Republic of Lithuania                                     
                               Law                                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
                    on International Treaties                                   
                  of the Republic of Lithuania                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
     The Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania                           
                                                                                
     proceeding from  the universally  recognised principles  and               
norms  of   international  law   regulating  the  conclusion  and               
execution of  international treaties, and which were consolidated               
in the  23 May 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of International               
Treaty, the 14 March 1975 Vienna Convention on the Representation               
of States  in their  Relations with  International Organisations,               
and in  the 21  March  1986  Vienna  Convention  on  the  Law  of               
Agreements between  States and  International  Organisations,  or               
between International Organisations,                                            
                                                                                
     expressing its  allegiance to  the principle  of  scrupulous               
fulfillment of international obligations,                                       
     adopts this law.                                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 1                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                       General Provisions                                       
                                                                                
     Article 1.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Under this  law an  international treaty  of the Republic of               
Lithuania shall mean an agreement which the Republic of Lithuania               
concludes  in   writing  with  foreign  states  or  international               
organisations, regardless of the title of said treaty.                          
                                                                                
     Article 2.                                                                 
                                                                                
     This law  shall establish  procedure for  the conclusion and               
execution of  all  international  treaties  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, regardless of which institution or official negotiated               
and signed, according to established procedure, any international               
treaty of the Republic of Lithuania.                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 2                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
            The Conclusion of International Treaties                            
                  of the Republic of Lithuania                                  
                                                                                
     Article 3.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Recommendations  concerning   conclusion  of   international               
treaties of  the Republic  of Lithuania shall be submitted to the               
Government  of   the  Republic   of  Lithuania  by  the  standing               
committees of  the  Supreme  Council  or  by  Ministries  of  the               
Republic of  Lithuania upon  coordination, or  jointly, with  the               
Ministry of Foreign Affairs according to procedure established by               
the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.                                    
     If the proposed international treaties establish norms other               
than  those   established  by  valid  laws  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, recommendations  concerning these  treaties  shall  be               
coordinated with  the Ministry  of Justice  of  the  Republic  of               
                                                                                
Lithuania and  shall be submitted together with expert assessment               
of the discrepancies.                                                           
                                                                                
     Article 4.                                                                 
                                                                                
     Decisions concerning  the  preparation  and  negotiation  of               
international treaties of the Republic of Lithuania shall be made               
by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania or, on its behalf,               
the Ministry  of Foreign Affairs, except decisions concerning the               
international treaties  of the Republic of Lithuania specified in               
Paragraph 2  of Article  7 of this law. Decisions concerning them               
shall  be  made  by  the  Supreme  Council  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 5.                                                                 
                                                                                
     The President  of the  Supreme Council  of the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, the  Prime Minister  of the Republic of Lithuania, and               
the Minister  of Foreign  Affairs of  the Republic  of  Lithuania               
shall have the right to negotiate the conclusion of international               
treaties of  the Republic  of Lithuania,  to adopt their texts or               
sign them  without special  authorisation, in accordance with the               
provisions set forth in Article 4.                                              
     A head  of a diplomatic mission of the Republic of Lithuania               
or  a   representative  of   the  Republic  of  Lithuania  to  an               
international conference,  international organisation,  or to one               
of its bodies shall have the right to negotiate the conclusion of               
an international treaty of the Republic of Lithuania and to adopt               
its text  either with the state wherein the diplomatic mission is               
located,  or   at  an   international  conference,  international               
organisation or at one of its bodies, respectively.                             
     Other  persons   may  negotiate   the   conclusion   of   an               
international treaty  of the  Republic of Lithuania, to adopt its               
text or  sign it only if he has been provided powers set forth in               
Article 6 of this law.                                                          
                                                                                
     Article 6.                                                                 
                                                                                
     The powers  to negotiate  and sign international treaties of               
the Republic of Lithuania shall be conferred by the Government of               
the Republic of Lithuania and signed by the Prime Minister of the               
Republic of  Lithuania and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the               
Republic of  Lithuania,  except  powers  to  negotiate  and  sign               
treaties on  behalf of  the Republic  of Lithuania  set forth  in               
Paragraph 2  of Article  7 of  this law.  Powers to negotiate and               
sign the  international treaties  of the  Republic  of  Lithuania               
specified in  Paragraph  2,  Article  7  of  this  law  shall  be               
conferred by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania and               
signed by  the President  of the Supreme Council and the Minister               
of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania. Such powers must               
define the object of negotiations and specify other actions which               
the negotiator is authorised to perform.                                        
                                                                                
     Article 7.                                                                 
                                                                                
     International treaties of the Republic of Lithuania shall be               
ratified by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania.                   
     Subject to ratification shall be the following international               
treaties of the Republic of Lithuania :                                         
     1) on political cooperation with foreign states;                           
     2) on mutual assistance;                                                   
     3) peace treaties;                                                         
     4) on the refusal to use or threaten to use force;                         
     5) on  the presence  and  status  of  armed  forces  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania on the territory of foreign states;                       
                                                                                
     6) on  the presence  and status  of armed  forces of foreign               
states on the territory of the Republic of Lithuania;                           
     7) on the borders of the Republic of Lithuania;                            
     8) on the participation of the Republic of Lithuania in both               
universal and regional international organisations;                             
     9) multilateral and longterm economic agreements;                          
     10)  treaties   establishing  norms   differing  from  those               
provided for by the laws of the Republic of Lithuania;                          
     11) defence treaties.                                                      
     Also ratified  must be  those international  treaties  which               
include  provision   for  ratification.  The  Government  of  the               
Republic  of   Lithuania  shall   submit  by   its  own  decision               
international treaties  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  to  the               
Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania for ratification.                  
                                                                                
     Article 8.                                                                 
                                                                                
     The Supreme  Council of  the Republic  of Lithuania,  having               
considered an  international treaty  of the Republic of Lithuania               
submitted for ratification, shall adopt a relevant decree.                      
      Instruments  of ratification  shall be  issued pursuant  to               
Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithunia decrees.                            
                                                                                
     Article 9.                                                                 
                                                                                
     At  the   behest  of  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania, the  Ministry of  Foreign Affairs  of the  Republic of               
Lithuania, a diplomatic mission of the Republic of Lithuania in a               
corresponding foreign  state, or  a mission  of the  Republic  of               
Lithuania  to   an  international   organisation  shall  exchange               
instruments of  ratification, and  deposit documents of accession               
to international treaties with the depositary.                                  
                                                                                
     Article 10.                                                                
                                                                                
     International treaties  of the  Republic of  Lithuania which               
are not  subject  to  ratification  but  for  which  confirmation               
procedure is  stipulated, shall be confirmed by the Government of               
the Republic  of Lithuania  or, at  its behest,  the Ministry  of               
Foreign  Affairs  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  according  to               
procedure determined by the Government.                                         
                                                                                
     Article 11.                                                                
                                                                                
     A decision  to accede  to an  international treaty  shall be               
made by  the Government  of the  Republic of Lithuania or, at its               
behest, by  the Ministry  of  Foreign  Affairs,  except  treaties               
specified in  Paragraph 2  of Article  7 of  this law,  decisions               
concerning which  shall be  made by  the Supreme  Council of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 3                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
            The Fulfillment of International Treaties                           
                  of the Republic of Lithuania                                  
                                                                                
     Article 12.                                                                
                                                                                
     International treaties  of the  Republic of  Lithuania shall               
have the  force of  law on  the  territory  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 13.                                                                
                                                                                
     The Government  of the  Republic of  Lithuania shall fulfill               
obligations assumed  in international treaties of the Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
                                                                                
     Article 14.                                                                
                                                                                
     Decisions to  suspend or terminate international treaties of               
the Republic  of Lithuania  according to  universally  recognised               
norms of international law shall be made by the Government of the               
Republic of  Lithuania, except  treaties specified in Paragraph 2               
of Article  7 of  this law,  decisions concerning  which shall be               
made by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania.                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            Chapter 4                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                        Final Provisions                                        
                                                                                
     Article 15.                                                                
                                                                                
     All international  treaties of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania               
shall be  registered in the register of international treaties of               
the Republic of Lithuania with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.                 
                                                                                
     Article 16.                                                                
                                                                                
     Ratified  and   confirmed  international   treaties  of  the               
Republic of  Lithuania as  well as treaties to which the Republic               
of Lithuania  has acceded  according to the procedure established               
by this  law, upon  recommendation of  the  Ministry  of  Foreign               
Affairs, shall be published in the Supreme Council and Government               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania News,  and in  the Lietuvos aidas,               
Echo Litvy, and Kurier Wilenski newspapers.                                     
                                                                                
     Article 17.                                                                
                                                                                
     The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania               
shall  file   the  international  treaties  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania which  are in  force with  the Secretary General of the               
United Nations  Organisation for  registration,  deposition,  and               
publication.                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
Vytautas Landsbergis                                                            
                                                                                
President                                                                       
Supreme Council                                                                 
Republic of Lithuania                                                           
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
21 May 1991                                                                     
No I-1344