REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                                     
                                                                                
                               LAW                                              
                                                                                
 ON THE LEGAL STATUS OF FOREIGNERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA                 
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 1                                           
                                                                                
                      1. General provisions                                     
                                                                                
     Article 1.  In the Republic of Lithuania, persons possessing               
citizenship or  any foreign  state, as  well as stateless persons               
shall be qualified as foreigners.                                               
     Article 2. The legal status of foreigners in the Republic of               
Lithuania shall  be established  by this  and other  laws of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     Issues concerning  legal status  of  citizens  with  foreign               
citizenship may  also be regulated by international agreements of               
the Republic  of Lithuania  with foreign  states, the citizens of               
which they are.                                                                 
     Article 3.  Foreigners in  the Republic  of Lithuania  shall               
enjoy the same rights and freedoms as citizens of the Republic of               
Lithuania unless  the Constitution  of the Republic of Lithuania,               
this and  other laws  or the  Republic of  Lithuania as  well  as               
international agreements  of the  Republic of  Lithuania  provide               
otherwise.                                                                      
     Foreigners in  the Republic  of Lithuania  are equal  before               
laws regardless  of their  race, colour, sex, language, religion,               
political  or  other  convictions,  national  or  social  origin,               
property, birth or any others status.                                           
     In the  Republic of  Lithuania, foreigners, while exercising               
their  rights   and  freedoms,  must  not  carry  out  activities               
detrimental to the interests of the Republic of Lithuania, rights               
or legitimate interests of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania,               
or of other persons.                                                            
     Article 4.  The provisions of this law shall be applied with               
regard to citizens of foreign states upon a basis of reciprocity.               
When in  becomes evident that another state restricts or violates               
universally recognized  norms of  legal status of foreigners with               
regard to  citizens of  the Republic of Lithuania, the Government               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania may  establish  reciprocations  of               
rights and  freedoms of foreigners of that state, who are staying               
in the Republic of Lithuania.                                                   
     Article 5. Foreigners, staying in the Republic of Lithuania,               
must respect  and  observe  the  Constitution  and  laws  of  the               
Republic  of  Lithuania.  They  must  also  respect  customs  and               
traditions of  the Lithuania nation and other national minorities               
residing in Lithuania.                                                          
     Article 6. Foreigners may reside permanently in Lithuania if               
they have  a residence  permit issued by the Ministry or Internal               
Affairs or the Republic of Lithuania and a document of identity.                
     A  permit   for  permanent  residence  in  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania shall beissued if a foreigner:                                        
     1) is  an immediate relative of a citizen of the Republic of               
Lithuania;                                                                      
     2) is a dependant of a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania;               
     3) maintains a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania;                       
     4) is married to a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania;                   
     5) has a legal of support in the Republic of Lithuania;                    
     6) in  other cases  established by  law of  the Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     The provisions  of Paragraph  2 of this Article shall not be               
applicable to  persons who  up to the date of entry into force of               
this law  have  been  permanent  residents  in  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania and  have nos  acquired the citizenship of the Republic               
of Lithuania under the 1989 Law on Citizenship of the Republic of               
Lithuania.  Such   persons  shall   be  qualified  as  foreigners               
permanently residing in the Republic of Lithuania.                              
     Article 7.  Foreigners who  are in the Republic of Lithuania               
on the basis other that specified in Article 6 of this law, shall               
be qualified  as foreigners temporary residing in the Republic of               
Lithuania.  They   must  register   their  passport   or  another               
equivalent document  in the  established manner,  and depart from               
the Republic  of Lithuania after the period of validity of a visa               
of the Republic of Lithuania and a residence permit has expired.                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 2                                           
 Basic Rights, Freedoms, and Duties of Foreigners Staying in the                
                      Republic of Lithuania                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 8.  Foreigners  staying  in  Lithuania  shall  enjoy               
freedom of thought, conscience, religion, and convictions.                      
     Article 9.  Foreigners cannot  elect or  be elected  to  the               
representative bodies of state power of the Republic of Lithuania               
and other  elective state  bodies, as  well as  to participate in               
referenda (plebiscites).                                                        
     Article  10.   Foreigners  who  permanently  reside  in  the               
Republic of  Lithuania may  hold any  post in state service, with               
the exception  of those posts that under the laws of the Republic               
of Lithuania  can be  held only  by citizens  of the  Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Article 11. Foreigners staying  in the Republic of Lithuania               
shall nor  be subject  to military  service in  the army  or  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     Article 12.  Under the  laws of  the Republic  of Lithuania,               
foreigners on the territory of the Republic of Lithuania shall be               
guaranteed inviolability of person and of abode, as well as other               
personal freedoms.                                                              
     A foreigner  staying in  the Republic of Lithuania cannot be               
detained or arrested except when he or she:                                     
     1) attempted  to illegally  enter the  Republic of Lithuania               
and was detained;                                                               
     2) was  illegally staying  in the  Republic of Lithuania and               
was detained;                                                                   
     3) committed  a crime or any other violation of law which he               
or she  had to  be detained  or arrested  under the  laws of  the               
Republic of Lithuania;                                                          
     4) in other cases established by the laws of the Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Each detained  foreigner must  informed without delay of the               
reasons of  his detention  or  of accusations brought against him               
if there are such, in the language understandable to him.                       
     Article 13.  Each foreigner,  possessing  citizenship  of  a               
foreign state  and staying in the Republic of Lithuania, shall be               
provided a  possibility to  get in  touch with  a  diplomatic  or               
consular  mission,  or  with  any  other  body  representing  the               
interests of that foreign state in the Republic of Lithuania, and               
if there  are no  such body  - with  the diplomatic  or  consular               
mission of  other foreign state which is authorized to defend the               
rights and  lawful interests  of citizens  of  that  state  whose               
citizen is the detained foreigner.                                              
     Bodies of  the Procuracy  of the  Republic of Lithuania must               
notify a  diplomatic or  consular  mission  of  the  state  whose               
citizen has  been detained,  of his detention or arrest not later               
than within 48 hours.                                                           
     Article 14.  Foreigner staying  in the Republic of Lithuania               
shall have  the right  to appeal  to court  or other state bodies               
personally a  person authorized by him, in the same manner as the               
citizens of the Republic of Lithuania.                                          
                                                                                
     Article 15.  Foreigners staying in the Republic of Lithuania               
shall enjoy  property rights  under the  laws of  the Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Article 16.  Foreigners permanently residing in the Republic               
of Lithuania  may engage in any labour or economic activity if it               
not prohibited  by the  laws of  the Republic of Lithuania and if               
not  exclusively  citizens  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  are               
permitted to engage in it.                                                      
     Article 17.  Foreigners, who are permanently residing in the               
Republic of  Lithuania and have a legal job, shall enjoy the same               
economic and  social  rights  as  citizens  of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Article 18.  Foreigners permanently residing the Republic of               
Lithuania shall  enjoy the  same rights  to  social  security  as               
citizens of the Republic of Lithuania.                                          
     Article 19.  The right of foreigners staying in the Republic               
of Lithuania  to move  freely in the Republic of Lithuania may be               
curtailed only  for the reasons of state security or public order               
according to the procedure established by laws of the Republic of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Article 20.  Each  foreigner  staying  in  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania shall be guaranteed the right to freely depart from the               
Republic of  Lithuania. This  rights may  be abridged  provided a               
foreigner:                                                                      
     1) has  been charged  with a  crime -  until the  end of the               
investigation of the case;                                                      
     2) has been sentenced for the committed crime - until he has               
served his term or until he is exempt from serving his term;                    
     3) has  not discharged his property obligations to the state               
of Lithuania  or property  obligations arising  from marriage  of               
family relations,  or any  other property obligations established               
by enforced decisions of court.                                                 
     Article 21.  Foreigners staying in the Republic of Lithuania               
shall be  subject to  taxation in the same manner as the citizens               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania unless  laws of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania  or   international  agreements   of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania provide otherwise.                                                    
     Article 22.  Foreigners permanently residing in the Republic               
of Lithuania shall enjoy the same rights to education as citizens               
of the  Republic of  Lithuania, which  shall be discharged in the               
manner established by laws of the Republic of Lithuania.                        
     Article 23.  Foreigners staying in the Republic of Lithuania               
shall enjoy  the  same  rights  to  cultural  properties  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     Foreigners shall  be guaranteed  the  rights  to  use  their               
native  language,   to  protect  and  foster  their  culture  and               
traditions.                                                                     
     Article 24.  Foreigners staying in the Republic of Lithuania               
may contract  or dissolve marriage with a citizen of the Republic               
of Lithuania,  according to  the procedure established by laws of               
the Republic of Lithuania.                                                      
     In their  marital and  family relations, foreigners shall be               
entitled to  the same  rights   and duties  as  citizens  of  the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 3                                           
                                                                                
    Foreigners' Entry into and Departure from the Republic of                   
                            Lithuania                                           
                                                                                
     Article 25.  Foreigners may  enter the Republic of Lithuania               
only after  they have been issued a visa, entrance permit, or any               
other relevant  document by  the competent bodies of the Republic               
of Lithuania.                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
     Article 26. Entrance visa to the Republic of Lithuania shall               
be issued  by a diplomatic or consular mission located abroad, or               
by other bodies of the Republic of Lithuania established by laws.               
     Article 27.  A foreigner  may not  be permitted to enter the               
Republic of Lithuania if:                                                       
     1) he  has committed  crimes  against  humanity  o  acts  of               
genocide;                                                                       
     2) his  entrance poses  a threat  to the  national security,               
public order, health and morality or its inhabitants;                           
     3) during  the last  five years has deliberately committed a               
serious crime;                                                                  
     4) in his applications for a visa false information;                       
     5) in  other cases  invisaged by  laws of  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania.                                                                      
     Article 28.  A foreigner  shall be issued a permit to reside               
in the  Republic of Lithuania by the Ministry of Internal Affairs               
of the Republic of Lithuania.                                                   
     Article 29.  Upon changing their permanent place of abode on               
the territory  of the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  foreigners  must               
inform of  it the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of               
Lithuania in due course of law.                                                 
     Article 30.  A foreigner may be issued a permanent residence               
in the Republic of Lithuania only in cases defined in Paragraph 2               
of Article 6 of this law.                                                       
     Article 31.  Upon departure  from the Republic of Lithuania,               
foreigners must submit a passport or another equivalent document.               
     Upon departure  from the  Republic of  Lithuania, foreigners               
permanently residing  in the  Republic of  Lithuania must  submit               
passport or  another equivalent  document to  the agencies of the               
Ministry of  Internal Affairs  of the  Republic of  Lithuania and               
receive from  the Ministry  of Internal  Affairs the  permit  for               
departure.                                                                      
     Article 32. Foreigners shall not be permitted to depart from               
the Republic  of Lithuania in cases defined in Article 20 of this               
law.                                                                            
     A decision  prohibiting  a  foreigner  to  depart  from  the               
Republic of  Lithuania  shall  be  adopted  by  the  Ministry  of               
Internal Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.                                  
     Article 33.  Bodies of  border control  shall not  permit  a               
foreigner to  depart from  the Republic  of  Lithuania  until  he               
submits required documents.                                                     
     Article 34.  Foreigners' rights  and freedoms established by               
this law,  may be  abridged  only  the  basis  envisaged  by  the               
Universal Declaration  of Human Rights, International Covenant on               
Civil  and   Political  Rights,  and  International  Covenant  on               
Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and only under laws of the               
Republic of Lithuania.                                                          
     Article 35.  A decision  prohibiting a  foreigner to  depart               
from the Republic of Lithuania may be appealed against in court.                
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 4                                           
                                                                                
 Foreigners' Responsibility. Their Deportation from the Republic                
                          of Lithuania                                          
                                                                                
     Article 36. The Ministry of internal Affairs of the Republic               
of Lithuania  shall recommend  a foreigner  who has  violated the               
Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this and other laws of               
the Republic  of Lithuania,  or when his actions pose a threat to               
national security  or public  order, health  and morality  of its               
inhabitants, to depart from the Republic of Lithuania.                          
     If a  foreigner refuses  to  depart  from  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania or  if he  does not depart within a recommended period,               
decision concerning  his deportation  shall  be  adopted  by  the               
Minister of Internal Affairs.                                                   
                                                                                
     Foreigners who  entered or  are residing  in the Republic of               
Lithuania illegally,  may be  deported from it on the decision of               
the Ministry of Internal Affairs.                                               
     A decision  to deport  a  foreigner  from  the  Republic  of               
Lithuania  shall   be  appealed   against  in   accordance   with               
subordination.                                                                  
     Article 37.  Foreigners who  have committed  a crime  or any               
other violation  of law  in the  Republic of  Lithuania, shall be               
accountable under  laws of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  unless               
international agreements on Lithuania provide otherwise.                        
                                                                                
                            CHAPTER 5                                           
                                                                                
                           Conclusions                                          
                                                                                
     Article 38.  This law  shall not  be applied  to  heads  and               
officers of  diplomatic and  consular missions  of foreign states               
and to  persons equaled  to them,  who are entitled to privileges               
and immunities  established by  laws of the Republic of Lithuania               
and international agreements binding on Lithuania.                              
     Article  39.   If  an  international  agreement  binding  on               
Lithuania establishes  other regulations  than those provided for               
in this  law, the regulations of an international agreement shall               
be applied.                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                             VYTAUTAS LANDSBERGIS               
                                                        President               
                                                  Supreme Council               
                                            Republic of Lithuania               
                                                                                
Vilnius                                                                         
4 September 1991                                                                
No I-1750