REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                           
                                                                                
                       LAW ON TRADE UNIONS                                      
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 1                                           
                         General Provisions                                     
                                                                                
     Article 1. The Right to Form Trade Unions                                  
                                                                                
     Citizens of  the Republic of Lithuania, as well as other per-              
sons who  are permanently  residing in Lithuania, who are 14 years              
of age  and over, and who are working under employment contract or              
on other  grounds provided  by laws shall have the right to freely              
join  trade unions and take part in their activities.                           
     The application of this Law to the organisations of national               
defence, police,  state security,  as well  as to other organisa-               
tions may be established by the laws regulating their activities.               
     An employer  or his  authorised representative may not  be a               
member of  trade unions  functioning in  his enterprise, institu-               
tion, or organisation.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 2. Trade Union Membership                                          
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall be joined or  left according to the pro-               
cedure established  by the  regulations (statute)  of  the  trade               
union. Pensioners  and persons  who lose  their jobs  not through               
their fault  shall have  the right  to retain their membership of               
the trade union.                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 3. Freedom of Activities of Trade Unions                           
                                                                                
     In the  Republic of  Lithuania, trade  unions shall function               
freely and  independently. All  trade unions  shall  enjoy  equal               
rights. They  shall have the right to prepare the regulations and               
rules of  their activities,  to freely  choose their  representa-               
tives, to  organise their  apparatus and activities, and to shape               
the program of their activities.                                                
     State bodies,  employers and  their  authorised  representa-               
tives, managing  bodies of  enterprises, institutions,  organisa-               
tions, the administration, officials, political parties and other               
public organisations  shall be  prohibited from  interfering with               
the internal  affairs of trade unions.  Individuals who interfere               
with the  legitimate activities  of trade  unions shall be liable               
under  law.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 4. Legal Basis of the Trade Union Activities                       
                                                                                
     Trade  unions   shall  function   in  compliance   with  the               
Provisional  Basic   Law  (Constitution)   of  the   Republic  of               
Lithuania, this Law  and other laws of the Republic of Lithuania,               
and conventions  of the  International Labour  Organisation,  and               
shall base  their activities   on  the regulations (statute) of a               
trade union, registered in the established manner.                              
                                                                                
     Article 5. International Relations of Trade Unions                         
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall have  the right  to maintain   relations               
with trade  unions of  other states,  international and other or-               
ganisations, and  to be  members of international trade union or-               
ganisations as well as to take part in their activities.                        
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 2                                           
            Establishment of Trade Unions, Suspension                           
               and Termination of their Activities                              
                                                                                
     Article 6. Establishment of Trade Unions                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
      Trade  unions may  be established  on the  basis of profes-               
sional, office,  production,  territorial,  or  other  principles               
determined by the trade unions.                                                 
                                                                                
     A trade union may be established only if it has:                           
     1) no less than 30 founders, or if there are no less than 30               
founders in  the enterprise, institution or organisation, or when               
the founders  account for  no less than 1/5 of all the employees,               
but no less than three employees;                                               
     2) the regulations (statute) approved at the meeting; and                  
     3) an elected governing body.                                              
                                                                                
     A trade  union shall  be considered  to have been established              
from the  day when the conditions specified in paragraph 2 of this              
Article are met.                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 7. Trade Union Associations                                        
                                                                                
     Trade unions shall have the right to form associations.                    
                                                                                
     Trade union  associations may  be established  only  on  the               
basis of  a free agreement between trade unions, and on their own               
initiative.                                                                     
                                                                                
     Article 8. Acquisition of the Rights of a Legal Person                     
                                                                                
     Trade unions  or their associations shall acquire the rights               
of  a  legal  person  only  upon  registering  their  regulations               
(statute) according to the procedure established by this Law.                   
                                                                                
     The regulations (statute) of a trade union must state:                     
     1) name and principal office of a trade union;                             
     2) organisational structure of a trade union;                              
     3) governing bodies;                                                       
     4) the procedure for terminating the activities; and                       
     5) the  procedure for  managing, disposition and utilisation               
of the property of  the trade union.                                            
                                                                                
     The regulations (statute) of the trade unions the structural               
units whereof  are located  on the territory of one town  or dis-               
trict shall  be registered  with the boards of towns or districts               
(regions) on  the territory of which the structural units are lo-               
cated.                                                                          
                                                                                
     The regulations  (statute) of trade unions or their associa-               
tions  which,  according  to  their  regulations  (statute),  are               
functioning in at least two towns or districts (regions) shall be               
registered with  the Ministry  of  Justice  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     The regulations (statute) of  trade unions or their associa-               
tions shall be registered no later than within one month from the               
filing of  the application  for registration in pursuance of this               
Law, and  upon   submitting the  regulations (statute) of a trade               
union and  the minutes  (or extract  therefrom) of  a constituent               
meeting (conference  or congress)   of  a trade union or associa-               
tion.                                                                           
                                                                                
     Trade unions or their associations, as well as organisations               
specified in their regulations (statute) shall acquire the rights               
of a  legal person  from the day of registration of their regula-               
tions (statute).                                                                
                                                                                
     Upon refusal  to register  a trade  union or  association of               
trade unions,  the founders of a trade union or of an association               
of trade  unions shall  be informed  thereof in  writing no later               
than within  three  days  from  the  adoption  of  the  decision,               
specifying which   legal  acts of  the Republic  of Lithuania the               
regulations (statute)  of a  trade union  or association of trade               
unions are not in conformity with.                                              
                                                                                
     Refusal to  register a  trade union or  association of trade               
unions may  be appealed  against in court which shall investigate               
the case within ten days according to a special procedure.                      
                                                                                
     Article 9.  Suspension and Termination of the Activities of a              
Trade Union                                                                     
                                                                                
     The activities  of a  trade union  or   association of trade               
unions may be suspended or terminated :                                         
     1) according  to the  procedure established in their regula-               
tions (statute); and                                                            
     2) by a court decision.                                                    
                                                                                
     If a trade union or association of trade unions violates the               
Provisional Basic Law (Constitution) of the Republic of Lithuania               
or this  Law,    the  body  which    registered  the  regulations               
(statute) of the trade union or association of trade unions shall               
inform in  writing the governing bodies of the trade union or as-               
sociation of  trade unions  of the  violation and shall state the               
term for  the elimination  of said  violations. If the violations               
are not  eliminated, the  body   which registered the regulations               
(statute) of the trade union or association of trade unions shall               
have the  right to appeal to court for the termination of the ac-               
tivities  of the trade union or association of trade unions.                    
                                                                                
     On the decision of the court, the activities of a trade union              
or association  of trade  unions may be suspended for the term not              
exceeding three  months. If  the  violations  are  not  eliminated              
during the  established period, the activities of a trade union or              
association of trade unions may be terminated by a court decision.              
                                                                                
     The activities  of trade  unions or  their associations  may               
also be  terminated by a court decision, if trade unions or their               
associations, within  a year's period from the day when their ac-               
tivities were  suspended by  a court decision, repeatedly violate               
the Provisional  Basic Law  (Constitution)  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, or this Law.                                                         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 3                                           
           RELTIONS BETWEEN TRADE UNIONS AND EMPLOYERS                          
                                                                                
     Article 10. Trade Unions and the Employer                                  
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall be  independent from the employer or his               
authorised representative.                                                      
                                                                                
     The employer  or  his  authorised  representative  shall  be               
prohibited from making employment or retention of job conditional               
upon the  employee's  consent  to  refrain  from  joining  or  to               
withdraw from a trade union.                                                    
                                                                                
     The  employer  or  his  authorised  representative  shall  be              
prohibited from  organising and financing organisations seeking to              
hinder, terminate or control the activities of trade unions.                    
                                                                                
     Trade unions shall represent the members of a trade union in               
the relations with the employer or his authorised representative.               
Trade unions  shall defend  labour, as  well  as  social-economic               
rights and interests of their members.                                          
                                                                                
     Article 11.  The Right of Trade Unions to Conclude Collective              
and other Agreements                                                            
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall represent  their members (or may also be               
representatives of  a collective  of employees) when concluding a               
collective and other agreements with the employer.                              
                                                                                
     Article 12.  The Right of Trade Unions to Conclude Agreements              
with the Organisations of Employers                                             
                                                                                
     Trade unions and associations of trade unions shall have the               
right to  negotiate and  conclude agreements  with the employers,               
their organisations  or associations  regarding  the  employment,               
change of  qualification, organisation  of work and remuneration,               
improvement of  working and  living conditions  of employees, and               
other issues.                                                                   
                                                                                
          Article 13.  Obligations of  the Employer  in the Rela-               
tions with Trade Unions                                                         
                                                                                
     In the  cases provided  by law,  the  employer  must  settle               
labour, economic,  and social  issues upon  coordination  thereof               
with trade union bodies.                                                        
                                                                                
     The employer  must ensure  conditions for  the activities of               
trade unions provided for in collective and other agreements.                   
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 4                                           
                                                                                
                    Trade Unions and State Bodies                               
                                                                                
     Article 14.  The Rights  of Trade Unions in Issuing Standard               
Acts                                                                            
     Trade unions  and their  associations shall submit proposals               
to bodies  of state power and governance concerning the adoption,               
amendment or  annulment of standard acts on labour, economic, and               
social issues.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Trade unions,  in the  body of  their national associations,               
shall have the right of legislative initiative.                                 
                                                                                
     Article 15. Defence of Rights of Trade Union                               
                                                                                
      Trade  unions shall  represent their members and, in accor-               
dance with  the procedure  established by  law, defend  their own               
rights and  legitimate  interests  as  well  as  the  rights  and               
legitimate interests of their members in state bodies.                          
                                                                                
     While defending the rights and legitimate interests of their               
members, trade  unions may  conclude agreements  with state power               
and governance bodies.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 16.  Assistance to  Trade Unions  Rendered by  State               
Bodies and Organisations                                                        
                                                                                
     Trade unions  and their associations shall have the right to               
receive  information  from  state  bodies  and  organisations  on               
labour, economic  and  social  issues  necessary  for  their  ac-               
tivities; state bodies and organisations must furnish said infor-               
mation within the period established by law.                                    
                                                                                
     State bodies  shall promote negotiations between trade unions              
and employers or their organisations.                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
     State bodies  or organisations  may  provide  assistance  to               
trade unions in carrying out social or other investigations.                    
                                                                                
                              CHAPTER 5                                         
     The Rights  of Trade Unions. Guarantees for the Activities of              
Trade Unions and their Members                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 17.The  Right  of  Trade  Unions  to  Supervise  the               
Adherence to the Laws on Labour and Trade Unions                                
                                                                                
     Trade  unions   shall  have   the  right  to  supervise  the               
employer's  adherence   to  and  implementation  of  the  labour,               
economic, and  social laws related to the rights and interests of               
their members, as well as of the collective and other agreements.               
For this  purpose, trade unions may have inspectorates, legal ad-               
vice services, and other institutions.                                          
                                                                                
     While performing the functions of supervision provided for in              
Paragraph 1 hereof, persons authorised by a trade union shall have              
the right  to freely  enter  enterprises,  institutions,  and  or-              
ganisations which  employ members  of the  trade union,  and to be              
granted access  to the documents concerning working, economic, and              
social conditions of its members.                                               
                                                                                
     Article 18.  The Right  of Trade Unions to Demand the Annul-               
ment of the Employer's Decisions                                                
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall  have  the  right  to  demand  that  the               
employer annul  his decisions which violate labour, economic, and               
social rights  of their  members provided  by  the  laws  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
     The employer  must consider  said demands within 10 days  in               
the presence of the representatives of the trade union which sub-               
mitted the demands.                                                             
                                                                                
     In the  event that the employer fails to timely consider the               
demand of  the trade  union to  annul the  decision or refuses to               
satisfy the  demand, the  trade union shall have the right to ap-               
peal to court.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Article 19.  The Right of Trade Unions to Propose that Legal               
Action be Taken against Officials                                               
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall have the right to propose that legal ac-               
tions be  taken against  officials who violate laws on labour, or               
who do  not ensure  safety at  work, or  who   do not execute the               
collective or other mutual agreements.                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 20.  Defence of the Rights of Trade Unions and their               
Members                                                                         
                                                                                
     The rights and legitimate interests of trade unions and their              
members shall  be defended in the manner established by law by the              
bodies of  state power  and governance,  the court,  and other law              
enforcement bodies.                                                             
                                                                                
     State bodies,  officials, natural  or legal  persons who in-               
flict damage on a trade union by their unlawful actions must com-               
pensate therefor according to the procedure established by law.                 
                                                                                
     Article 21.  Guarantees of Labour Rights of Trade Union Mem-               
bers                                                                            
     In cases specified by law, collective or other agreement, it               
shall be  prohibited to terminate the employment contract with an               
employee who  is a trade union member  without a prior consent of               
a body of the trade union of which that person is a member.                     
                                                                                
     Employees elected  to elective  bodies of  trade unions  who               
have not  terminated the  employment contract with their employer               
may not  be dismissed from work on the employer's initiative, ex-               
cept in the case when the enterprise, institution or organisation               
is being  liquidated, neither  may he  be transferred  to another               
work without a prior consent of the trade union body.                           
                                                                                
     A prior  consent of  the trade  union body shall also be re-               
quired for  imposing disciplinary penalties  on said employees or               
for changing the basic conditions of their employment contract.                 
                                                                                
     Members of  trade unions  who are  dismissed  from  work  by               
reason of  being chosen to elective post in trade union organisa-               
tions, shall  be granted  the previous employment (post) upon the               
expiry of  their term  of office  in the  elective posts;  in the               
event that  the job  (post) is  no longer available, said persons               
must be  provided  with  another  employment  (post)  equated  to               
it.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????                        
                                                                                
     Other guarantees  to the  employees elected  to the elective               
governing bodies  of trade unions may be established by a collec-               
tive or other agreements.                                                       
                                                                                
     Article 22.  Participation of Trade Unions in the Settlement               
of Disputes According to the Procedure Established by Law                       
                                                                                
     Trade unions shall take part in the settlement of individual               
or collective  labour disputes  according to the procedure estab-               
lished by law.                                                                  
                                                                                
     Disputes arising  between trade  unions and the employer con-              
cerning failure  to perform duties and obligations provided by law              
or agreements shall be considered by court.                                     
                                                                                
     Article 23.  The Right of Trade Unions to Organise Rallies or              
Demonstrations, or to Stage Strikes                                             
                                                                                
     Trade unions  shall have the right to hold meetings, as well               
as to  organise rallies,  demonstrations and other mass events in               
the manner established by law.                                                  
     While defending  the rights  of their  members, trade unions               
shall have  the right to stage strikes according to the procedure               
established by law.                                                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 6                                           
                                                                                
     Property of Trade Unions. Responsibility of Trade Unions                   
                                                                                
     Article 24. The Property of Trade Unions                                   
                                                                                
     Trade unions  or associations  of trade  unions may  own  by               
ownership right  buildings, equipment,  means of  transportation,               
and other property not restricted by law.                                       
     The property  of trade unions shall also comprise, membership              
fees,  contributions   by  organisations,   institutions,and   en-              
terprises, public  donations, and other legally acquired income or              
property.                                                                       
     Trade unions,  while seeking  to implement goals set forth in              
their regulations (statute), shall have the right to engage in the              
publishing business  and economic  activities,  and  to  establish              
charity or other funds.                                                         
                                                                                
     The funds  of trades  unions acquired  from membership fees,               
and public donations and charities shall be exempt from taxation.               
     Trade unions shall manage their funds and property independ-               
ently.                                                                          
     Upon the liquidation of a trade union, its property shall be               
transferred [to  another owner] according to the procedure estab-               
lished in  the regulations (statute) of the trade union or in the               
decision of the court.                                                          
      Funds  or property acquired unlawfully shall be transferred               
to the ownership of the Republic of Lithuania by a court order.                 
                                                                                
     Article 25. Responsibility of Trade Unions                                 
                                                                                
     A trade union which inflicts damage on the state, or natural               
or legal persons by its unlawful actions, shall be liable to com-               
pensate therefor  from its property in accordance with the proce-               
dure established by law.                                                        
                                                                                
Vytautas Landsbergis                                                            
President                                                                       
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
Vilnius                                                                         
21 November 1991                                                                
No. I-2018