrictions               
of environmental  protection,  shall  be  liable  in  the  manner               
established by law.                                                             
     17.3.  The  imposition    of  liability  shall  not  prevent               
institutions  of  administration  and  control  of  environmental               
protection established in Article 6 of this law, as well as their               
officials,   from   discontinuing,  in  the  established  manner,               
activities of construction, reconstruction or expansion.                        
                                                                                
     Article 18. Pre-operation  Review of Newly-Built,                          
               Reconstructed, or Expanded Units of Economic                     
               Activities                                                       
                                                                                
     18.1.  The   operation  of  newly-built,  reconstructed,  or               
expanded units  of economic activities shall be permitted only if               
they comply  with   the requirements  of environmental protection               
set forth in the documentation of their construction project.                   
       18.2.   Officials  of   the  Department  of  Environmental               
Protection  shall  be  present  in  the  review  of  newly-built,               
reconstructed, or expanded units of economic activities.                        
                                                                                
     Article 19. Operation of Units of Economic Activities                      
                                                                                
     19.1. Prior to operating units of economic activities, legal               
and natural  persons must  obtain a permit ( ecological passport)               
for the  utilization of  natural resources  and the  discharge of               
pollutants into  the environment in the manner established by the               
Department of  Environmental Protection.        19.2.  Legal  and               
natural persons  shall operate units of economic activities under               
the   conditions established in the permit for the utilization of               
natural resources  and  the  discharge  of  pollutants  into  the               
environment and  shall not  exceed the  norms  and  standards  of               
environmental quality.                                                          
     19.3. Legal  and natural  persons, while  operating units of               
economic  activities  which  are  potentially  hazardous  to  the               
environment, must,  at their  own expense,  monitor the degree of               
environmental  pollution  and  its  impact  on  the  environment,               
guarantee that  information concerning the pollution be available               
to the public, and provide conditions for pollution control.                    
     19.4. Legal  and natural  persons, while  operating units of               
economic activities,  must keep  records of  the  utilization  of               
natural resources  and the  discharge of pollutants in the manner               
established by  the Department of Environmental Protection of the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     19.5. Legal  and natural persons operating units of economic               
activities which  do not  require permits  for the utilization of               
natural resources  and  the  discharge  of  pollutants  into  the               
environment,  must   comply  with  the  norms  and  standards  of               
environmental quality established for such units.                               
                                                                                
     Article 20. Production and Use of Toxic and Injurious                      
               Chemicals                                                        
                                                                                
     20.1. Legal  and natural  persons using  toxic and injurious               
chemicals must  comply  with  the  regulations    promulgated  by               
competent  state   institutions  for  the  utilization,  storage,               
transportation or  dumping of such materials. These persons shall               
be responsible  for all  costs incurred for utilization, storage,               
transportation, and dumping.                                                    
     20.2.  Production  or  importation  of  toxic  or  injurious               
materials in  or  into  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  shall    be               
permitted only following the state examination.                                 
     20.3. Lists  of toxic  and injurious  materials, prepared by               
respective departments,  shall be  approved  or  renewed  by  the               
Ministry  of   Health  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  and  the               
Department of Environmental Protection.                                         
     20.4. Regulations  for the  production, transportation, use,               
storage and dumping of chemicals having a hazardous impact on the               
ozone  layer   shall  be   established  by   the  Department   of               
Environmental Protection of the Republic of Lithuania.                          
     20.5. The importation, stationing, or production of chemical               
weapons of  mass destruction  is prohibited  in the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 21. Production and Use of Radioactive Matter                       
                                                                                
     21.1. In the Republic of Lithuania, both the reprocessing of               
radioactive matter  used for the production of nuclear weapons or               
for fuel elements of nuclear power plants and the reprocessing of               
spent nuclear fuel is prohibited.                                               
     21.2.  In   the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  the  importation,               
stationing or production of nuclear weapons is prohibited.                      
     21.3. Regulations for the record- keeping, importation, use,               
transportation, storage,  and dumping  of radioactive  matter, as               
well as  norms of  radiation safety  shall be  established by the               
Department of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Health               
of the Republic of Lithuania.                                                   
                                                                                
     Article 22. The Production, Propagation, and Use of                        
               Microorganisms                                                   
                                                                                
     22.1. Regulations and standards concerning   registration of               
the sources  of microorganisms  and other  biological pollutants,               
and    of    their    production,    propagation,    importation,               
transportation, use,  storage and treatment, shall be established               
by the Department of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of               
Heath of the Republic of Lithuania.                                             
     22.2. In the Republic of Lithuania, importation, stationing,               
and production of biological weapons is prohibited.                             
                                                                                
     Article 23. Waste Management                                               
                                                                                
     23.1. Users  of natural resources must keep records of waste               
and must  comply with  regulations concerning the identification,               
utilization, storage,  dumping, and  treatment  of  waste.  Users               
shall also be responsible for costs incurred from the management,               
storage, dumping, and transportation of waste.                                  
     23.2. Legal   and natural persons shall be liable for toxic,               
injurious,  and   radioactive  waste   which  is  the  result  of               
production until  it is  recycled or  treated in  the established               
manner.                                                                         
     23.3. Sites  for  the  containment,  storage,  dumping,  and               
treatment of  toxic and  radioactive waste  shall be allotted  by               
the Government  of the  Republic of  Lithuania in the established               
manner.                                                                         
     23.4. Toxic,  injurious,  and  radioactive  waste  shall  be               
stored, dumped,  and treated  in special  installments or storage               
facilities.                                                                     
     23.5. The  management of  toxic, injurious,  and radioactive               
waste shall  be regulated  by  the  Department  of  Environmental               
Protection.  All   other  waste   shall  be   managed  by   local               
governments.                                                                    
     23.6. The  importation  of  waste    into  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania for storage, treatment, or dumping is prohibited.                     
                                                                                
     23.7. The  regulations for  transit transportation  of toxic               
and radioactive  materials shall  be established by international               
treaties of the Republic of Lithuania.                                          
                                                                                
     Article 24. Emergency Situations                                           
                                                                                
     24.1. An  emergency situation  is a  hazardous environmental               
state  which,  as  the  result  of  nature,  accidents,  economic               
activity, or  other events,  exceeds standards  of  environmental               
quality.                                                                        
     Areas in  which an emergency situation has occurred shall be               
declared zones of ecological danger or ecological disaster.                     
     24.2. In  accordance with  the Department  of  Environmental               
Protection, areas  in which  the  permissible  concentrations  of               
pollutants are  constantly exceeded   shall  be declared zones of               
ecological danger by the respective local governments.                          
     24.3. In  accordance with  the Department  of  Environmental               
Protection, areas  in which,  as the result of nature, accidents,               
economic activities, or other events,  the environment has either               
degraded irremediably  or has  become unsuitable for living shall               
be declared   zones  of ecological  disaster by the Government of               
the Republic of Lithuania.                                                      
     24.4. Areas  which are declared zones of ecological disaster               
shall be marked by special signs.                                               
     24.5. In  zones of ecological danger or disaster, activities               
hazardous to  either the  people or  the environment    shall  be               
suspended, restricted, or prohibited. The administration of zones               
of  ecological   danger  shall   be  determined   by  the   local               
governments. In  zones of  ecological disaster the administration               
shall  be  determined  by  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania in  conjunction with  the Department  of  Environmental               
Protection.                                                                     
     24.6. In  the event  of an emergency situation, the subjects               
of economic  activities shall  eradicate both  the cause  and the               
consequences, shall inform the public, the local governments, the               
Ministry  of  Health,  the  Government,  and  the  Department  of               
Environmental Protection,  and  shall  fulfil  other  regulations               
established by the administration.                                              
     24.7. The  Government of  the Republic  of Lithuania and the               
local governments  shall have  the  right  to  utilize    special               
services, organizations,  and residents in order to eradicate the               
causes and  consequences of  ecological disasters,  and to  adopt               
decisions concerning the evacuation of inhabitants.                             
     24.8. Costs  incurred from  the  eradication  of  ecological               
disasters shall  be the  responsibility of  the legal and natural               
persons at fault. In other cases they shall be the responsibility               
of the State.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER V                                           
                                                                                
THE SYSTEM OF MONITORING  THE ENVIRONMENTAL STATE AND RESTRICTING               
                 NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS                                 
                                                                                
     Article 25. The System of Monitoring the Environmental                     
               State                                                            
                                                                                
     25.1. A  uniform system  of ecological  monitoring shall  be               
established for  the surveillance  of the environmental state and               
its components.  Local governments,  ministries, departments, and               
other users  of natural  resources  shall  administer  municipal,               
branch, and enterprise monitoring.                                              
     25.2. The content, structure, and procedures of  enterprise,               
municipal,  and   complex  monitoring  shall  be  established  in               
accordance with  the monitoring regulations which  are sanctioned               
                                                                                
by the Department of Environmental Protection upon agreement with               
the Government.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Article 26. The System of Restricting  Negative                            
               Environmental Effects                                            
                                                                                
     26.1. The  negative effects  of economic  activities on  the               
environment shall be restricted by norms, standards, limitations,               
legal measures, and economic regulations.                                       
     26.1  In   the   Republic   of   Lithuania,   standards   of               
environmental  quality   shall  be   established  concerning  the               
concentration  of  pollutants  in  the  environment  and  in  the               
individual  components  of  the  environment,  the  discharge  of               
pollutants into the environment, the utilization of chemicals and               
other substances  which are  hazardous to  the  environment,  the               
utilization   of    natural    resources,    noise,    vibration,               
electromagnetic fields  and other  effects, radiation safety, and               
general anthropogenic activities.                                               
     26.3. An  ecological examination  must be carried out before               
the production, manufacturing, and introduction of new technology               
takes place.                                                                    
                                                                                
     Article 27. The Ecological Examination                                     
                                                                                
     27.1.  The  ecological  examination  may  be  either  state,               
departmental, or public.                                                        
     27.2.  The  Department  of  Environmental  Protection  shall               
organize and  carry out  the state ecological examination. State,               
departmental,  and   public  ecological   examinations  shall  be               
executed  according   to  the   laws  and   regulations   already               
established.                                                                    
     Specialists   from   both   Lithuanian   and   international               
organizations  may   be  asked   to  join  the  state  ecological               
examination commission.                                                         
     27.3. The  verdict of  the state  ecological examination  is               
obligatory for all legal and natural persons.                                   
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER VI                                           
                                                                                
       THE ECONOMIC MECHANISM OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION                       
                                                                                
     Article 28. Economic Means of Environmental Protection                     
                                                                                
     Ecological and  economic interests  of the  State  shall  be               
coordinated by the economic mechanism of environmental protection               
set forth  in the  laws and  other legal  acts of the Republic of               
Lithuania. This consists of:                                                    
     1) taxes for the utilization of natural resources;                         
     2) taxes for environmental pollution;                                      
     3) regulation of crediting;                                                
     4) state subsidies;                                                        
     5) pricing policies;                                                       
     6) economic sanctions and compensation for damages; and                    
     7) other ecological taxes and measures.                                    
                                                                                
     Article 29. Implementation Methods of Economic                             
               Environmental Protection Measures                                
                                                                                
     The  introduction   of  low   waste   technology   and   the               
manufacturing of  ecological production  shall be promoted by tax               
reduction, credit privileges, and state subsidies.                              
                                                                                
     Article 30. State Financing of Environmental Protection                    
               Measures                                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
     30.1. Environmental protection measures shall be financed by               
the users  of natural  resources, the state government, and local               
governments, in accordance with appropriate legislative acts.                   
     30.2.  State   budget  funds   allocated  for  environmental               
protection shall  be utilized  in accordance with the  directions               
and programs  determined by  the Government  of the  Republic  of               
Lithuania and the Department of Environmental Protection.                       
     30.3. Additional sources of environmental financing shall be               
the  State  Fund  for  Environmental  Protection  and  the  local               
government funds for environmental protection.                                  
     30.4. The Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania shall               
establish the procedure for the formation and distribution of the               
State Fund of Environmental Protection.                                         
                                                                                
                           CHAPTER VII                                          
                                                                                
 LIABILITY FOR  VIOLATION OF THE LAW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION                
      AND THE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES CONCERNING  ISSUES OF                      
                    ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION                                    
                                                                                
     Article 31. Legal Responsibility                                           
                                                                                
     Legal and natural persons who violate the regulations of the               
law  of   environmental  protection     shall   be   subject   to               
disciplinary, administrative,  material, and  criminal  liability               
under the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                                    
                                                                                
     Article 32. Forms of the Compensation for  Damage                          
               Caused to the Environment by Unlawful                            
               Activities                                                       
                                                                                
     Legal  and   natural  persons   who,  by   way  of  unlawful               
activities, cause  damage to  the environment,  to  the  life  or               
health of  a given  person(s), or to the property or interests of               
other legal and natural persons, must compensate all losses, and,               
if possible,  must to  restore the  environmental  state  of  the               
object in question.                                                             
     The Government  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  upon  the               
agreement of   the  Department of Environmental Protection, shall               
establish the  methods and rates to compensate for damages caused               
to the environment.                                                             
                                                                                
     Article 33. Claims for  Compensation of Damage Caused                      
               by Unlawful Activities                                           
                                                                                
     The following natural and legal persons shall have the right               
to make claims for damages caused by unlawful activities:                       
     1) legal  and natural  persons   whose health,  property, or               
interests have been damaged;                                                    
     2) officers of the Department of Environmental Protection of               
the Republic  of Lithuania,  the  procurator,  and  other  public               
organizations, when  damage has been done to the interests of the               
State.                                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 34. Settlement of Disputes on Issues Concerning                    
               Environmental Protection                                         
                                                                                
     34.1. Local  governments, the  Government of the Republic of               
Lithuania,  the   Department  of  Environmental  Protection,  the               
Supreme Council,  Arbitration, and  the Court shall, within their               
jurisdiction,  settle disputes on issues concerning environmental               
protection in the manner established by law.                                    
     34.2. Disputes  between legal  and natural  persons  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania and  foreign states shall be settled in the               
manner established  by law  of the  Republic of Lithuania, unless               
                                                                                
international agreements  of the  Republic of  Lithuania  provide               
otherwise.                                                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                          CHAPTER VIII                                          
                                                                                
  INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA IN THE                 
                AREA OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION                                
                                                                                
     Article 35. The Participation of the Republic of                           
                Lithuania in International Cooperation on                       
                Issues Concerning Environmental Protection                      
                                                                                
     35.1.  The   Republic  of   Lithuania,  guiding   itself  by               
universally recognized  and proclaimed principles, shall conclude               
international agreements  on    issues  concerning  environmental               
protection,  and   shall  participate   in  the   activities   of               
international environmental protection organizations.                           
     35.2. The  Republic of  Lithuania,  cooperating  with  other               
states on issues concerning environmental protection, shall:                    
     1) seek both regional and universal ecological safety;                     
     2)  resolve   regional  and   global   problems   concerning               
environmental protection;                                                       
     3)  provide     objective   information  on  the  ecological               
situation in Lithuania to the states concerned;                                 
     4) control  and regulate  general issues  concerning natural               
resources;                                                                      
     5) cooperate  in the eradication of negative consequences of               
ecological disasters and accidents;                                             
     6) develop scientific and technical relations; and                         
     7)  fulfill   other  international   obligations  concerning               
environmental protection.                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 36. The Relation Between the Law of                                
               Environmental Protection of the Republic of                      
               Lithuania and International Agreements on                        
               Environmental Protection                                         
                                                                                
     36.1. The laws of the Republic of Lithuania must comply with               
international agreements,  ratified  by  Lithuania,  on    issues               
concerning environmental  protection and  universally  recognized               
norms of environmental protection.                                              
     36.2. If  an international  agreement  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania   on   issues   concerning   environmental   protection               
establishes regulations  other than those provided by the laws of               
the Republic  of Lithuania, the regulations must conform with the               
norms and  standards of  environmental quality established in the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
Bronius Kuzmickas                                                               
Vice President                                                                  
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
                                                                                
Vilnius,                                                                        
21 January, 1992                                                                
No.I-2223